Download paper

Defence the planet and the human welfare

Categories: Human

INTRODUCTION

The whole humankind or human beings collectively now has the ability to maintain the environment and its resources at a certain level through different developments, so that the upcoming future generations will not be exposed to a dangerous environment with limited resources.

ZERO HUNGER

The motive behind the goal is to fight hunger and poverty once and for all, while defending the planet for sustainability. The goal has its own needs and policies that must be complied with which some might require cooperation from governance states and different sectors of the economy.

Its policies seek to meet the needs of all humanity by providing food security and improved nutrition.

ELABORATE ON SOUTH AFRICA’S PROGRESS IN TERMS OF ACHIEVING THAT SPECIFIC GOAL.

There are root causes to the above-mentioned goal that are preventing progress or transformation that we seek. The root causes are poverty, inequality, violence, conflicts, diseases, climate change, food prices and food shortages.

Poverty out of those mentioned above is the main cause of hunger as many people don’t have land for agricultural purposes: subsistence farming, or don’t have enough money to buy everyday food or can’t afford basic, staple food.

POLICY STRATEGIC RESPONSES FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES IN SOUTH AFRICA

Government Outlets

The strategy ensures that the prices of food products from certain buyer’s markets are fair for the public. Also make the food basket to be accessible to the rural communities that it is economically fair, the environmental impacts are reduced and respectful to the natural resources from the environment.

Top Experts
Marian
Verified expert
4.8 (309)
Karrie
Verified expert
5 (339)
Belle
Verified expert
4.7 (657)
hire verified expert

Providing food through the coupon system that is free food to the poor and people exposed to hunger.

Optimization of land and agrarian reform contributions to economic empowerment of the vulnerable groups

Government food purchase programme

A law that strictly force government departments and entities to support subsistence farmers by buying at least 35% of what they produced rather than spending all the money in big commercial farmers. This initiative in one way or another decreases hunger to the small unrecognised subsistence farmers whom if the law didn’t exist wouldn’t benefit as big markets wouldn’t buy from them but only support the big commercial farmers.

Subsistence/small holder producers

The policies allow unemployed people or anyone with a small plot of land to start growing subsistent crops and cash crops that rely on family members as part of the labour to make a living and eradicate hunger and food insecurity.

Establishment of food insecurity information system

This are systems that the government created to acquire data of availability, access, utilization and stability of food security status of different households and then assist them in various ways possible in terms of food coupons.

Grants

They differ in categories, there is Child Support Grant, Older Person’s Grant and Disability Grant.

OTHER STRATEGIES FROM OTHER DEPARTMENTS IN SOUTH AFRICA

Identifying food insecure communities, through knowledge and integrated built systems and then provide updates to funders and volunteering organisations that are willing to help in the best possible ways.

They are aiming or at a stage where South Africa can produce efficiently and sufficiently in abundance so that the domestic market does not strain from farmers who does not want to sell around the country but whom are willing to export to the international countries with buying power. At the expense of food security.

They are achieving the goal by improving the entry levels of smallholder farmers and giving them space and opportunities to make a living and introducing them into commercial agriculture and then grow their business without competition from the pioneer commercial industries or farmers affecting them adversely in one way or another.

Advising those people who has access to full agricultural land to utilize it in a beneficial way that would result in a boost in reducing hunger and food insecurity in different households.

Finding ways on how to promote different crops and livestock from the agricultural view so that they have a nutritional diet and avoid planting same crops every time or crops that are not nutritional, so experts in this departments are hired to help promote relevant and important crops to plant for the benefit of their nutritional well-being.

Finding alternative ways on how to help the rural poor people whom are exposed to hunger and food insecurity due to natural disasters like droughts, climate changes, unemployment and diseases that affect them or diseases that usually affect the crops and livestock.

As we are living in the Fourth Industrial Revolution, different policies allows for technical companies to come up with initiatives that would result in quick production and alternative ways to deal with crops that have got short live spans so that farmers don’t benefit only for a short period of time but they do benefit for a long period of time or they are in it for the long run.

WHICH LESSONS CAN BE LEARNED FROM INTERNATIONAL COUNTRIES, HOW DID THEY REACH THIS SPECIFIC GOAL?

WHICH LESSONS CAN BE LEARNED FROM INTERNATIONAL COUNTRIES?

The international countries prioritise food over trade as the world is divided into rich and poor countries, but the question is why are there poor countries with so many hungry people and rich countries with so little hungry people? And why so many poor hungry people can grow food in abundance on the land they own? Our country has got so many hungry people but again export food to countries with people who are already well fed, prioritising trade over food. The lesson behind this is that some international countries don’t prioritise trade over food, they feed their people first then trade the remains.

