‘The Necklace’ and ‘The Gift of the Magi’ Essay
‘The Necklace’ and ‘The Gift of the Magi’
‘The Gift of the Magi’ by O. Henry and ‘The Necklace’ by Guy de Maupassant are two short stories that share some similarities. Namely, they are both ironic. The two main characters in both also happen to be husband and wife and make sacrifices for their spouse.
The husband in ‘The Necklace’ is a ‘thrifty clerk’ who doesn’t like to spend too much money. After implored by his wife, he gives her the money that he saved up for a rifle so she could buy a nice dress instead. The husband in ‘The Gift of the Magi’ is not cheap and is willing to spend all it takes to please his wife.
The wife in ‘The Necklace’ is one Mathilde Loisel who longs to be a member of ‘high society’. She thinks herself poor, though she has a servant and is too blinded by her dream to take notice and appreciate the things she does have. Though she is accustomed to a life of leisure, she does work hard when she has to. In ‘The Gift of the Magi’, Della, the wife, actually does live in poverty but she’s content with this as long as she and her husband are happy. She is willing to do what it takes in order to keep the latter happy.
The irony in ‘The Necklace’ becomes apparent as the very item that had brought Mathilde’s dream of ‘high living’ to life was her and her husband’s eventual downfall. Mathilde loses the ‘diamond’ necklace which she borrowed from her friend and the couple are forced to work for ten years to pay in full the debt they developed after buying a replacement. As it is revealed in the end by Mathilde’s friend (from whom she borrowed the necklace) it was actually made of a paste, a cheap substance that has the luster of diamond. In ‘The Gift of the Magi’, Della forgoes her most prized possession, her long hair, in order to buy her husband, Jim, a Christmas present, a chain to accompany his gold watch which is purpoted that even King Solomon would be jealous of. The irony here is that Jim sells his most prized possession, his golden watch (the very same that Della bought the chain for), in order to buy Della a set of comps to accompany her long hair of which even Queen Sheba would envy her.
These two events in the short stories both demonstrate their respective themes. “The Gift of the Magi”‘s theme is that love is more important than any material possessions. The theme of ‘The Necklace’ is best expressed by the narrator,”How little a thing it takes to destroy you or to save you” in retrospect to the incident of following the loss of the necklace.