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Earth, a beautiful planet fill with various animals and plants. Clean air for living things to breath and an amazing assortment of nature for all to share. It is our responsibility to pass down this gift of nature intact to the future generation. We should take care of the environment by not polluting it. Clean technologies should be utilised to improve better living and not pollute the Earth. The common pollution that we see everyday is air, land and water pollution.
Water pollution is caused by chemicals and water that were dumped into the river, lake and sea. The polluted water will slowly kills all the fishes, plants and animals which drinks the water. Eventually, human will be affected too as there won’t be clean water to drink and fishes or sea food as food. Humans can also get diseases from contaminated water or seafood that comes from polluted water.
Today, the problem of environmental protection is one of the major global problems that threaten to the survival of the mankind and numerous species inhabiting the Earth.
In such a situation, the use of fossil fuels is the major cause of the environmental pollution. Therefore, the introduction of alternative fuels can reduce consistently the pollution and, thus, improve the environmental situation worldwide.
Modern industries and transport cannot function normally without the use of fossil fuels since there are no alternatives that can totally substitute them at the moment. At the same time, fossil fuels are the major source of the pollution of the environment because the use of fossil fuels leads to the emission of CO2 and other gases and dangerous elements that pollute air and environment at large.
Consequently, the more people use fossil fuels the more they pollute their environment. Hence, the only logical solution of the problem of the protection of the environment is the minimization of the use of fossil fuels and the total ban of the use of these fuels. But this measure will need the use of alternative fuels and sources of energy.
Among the variety of existing alternative fuels, it is worth mentioning the solar energy which could transform the solar power and generate electricity. Also, it is possible to use the wind power as a source of energy. Basically, the wind power may be used to generate electricity similarly to the solar power, but it also has its own limitations because it is dependent on the environmental situation, i.e. on the wind.
It is important to stress that the aforementioned alternative sources are harmless to the environment and are renewable sources of energy. Hence, they can be an efficient solution of the problem of the environmental protection.
Pollution is when something is added to the environment that is harmful or poisonous to living things. Smoke in the air from factories is a type of pollution as it is bad for the lungs when breathed in. Sewage in drinking water is another type of pollution, as it can make people ill because it contains germs andviruses. People living next to a building site where there is too much noise can become sick as they cannot sleep orrelax. This is called noise pollution.Air pollution is caused by harmful gases such as carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide,nitrogen dioxide carbon monoxide and very small particles of carbon. Most of the pollution is caused by factories, vehicles and livestock. Today air pollution has become dangerous to humans. Heavy air pollution may causebreathing problems such as asthma or other health problems.Increase in human activities has also polluted air. Water pollution is the presence of harmful materials in water, such assewage, dissolved metals, waste fromfarms and factories and crude oil spilled from shipwrecked tankers. The three main substances that pollute water arenitrates from fertilisers, sewage anddetergents. Pollution hey causes harm to organisms living in water and can also harm people’s health, and can cause problems such as cancer.
The harmful noises in the environment, such as the sound of vehicles, loud speakers, etc. in a city is called noise pollution. Noise pollution can cause ear problems or even permanent deafness, especially to older people. Noise pollution can be defined as the unwanted sound present in the atmosphere.
Soil pollution pertains to the contamination of the soil due to man-made chemicals such as hydrocarbons, heavy metals, solvents, and the like. These chemicals come mainly from industrial activities, and also from improper waste disposal. Soil pollution poses various health risks, as the chemicals can produce harmful vapors, or they can contaminate the water supplies located directly under the polluted soil.
Gases and chemicals released by factories and cars will eventually produced acid rain. The acidic rain causes buildings to decay, damages trees and many other human-made structures. Air pollution will also cause breathing difficulties in humans, lung cancer and worsen asthma. Deforestation due to the rapid increase of population and industrialization will seriously damage Earth. By excessive cutting of trees, the earth will slowly lose its cover which leads to soil erosion, worsening greenhouse effect and global warming. We should all wake up and realised that we need to pollute less and take care of mother nature, otherwise it will be too late to save the environment.
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