The second lesson is that disasters, be it natural or in other forms should not be used as an excuse to why they don’t meet the goal of reducing hunger to zero. For there might be drought in a certain country which lead to reduced food production from the agricultural department affecting commercial and subsistence farmers thus affecting the zero-hunger goal.

The third lesson is that progress can be fragile unless it is promoted or constantly supported, as it is not enough to see or implement alternative methods that will bring progress or gains for a limited period, then after the timeframe the gains unravels. There should be much greater investments to support vulnerable households prone to hunger and food insecurity and these investments should also offer protection to current assets and income while also allowing for sustainable developments and sustainable use for future income flows.

The last one is that there are too many countries being left behind. Lacking geopolitical resonance and some facing few major crises that affect the human welfare. There should also be clearness in how donors and international agencies prioritize their aid resources.

HOW DID THEY REACH THIS SPECIFIC GOAL?

The international countries promote and prioritise sustainable agriculture so that they can eradicate hunger and food security by first providing for their people and own based markets and industries.

Factors that promote threats in one way or another to child sustainability and the main goal which is zero hunger are reduced to the minimum so that progress wont stall. Some of the factors include increase in population growth due to high birth rates, large number of people from the population being unemployed and lastly age dependency.

The policies behind the aim of achieving zero hunger, the organisations that provide funding and different levels of governance strictly make sure that children from their early upgrowing stages are not robbed of food with good nutrition, better schools than average with a good learning environment and child protection.

The relevant institutions and organisations that are the ones monitoring these goals are supervised on a timely basis so that progress is being made and if there is no progress recruitments are done to yield the expected results to achieve the relevant goal, they are then backed up by appropriate legislative laws, policies and funders to make sure that the goal is achieved and a success.

All individuals are strictly involved in child sustainability as the correct upbringing of a child is the best way to fight food insecurity like if the mind is right, correct mentality and the kids are not exposed to hunger in early stages of life then they will contribute to the development of the nation as hunger will be tackled from infancy stages.

