Nowadays, women are having educational opportunities as much as men. Everything has changed; a female can go to school and continue her higher degrees and work not like previous days when in the kitchen was where she used to belong. A raising female is facing too many difficulties which one of them is gender discrimination. Sex or gender discrimination in employment in employment is treating people unfavorably because of their sex, as mentioned in sex/ gender discrimination- workplace fairness (2019). In this literature review, I will be discussing how despite all the laws to end gender discrimination, it is still available in the United States; men are getting more opportunities they are most likely to get promoted, paid more, and even identified by the society only because they are “men”.

The biggest gender gaps are in the area of income, men are getting paid more than females even if they are doing the same jobs, they are also most likely to get promoted just because they are” men”.

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Parker and Funk (2017) reported the problem of discrimination in their article entitled “Gender discrimination comes in many forms for today’s working women”. They conducted a survey on American working women which showed that 42% have faced gender discrimination in the workplace. One in four working women (25%) reported that their income was twice lower a man’s income doing the same job. In their article “Sex discrimination at work”, Equal Rights Advocated have written a file with all the examples of gender discrimination in the workplace followed by laws that protect them from this kind of discrimination.

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According to a survey conducted by Iyer (2009) and Ryan (2009) men in 2.5 years are being promoted 3 times faster than a woman while they are doing the same job. Women have the right to be treated as equal as men, they have nothing missing and, in some cases, they are more qualified than men.

Females are getting less support, gender discrimination is affecting their career and social life, they are being treated harshly, and there are cases where females are not getting some jobs because they have a male competitor and in other cases, they are rising to the top but not remaining because of their gender. Females need support and motivation to keep on going and doing a great job, they deserve to be valued and respected. In the case of the United States of America, 15% of working women reported that they have received less support from senior leaders in the workplace, according to Iyer (2009) and Ryan (2009). In other cases, while applying to a job, females are considered unqualified just because they have a male competitor, although they might have better work experience and excellent qualifications.

According to Equal Rights Advocates (2014), one of the gender discrimination forms is in the hiring process, “you apply for a job, although you have experience and excellent qualifications, you are not hired because some of the company’s longtime clients are more comfortable dealing with a man”. According to Sipe (2009), Fisher (2009) and Jhonson (2009), women have the right to be estimated in the work place it is unfair to be treated in such ways because it is affecting her productivity and the company’s reflection on female employees. Females are a source of inspiration in every company, they can give more than anyone expects but employers and leaders have to know how to treat them and how to get their backs, be with them and support them so they can give their best

Females have not only experienced sexual harassment in the workplace but also racial, educational, generational discrimination. When employers, customers, co-workers see that you are a woman they start to find ways to unperfect you, your job, your, hobbies and everything related to your life. Parker (2017) and Funk (2017) have highlighted in one of their articles that among employed women 54% have previously experienced racial, ethnic, educational and generational discrimination in the workplace in the United States that made them suffer during their work period. A simple example of educational discrimination is when a holder of a Bachelor’s degree is more likely to get discriminated to another one holder of a Masters or Ph.D. degree. Another example of educational discrimination is when a woman who graduated from a middle-class university is discriminated to another one who graduated from a top leading university in the world. According to Parker (2017) and Funk (2017), 40% of working females have faced this kind of discrimination in the workplace. We can conclude that for a working female everyone will try to make her feel uncomfortable with your work, space, and even herself to make her unsuccessful in front of other people.

After all the laws to end gender discrimination in the workplace in the United States, working women are still facing discrimination but probably not the same amount of it. Being a woman should be a privilege not, a disadvantage, yes, we make our brain work as much as our hearts, but it is our composition and we cannot do anything about it. God gave us more feelings than males for a reason to do a kind of equilibria in the society, workplace and family. A wise man once said, “hiring and promoting talented women is the right thing to do for society- and it is and economic imperative”.

Cite this page

How Gender Discrimination Affects Women In The Workplace?. (2020, Sep 15). Retrieved from

How Gender Discrimination Affects Women In The Workplace?
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