Morality is the intentions, decisions and actions between a good choice and a bad choice. Morality is the concerns beliefs according to good and bad behavior. Morality is something every single person has weather they are a good person of character or a bad person of character. According to philosophy ethics is morality. Ethics is a moral code the study of morality using tools and methods of philosophy. A moral is what you are taught and practiced. Some of the things we are taught and practice are right and wrong, good and bad.
Although ethics are morals; there are different types of ethics that go with the use of morality. Descriptive ethics, normative ethics, Meta ethics, applied ethics, and bio ethics. Descriptive ethics is the methodology of science within the study of morality; peoples beliefs on morality. It helps to decided what people think is right. Normative ethics is justification of the moral standards of norms; the ideal way people should act. The justification of basic moral beliefs is called Meta ethics. Meta ethics helps to define what is “right”.
Applied ethics are concepts and norms that are used to resolve practical moral issues. Applied ethics tell us how do we take moral knowledge and put it into practice. Ethics that are focused on health care, medical science and medical technology are called bio ethics. Morality is the behavior as it is affect by these moral principles. Moral principles are personal conduct that is accepted by individuals or social groups. There four different types of moral principles; autonomy, beneficence, utility and justice.
One of the types of moral principles are autonomy is the basis for determining moral responsibility for your own actions. Autonomy is referred to self-government of people. An example of autonomy is being able to direct one’s life and choose for them. Beneficence is doing the good thing for others without doing harm to them. Beneficence is understood to be the first principle of morality. It is to do well to others but avoid the bad that can come. The next moral principle plays a big part of creation and revaluation of health policies of institutions and society, this is called utility.
Utility increases happiness and decreases suffering. Lastly is justice this is a concept based on ethics, law, religion and fairness. It is the right to protect people from basis discrimination of race gender sexual orientation age and ethnicity. In my opinion moral principles should be an absolute consideration and not subjected to compromise; although they are subjected to compromise. Autonomy is to direct one’s life and chose for themselves, although some people are dependent on others and let others make decisions for them, it should be their own choice.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 23 November 2016
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