References

  1. Aliber, M., 2009. Exploring Statistics South Africa’s National Household Surveys as sources of information about household-level food security. Agrekon Vol. 48:4
  2. Aliber, M. & Hart, T.G.B., 2009. Should subsistence agriculture be supported as a strategy to address rural food insecurity? Agrekon Vol. 48:4
  3. Altman, T. G. B., & Jacobs P. T., 2009. Household food security status in South Africa.Agrekon Vol. 48:4
  4. Baiphethi, M. N. & Jacobs, P. J., 2009. The contribution of subsistence farming to food security in South Africa. Agrekon Vol. 48:4
  5. Demetre L, Yul D, Zandile M., (2009), The assessment of food insecurity in South Africa, [Online] Available at www.hsrc.ac.za [Assessed:2010-09-01]
  6. Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries. The integrated Food Security Strategy for South Africa (2002), [online] Accessed from www.daff.gov.za [Accessed: 2010-09-05]
  7. Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Organisational structure (2009), [online] Accessed from www.daff.gov.za [Accessed: 2010-09-04]
  8. Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries; Directorate: Food Security, Strategic outlook (2010 – 2015).
  9. Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Draft production strategy.
  10. Ajegi,S.O.(2002)’ The affluence of poverty: a critical Evaluation of Nigeria’s poverty Reduction Program’ journal of economic and Social Research 1(1)60-63.
  11. Anderson, S.A. (1990) The 1990 Life Science Research Office (LSRO)Report on Nutritional assessment Defined terms associated with food access. Core indicators of nutritional state for difficult to sample populations. Journal of Nutrition, 102,1559-1660.
  12. Arora, C. (2009) child Health ABD Publisher, Jaipur, India.
  13. FAO (2003) World Agriculture: Towards 2015/2030.An FAO Perspective org/decrep/005/y4252e/y4252e00.htm (Accessed 30/1/2018).
  14. Global Goals (2018) Goal 1: No Poverty www.globalgoals.org/global-global-goals-no-poverty/(accessed 20/1/2018).
  15. doko, C.V., Ibrahim, Y. and Emmanuel, A. (2015) ‘Fighting Poverty and Hunger in Nigeria for Sustainable Economic Development’ International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management111(3) *
  16. Osinubi, T.S. (2015) ‘Macro-metric analysis of Growth: Unemployment and Poverty in Nigeria ‘Pakistan Economic and Social Review431(2),249-269
  17. Alderman, H. and L. Christiansen. 2001. Child Malnutrition in Ethiopia: Can Maternal Knowledge Augment the Role of Income? World Bank. Africa Region Working Paper Series No.22. Washington D.C., USA.
  18. Appleton, S. and L. Song. 1999. Income and Human Development at the Household Level: Evidence from Six Countries. World Development Report 2000/2001 Background Paper. University of Nottingham.
  19. Bourguignon, F. 2003. The Growth Elasticity of Poverty Reduction: Explaining Heterogeneity Across Countries and Time Periods. In T. Eicher and S. Turnovsky (eds.) Inequality and growth. Theory and Policy Implications. The MIT Press, Cambridge.
  20. Chakravarty, S.R. 2003. A Generalized Human Development Index. Review of Development Economics 7 (1) (p.99-114).
  21. Chen, S. and M. Ravallion. 2004. How Have the World’s Poorest Fared Since the Early 1980s? World Bank. Policy Research Working Paper No.3341. Washington D.C., USA.
  22. Chhabra R. and C. Rokx. 2004. The Nutrition MDG Indicator – Interpreting Progress. World Bank. Washington D.C., USA.
  23. CPRC (Chronic Poverty Research Centre). 2004. Chronic Poverty Report 2004-05. Manchester, UK.
  24. Deaton, A. 2003. How to Monitor Millennium Development Goals. Journal of Human Development 4(3) (p.353-378).
  25. Desai, M. 1991. Human Development, Concepts and Measurement. European Economic Review 35 (p.350-357).
  26. De Ferranti, D., Perry, G., Ferreira, F. and M. Walton. 2003. Inequality in Latin America: Breaking with History? World Bank. Washington D.C., USA.
  27. Dfid (Department for International Development). 2002. Eliminating Hunger: Strategy for Achieving the Millennium Development Goal on Hunger. Government of the United Kingdom, London.
  28. Dollar, D. and A. Kraay. 2001. Growth is Good for the Poor. World Bank. Washington D.C., USA.
  29. Robert, W., Thomas M. and Anthony A. 2005. What is sustainable development? goals, indicators, values, and practice. Volume 47, Number 3, Pages 8-21
  30. Sanchez, P., et al., 2005. Halving hunger: It can be done. UN Millennium Project, Task Force on Hunger. Earthscan Publications, London.
  31. Clemens, M.A., Kenny, C. and Moss, T.J., 2007. The trouble with the MDGs: Confronting expectations of aid and development success. World Development, 35(5), pp. 735-751.
  32. Lobell, D., et al., 2008. Prioritizing climate change adaptation needs for food security. Science, 319, pp. 607-610.
  33. ‘Fighting malnutrition to save lives’, UNICEF,
  34. ‘World population prospects: The 2010 revision’, United Nations, 2011, www.esa.un.org.
  35. Gillespie, S. and Haddad, L., 2001. Attacking the double burden of malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific. ADB Nutrition and Development Series No. 4. Asian Development Bank (ADB) and International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Manila and Washington, D.C.
  36. Benson, T., ‘Africa’s food and nutrition security situation: Where are we and how did we get here?’, International Food Policy Research Institute 2020 Discussion Paper, 2004.
  37. ‘Food and Agriculture Organisation Policy Brief on Food Security, Issue 2’, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, June 2006, www.fao.org.
  38. Fosu, A.K., 2009. Inequality and the impact of growth on poverty: Comparative evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Development Studies, 45(5), pp. 726-45.
  39. Gillespie, S. and Kadiyala S., 2005. HIV/AIDS and food and nutrition security from evidence to action. Policy Review 7, International Food Policy Research Institute: Washington, D.C.
  40. De Onis, M., Blossner, M. and Borghi, M., ‘Prevalence and trends of stunting among pre-school children – 1990-2020’, World Health Organisation, 2011,
  41. ‘Executive brief of FAO on Sahel crisis’, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, July 2012,
  42. ‘Vitamin and mineral deficiency: A global damage assessment report’, UNICEF and MI (United Nations Children’s Fund and the Micronutrient Initiative), New York and Ottawa, 2004,
  43. De Cock, N., D’Haese, M., Vink, N. et al. Food Sec. (2013) 5: 269. COVER PAGE / ANTI-PLAGIARISM DECLARATION

Cite this page

Defence the planet and the human welfare. (2019, Nov 26). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/defence-the-planet-and-the-human-welfare-essay

Are You on a Short Deadline? Let a Professional Expert Help You
HELP ME WITH WRITING