Martin Luther King, Jr. is s renowned civil right activities in the history of the United States. He was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta Georgia. Martin was born son to the famous Reverend Martin Luther King, Sr. and his mother was Alberta Williams King. Initially he was named Michael King, Jr. but when the family visited Europe in 1934 which took them to Germany, his father decided to change their names to Martin in order to honor Martin Luther who was a German Protestant.
King had an older sister Willie christen born in 1927 and also a younger brother Alfred Daniel born in 1930. His family was a Christian family and therefore in his early life, King was very active in the church affair. He sang in the church choir at the 1939 premiere which was produced with the movie Gone with the wind.
He joined Morehouse College by the time he was fifteen years but he skipped the ninth and the twelfth high school grades which means he left the school without formal graduation.
However he had a vision in education and he continued in the same school where he graduated from the Morehouse with a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology in 1948. He then enrolled in Crozer Theological Seminary where he graduated with a Bachelor of Divinity in 1951.
He immediately began his doctoral studies specializing in Systematic theology in Boston University where he received a Doctor of Philosophy in 1955. Although a 1980s inquiry into his work found out that some of portions of his work were plagiarized, King’s dissertation is still considered as a one of the most important work in his academic scholarship.
It still makes an intelligent contribution to the scholarly world.
In 1953 he married Coretta Scott on her mother’s house lawn and was blessed with four children including Yolanda Denise King, Martin Luther III, Dexter Scott, and Bernice Albertine. At the age of 25 he became a pastor in 1954 in Montgomery, Alabama. He became the youngest pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist church.
Before he died, martin Luther king is credited with having made a historical mark in the life of American people. He helped to organize the Southern Christian Leadership Conferences in 1957 and the Montgomery Bus boycott of 1955. He is also famed to this “I have a Dream” speech which was delivered on the match on Washington. He has been established as one of the greatest orator in the history of the US.
He was assassinated on 1968 when he had visited Memphis in Tennessee where he had gone to show solidarity with the Black sanitary public works employees who were on strike. After delivering as speech on “I have been to the mountaintop”, he was shot in his room on April 4 1968 while standing on a balcony. He was honored with a noble prize posthumously in 2004.
Analysis of historical contribution of Martin Luther King Jr
Martin Luther made a history contribution in his life. As a Baptist he became involved in civil right movements during his early days in his pastoral career. He became the youngest person to receive the Noble Peace Prize owing to his work on segregation and racial discrimination by articulating for civil disobedience and the use of other non-violent means. He took a religious stance in his approach to many issues affecting the American people. At the time of his death he had vowed to focus his efforts on eliminating poverty and opposition to the Vietnam War where he took a religious approach to the issues.
King was influenced to civil rights activism by many people including Thurman who was a civil rights leader and a theologian, Gandhi and Rustin who advocated for civil rights through non-violent means, and many others.
One of his greatest achievements was the Montgomery Bus Boycott which took place in 1955-56. This was a boycott that was aimed at eliminating racial segregation after a black woman Rosa Parks was arrested when she refused to comply with Jim Crow Law which required her to give her seat to a white man. King led the boycott which lasted for about 385 days and which saw the end of racial segregation on the Montgomery public bus.
King was also very instrumental in founding the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in 1957. This group was created in order to harness the moral authority of the church which led to organizing of the power of black churches and conducted non-violent protests calling for civil rights reforms. King was the leader of the organization till he died. King was an adherent of civil disobedience through the use of non-violent means. He organized several protests that called for equal rights among the blacks and ht white. His efforts convinced the whole America that civil right movement was the right vehicle that could bring equity among all races in the great nation.
Not even the efforts of the FBI to thwart his effort on accusation of being used by communists deterred his work. The marches organized by King eventually led to the recognition of the right of blacks with the passage of the Civil Right Act of 1964 and the Voting Right Acts of 1965. He is credited with having organized a successful march on Washington in 1963 which was aimed at expressing the job and freedom conditions of the black in the South. It is during this match that he delivered his famous speech “I have a Dream” which gave hope to the black community of a good future life. Throughout his life, King made great contribution to the cause of humanity.
Kirk, J. (2005). Martin Luther King Jr. London; Pearson Longman
Nick, K. (2005). Judgment days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr and the laws that changed America. Houghton Mifflin Book
William, P. (2003). An act of state: The execution of Martin Luther King. Mercer University Press
 Kirk, J. (2005). Martin Luther King Jr. London; Pearson Longman
 William, P. (2003). An act of state: The execution of Martin Luther King. Mercer University Press
 Nick, K. (2005). Judgment days: Lyndon Baines Johnson, Martin Luther King Jr and the laws that changed America. Houghton Mifflin Book