There has been numerous research done over the years that focuses on autism which is a “complex disorder with multiple symptoms” (Rodier, 2000). Scientists have studied children and adults with the disorder to figure out whether the disorder is from a certain drug, through genetics, or both. For psychiatrists, it is important to diagnose at an early age in order to fully help a child with the disorder. It is difficult to diagnose before the age of four since autism typically focuses on communication and social interactions (Shen & Piven, 2017). Therefore, it is extremely important to create inclusion in early childhood education centers. These centers need to be equipped with teachers that can meet the needs of all children in their classroom (Hart & Whalon, 2012).
Selection of Standardized Test for Children and Adolescents who have Autism
Introduction Applied Behavior Analysis is an intervention that assists children who are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder. My career goal is to become a Board-Certified Behavior Analyst. The following tests are what I will review will be under the category of Behavior. There are several testing methods that are applied for children and adolescents who have Autism. They are the following: Autism Spectrum Rating Scales (ASRS), Gilliam Autism Rating Scale -Third Edition (GARS-3) and Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder). I…...
Reading Autistic Experience in The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
Intro Mark Haddon’s postmodern novel “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time”, exhibits the narration of Christopher Boone as an authentic voice generating distinctive perspectives of his journey. Christopher Boone the protagonist sufferers Asperger’s Syndrome, a condition on the autism spectrum that affects his judgment of understanding emotion and perspective. The structural style of the text follows a logical linear style mimicking Christopher’s mind. He finds it difficult to process empathy and can only understand emotion from physical…...
Hints of Autism in ‘The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Nighttime’
The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon is about Christopher Boone a fifteen-year-old boy who has autism, who tries to solve the murder mystery of Mrs. Shears poodle, Wellington. Christopher lives with his father who has been taking care of him ever since his mother left. Christopher wants to find out who killed Wellington, so he begins to write a book about his investigation. His father does not want him to investigate the death of…...
AutismAutism Spectrum DisorderDog
Special Education Resources (Annotated Bibliography)
The National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD) is an organization that is committed to making sure that all students that are classified with a learning disability will have an opportunity to graduate from high school with a diploma, prepared to go to college or the workplace. Serving millions of children, adolescents, and adults, NCLD connects parents will resources and guidance to help parent advocate for their children. They also provide programs, resources, and professional development for educators to effectively improve…...
AutismLearning DisabilitiesResourcesSpecial educationWorld Wide Web
Special children have considerably different needs depending on their health situations. Hence teaching these types of children is indeed a challenge especially to early childhood educators. Parents at first base may have a hard time accepting the fact that their children are mentally different from other children. This is the reason why the educators of such children are required to have exceptional strategic ways of assisting the special children as well. How would this problem be best resolved? How could…...
AdhdAutismCerebral PalsyNervous SystemStudent
Perceived Social Support, Coping Strategies And Hope Among Mothers Of Autistic Children
Experts estimate that there is autism in every 2-6 children out of every 1000. In India the prevalence rate of autism is 1 in 250 and 10 million people in India are currently suffering. Autism is a developmental disability marked by an impaired development in social interactions and communication (Quinn & Malone, 2000). Autism is a serious developmental disorder presenting itself at an early stage of life. Autism is defined by low social functioning, impairment in communication, and aggressive and…...
AutismChildrenHealthHopeMental HealthNervous System
Autism Spectrum Disorder – ASD
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition related to brain development that impacts how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems in social interaction and communication. The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. In 2020 the CDC determined that approximately 1 in 54 children is diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum than girls. ASD can be diagnosed by the age of two, but can still…...
Abnormal PsychologyAutismDisorderNervous SystemPsychology
Feral Children Phenomenon
Have you ever heard of feral children? They're kids who lived isolated from human contact from a very young age, and have little or no experience of human care, behavior or human language. Certain movies like the jungle book and Tarzan portray the lives of these types of children. Many people wonder about their phycology, sociology and their stories. Among those children is Marina, a lesser known "feral child". If you don't know anything about her, you may see her…...
Sherlock Holmes’ Mental Health
On a side note, Holmes have been associated with several different daignosis where the most notable would be that he is on the austism spectrum, more specifically Asperger's Syndrome. (Rayne 2018, 1) The reason why many scholars and fanatics alike diagnose him as being a suffer of Asperger's is his attention to the smallest detail and his tendency to be absorbed in his own interests (Rayne 2018, 1) which are symptoms of Asperger's. Furthermore, when it comes to recollecting Holmes…...
AutismBipolar DisorderHolmesMental HealthNervous SystemTemple Grandin
Autism as a developmental disorder
Abstract Artificial Neural networks help us to diagnose ASD and AI-assisted intervention technologies such as contemporary computer-aided systems (CAS), computer vision assisted technologies (CVAT), and virtual reality (VR) helps autistic people to communicate and learn as it is difficult for them to make communication with other human beings. To diagnose ASD in individuals, ASD tests are developed under the study of ASD Diagnosis with Artificial Neural Network. The ANN model shows an accurate diagnosis of ASD based on the evaluation…...
The LEGO Group
The LEGO Group is a private, family-run enterprise based office in Billund, Denmark and the major office is in Enfield, United States. It was established in 1932 by Ole Krik Kristiansen, he is one of the world's leading suppliers of game materials makers' dependent on the famous LEGO® brick. Lego produces, markets and sells toys and toys to a global consumer base of all ages. Products of the Company are based on its signature components, providing various buildings, including Star…...
Assessed and Supported Year in Employment
Three months has passed since starting my ASYE programme. I have spent some periods of my employment doing online training courses and practical joint visits to service users' homes and also attended various hospitals. Doing these stages during my employment has helped me work towards a good standard of care and support for my service users that I work with. Payne (2014) claims that successful introductions helps to protect staff accomplish a sufficient levels of skills to practice and to…...
Vaccines: Benefits Outweigh the Risks
Introduction The first rule of medicine is to do no harm, but how practical is nonmaleficence in modern medicine? Being in the most innovated time ever with technology and medicine that grows daily, vaccines are being held on the four fronts. Now is a time of a movement, with many believing that vaccines do not contribute to beneficence. At the top of the concern, relative autism caused by vaccination injuries seem to be the highest issue of many parents, and…...
ABSTRACTBackground Researchers previously showed that patients
ABSTRACTBackground: Researchers previously showed that patients with neurodevelopmental disorders usually suffer from lower bone mineral density with unknown etiology. Until now, there is limited information about the effects of Risperidone as atypical antipsychotic (AA) drugs on bone strength in mice with neurobehavioral disorders induced by LPS. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Risperidone on biomechanical, histological and molecular aspects of bones in mice with LPS induced neurobehavioral disorders compared to normal matched for age ones.Design/methods: Male offspring from…...
Abnormal PsychologyAutismHealthNervous SystemResearch
John and His Diseases
Endometriosis The Female Reproductive system Endometriosis Contents TOC o "1-3" h z u Case Study PAGEREF _Toc531188966 h 21.1Analysing the needs of individuals using care services. PAGEREF _Toc531188967 h 31.2Explaining the Role of the care planning process in identifying needs. PAGEREF _Toc531188968 h 41.3Explain different features of positive care practice including values and principles PAGEREF _Toc531188969 h 51.4Analyse positive care environments and evaluate how they meet needs. PAGEREF _Toc531188970 h 61.5Explain the role of legislation in promoting the positive care…...
Children with Autism in Kingston School
In this chapter the setting and rationale for choosing this specific location to implement this program will be discussed as well as the population that will benefit from this program. The methodological framework, outcome measures, data analysis methods, assumptions, limitations, supports and barriers will also be identified within this chapter. Sensitivity Training Program One occupational therapy student developed a sensitivity training program in response to recognized need from the director of a school in Kingston, Jamaica. This school provides education…...
AutismAutism Spectrum DisorderChildrenEducationSchoolTeacher
Drama Therapy For Special Needs Children
Abstract This is an assignment paper on drama as a form of psychotherapy among children with special needs.This paper discuss the history of drama therapy,steps,techniques and strategies involved in the therapy, role of a therapist, benefits to the general population and benefits to the particular group in this case children with autism.This paper also contains a personal reflection of the benefits of a drama therapy among children with autism. Keywords; drama therapy,strategies,therapist,benefits from the therapy,special needs children Background of Drama…...
AutismChildrenEmotionHealthPositive PsychologySpecial education
Just imagine your child was diagnosed of having autism. The realization of your child perhaps being autistic may be lurid. You now know that your child will be found with many challenges, and may have a severe difficulty making sense of the world. Autism is an illness that can affect your communication, socialization, intelligence, and you may act in many unusual behaviors. To try to help an autistic child is being very courageous. Having a child, who is autistic, will…...
ArgumentsAutismAutism Spectrum DisorderTemple Grandin
Psycholinguistics: Linguistics and Language Production
Psycholinguistics studies the relationship between language and mind. It studies how are language and speech acquired, produced, comprehended, and lost. Language acquisition and language dissolution happen over time or diachronically. While language production and comprehension happen at a certain point of time or synchronically. Firstly, this paper will talk about language acquisition. Children are a focus of attention and affection in all societies. They go through many stages in language acquisition such as crying, cooing, babbling, first word, birth of…...
Autism and Social Skills
Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder that ranges from mild to severe impairments in communication, social interaction, and repetitive pattern of interest. Children with autism need early social skills support to develop their social interactions and understanding. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and socialization among young children and adolescence is one of the major impairments, along with language individuals have. Social skills groups are prearranged groups with, a direct goal orientated to engage young children and adolescences with the appropriate…...
AutismAutism Spectrum DisorderSkills
Special Education Essay
Students with emotional and behavior disorders are not offered the same education as normal students. Although students with emotional and behavior disorders can be disruptive and cause problems during the educational process, they deserve the same education as all students. Most emotionally disturbed children have an inability to learn. These children have the failure to build or continue satisfactory interpersonal interaction with peers and teachers who may cause problems in the classroom. Children who are emotionally disturbed demonstrate inappropriate types…...
Introductory Awareness of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Complete write up re Autistic spectrum conditions. Include in this the difficulties that those with these conditions have and the behaviour they may exhibit. How do you support those with Autism, who else may be involved and how do you ensure effective communication with autistic people. Give actual exampls of your support where possible. Autistic spectrum conditions Autism is a developmental disability caused by neurological dysfunction. It affects the way a person understands and responds to the world, how they…...
Autism Observation Paper
Autism is a physical condition linked to abnormal biology and chemistry in the brain. Even though the causes for these abnormalities are unknown, there been a number of possible ways to have autism. For example the mothers diet while being pregnant, digestive track changes, mercury poisoning (which is one of the most well known reasonings), the body’s inability to properly use vitamins and minerals, or vaccine sensitivity. Many parents worry that giving their child a vaccine may lead up to…...
1.1 describe the types of difficulty that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have with language and other ways of communicating with others (to help you answer this question; What social difficulties might autistic people have with any communication? What verbal and non verbal difficulties might they have?) 1.2. Identify problems that individuals with an autistic spectrum condition may have in social interaction and relationships (to help you answer this question; How would the problems you looked at in 1;1 cause…...
Achievements Of The Future
I come from a family of optimists. My parents are first generation immigrants to the USA and one value they highly regard is “optimism”. They strongly believe that one can overcome any obstacle as long as they are hopeful about the future and show resiliency to stick with their dream. My father came to the USA with $500 in his pocket and a dream to go to a top business school and succeed in corporate America. Today he is president…...
Temple Grandin – Autism
Mary Temple Grandin, a girl born in 1947, barely uttered a word until she was four years old. Although she was born with Autism Spectrum Disorcer, Temple used her autistic abilities as best she could, specifically the ability to “think in pictures,” to her advantage. For example, she expounded issues that were invisible to a neurotypical person. She is now a world renowned doctor of animal science, an activist for autistic people, and a professor at Colorado State University. She first…...
AutismBody LanguageTempleTemple Grandin
Thesis paper on autism
What is autism? Autism is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. Autism causes children to experience the world differently from the way most other children do. It is hard for children with autism to talk with other people and express themselves using words. Children who have autism usually keep to themselves and many can't communicate without special help. They may also react to what is going on around them in unusual ways. Normal sounds…...
Autism Informative Speech
The roles of women and men have been very stereotypical in the past. Women were made to cook and clean, and men were made to work, and bring home money to support their families. Today, there is more of an equal division of housework. When comparing my parents to my grandparents I especially notice a difference between the amounts of cooking that is being done. Women work more than ever, men find cooking more interesting, and the stereotypes of the…...
Intellectual and social development of infants
Nature can influence a child’s intellectual development, by genetic inheritance, the child could have inherited Down syndrome, which could cause a later development with the children’s speech and language, Down syndrome can also affect the muscles for them to become weak. They can also develop behaviour issues, such as autism, stubbornness, tantrums, compulsive and obsessive disorders. Children with Down syndrome can also develop a brain disorder which can affect the memory, judgement and function in later life. Another genetic disorder…...
Analysis of Abnormal Psychology in The Rain Man
"Of course I don't have my underwear. I'm definitely not wearing my underwear.... These are not boxer shorts. Mine are boxer shorts. These are Hanes 32... My boxer shorts have my name and it says Raymond...I get my boxer shorts at K-Mart in Cincinnati". (Rain Man, 1988) This quote from the popular movie Rain Man perfectly captures the disorder that plagues Raymond Bobbitt, one of the main characters. He is a very particular man who must always do everything on…...
Abnormal PsychologyAutismAutism Spectrum DisorderPsychology
Autism and Overcoming Barriers to Communication
Unit 501 – use and develop systems that promote communication Learning outcome Be able to address the range of communication requirements in own role Review the range of groups and individuals whose communication needs must be addressed in own job role Individuals who have communication problems need support to enable them to express themselves effectively. Therefore it is vitally important in a managerial or senior role to both be aware of the individuals preferred method of communication and also to…...
AutismBarriers To CommunicationPsychology
Temple Grandin Autism Case
Human Dignity in the Catechism point of view explains that all humans resemble God’s image and presence so therefore if you attack someone you are attacking God. Human Dignity is not determined by what line of work they’re doing or by their strengths and weaknesses, but rather the persons they are. Temple Grandin was autistic which made her a weak auditory learner. Several people used this as an excuse to treat her with disrespect, and by doing so, violating her…...
Literature Review on Autism Spectrum Disorders
Abstract Autism has become an increasing subject of interest, especially to researchers and medical professionals. This increase in interest is most likely due to the fact that autism is becoming an increasing problem in children, with the number of diagnoses doubling in just a four year period. In order to discover what may cause this disorder as well as finding effective ways to treat it, people must be informed and knowledgeable about autism. The current study discusses what ASD is,…...
AutismAutism Spectrum DisorderLiteratureMenstrual Cycle
We've found 33 essay examples
Early Stages of Pregnancy
Autism comes in many forms from being relatively mild to extremely debilitating. It was first identified in 1943 and scientists have found it very hard to diagnose how a child comes to have autism. Is it a genetic disorder or an early exposure to thalidomide, a drug used for morning sickness in the early stages of pregnancy (Rodier, 2000)? What scientists have found is autism does begin in the early weeks of pregnancy at the start of brain and nervous system development (Rodier, 2000). If we could identify the biological basis of autism this would allow the possibility to create treatments for the disorder (Rodier, 2000).
After examining whether it is inherited, which would be a genetic factor, it has been discovered that it does indeed run in families. There is a 3 to 8 percent chance that siblings of people with the disorder may also be diagnosed with the same disorder (Rodier, 2000). After further examination it has been discovered that a variety of several genes can be linked to autism. There is also the environmental factor of autism, the drug thalidomide, the drug used for morning sickness. Not only do studies show a link to autism they also show a series of malformations such as stunted arms and legs, misshapen or missing ears and thumbs, and some neurological dysfunctions to the facial and eye muscles (Rodier, 2000). It has also been discovered that whether it be genetically or environmentally induced they both have the same characteristics such as abnormalities either with eye movement or facial expression or in some cases both (Rodier, 2000).
Studies have shown that autism is initiated in the early gestational period of pregnancy. Common symptoms of autism are sleep disturbances, no facial expressions, language delays, sensitivity to touch and sounds and limited social and emotional skills (Rodier, 2000). It has been discovered that autism is not a change in the forebrain but the lack of neurons in the cerebellum which is the processing center of the hindbrain which controls muscle movements (Rodier, 2000). The effect of autism includes a significant change to the brain stem. The brain stem of someone born with autism is shorter than someone without. The main factor that scientists agree on is that whether it is genetic or environmental, the changes happen very early in gestation (Rodier, 2000). Scientists remain confused about autism because the symptoms revolving around it are so complex (Rodier, 2000).
Early Diagnosis Issues
With 1 in 68 children exhibiting behaviors that are common with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) it is of utmost importance to diagnose it as early as possible. This is becoming a challenge in child psychiatry since most children aren’t diagnosed in the United States until they are 4 years old or older (Shen & Piven, 2017). Many behaviors associated with ASD are not usually seen in the first 2 years of childhood. Although these behaviors aren’t typically seen until the age of 2 it has become important to try and identify markers in siblings that have already been diagnosed with ASD (Shen & Piven, 2017). This brings about the “infant sibling” study design which suggests that if an older sibling has ASD there is a 20% reoccurrence rate in younger siblings. It also shows that subsequent siblings have a 15-20-fold greater risk of developing ASD (Shen & Piven, 2017).
Need for Early Detection
Early detection is necessary if we are to help children suffering from ASD. Knowing what behavioral markers to look for will ensure the best possible outcome for children with ASD and their families. Of the infant sibling studies done, many indicate that the social behavior of a 6-month-old is normal and begins to emerge over the first 2 to 3 years of life (Shen & Piven, 2017). During the sibling infant studies, behavioral markers have not been significant enough to show sensitive or specific information before the age of 12 months (Shen & Piven, 2017). Unfortunately, child psychiatrists don’t initiate treatment for autism until a child has been fully diagnosed with the disorder. Studies have shown that the earlier detection for autism the more effective treatment will be. Therefore, there is a need for early detection of ASD in infancy (Shen & Piven, 2017).
There are many clinical and ethical implications that warrant consideration when trying to diagnose children under the age of 12 months with ASD. First there is no concrete evidence that neuroimaging in infancy will replace a physician’s diagnosis, it may only serve as a tool for higher risk infants (Shen & Piven, 2017). Second, most children do not fully show signs of ASD until later in childhood usually after 24 months of age. Lastly, the most important thing is to be mindful of the parental and social effects of an early diagnosis. There is much more work that lies ahead in the field of autism, “the development and validation of biomarkers for ASD will help move the field of psychiatry toward its aspiration of precision medicine, in order to determine the best treatment, at the optimal time” (Shen & Piven, 2017).
Inclusion in Classrooms With Typically Developing Peers
Young children with disabilities are now being included in regular classrooms with typically developing peers including those children with ASD (Hart & Whalon, 2012). The challenge that lies ahead for educators is determining if a child with ASD is misbehaving or hasn’t yet been diagnosed with ASD. Recognizing the behaviors that are associated with ASD are important. The way children with ASD communicate are associated with their behavior and oftentimes may be “inappropriate” (Hart & Whalon, 2012). Conducting ongoing assessments of children can key into why a child might be exhibiting certain behaviors and give insight to whether those behaviors could be associated with ASD (Hart & Whalon, 2012).
Social communication in an inclusive setting is important for children with ASD, according to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Educators need to be well informed on current practices that can improve social communication with children who have been diagnosed with ASD (Hart & Whalon, 2012). Despite the importance of implementing developmentally appropriate practices for children with ASD, evidence has shown many early childhood educators report using them infrequently. Many reasons surrounding the limited use of these practices is because typical diverse early childhood classrooms are not targeted for research (Hart & Whalon, 2012).
Importance of Early Skill Development
Ongoing research has found that the early childhood years are critical for children, with or without ASD, in developing their social skills. Therefore, it is important to have plenty of opportunities for children with ASD and other disabilities to learn in a classroom with typically developing peers. Educators need to be proactive and able to create intentional learning opportunities for all students in their classrooms. Teachers can help students with ASD communicate by using peer-mediated instruction, scripts, and providing choices (Hart & Whalon, 2012). Research has also shown that both socially and academically students with ASD and any other disability have increased social competence, positive academic outcomes, and overall improved quality of life when taught in an inclusive classroom setting (Hart & Whalon, 2012).