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The origins of badminton can be traced back thousands of years though it was not formalised into the game we know today until the 19th century. Badminton takes its name from Badminton House – home of the Duke of Beaufort in the English county of Gloucestershire. Though the estate is now better known for horse trials and hunting, it is credited as the formal birthplace of the racquet sport.
But badminton’s roots date back thousands of years. Sports played with a shuttlecock and racquets probably developed in ancient Greece around 2000 years ago but are also mentioned in India and China.
In England a children’s game known as “battledore and shuttlecock” in which players used a paddle – a battledore – to keep a small feathered cork – a shuttlecock – in the air as long as possible – was popular from medieval times.
In the 17th century, Battledore or Jeu de Volant was an upper class pastime in many European countries. Versions of the game had been played for centuries by children in the Far East, and were adapted by British Army officers stationed in Pune (or Poona), India in the 1860s.
They added a net and the game became a competitive sport called “poona”, with documented rules in 1867.
In 1873 the sport made its way back to England and gained its current title after guests at a Badminton House lawn party held by the Duke of Beaufort introduced it to their friends as “the Badminton game”. It was credit to its popularity that in 1877 the first sets of written rules were laid out by the Bath Badminton Club.
A national organising body followed 16 years later with the setting up of the Badminton Federation of England, which in 1899 held the first All England Championships.
Badminton’s popularity grew dramatically in the 20th century and it soon became a major racquet sport worldwide with the establishment of the International Badminton Federation in 1934. From nine founding members, the IBF now numbers 149 associate members, from Aruba to Zambia. Having been a demonstration and exhibition sport in 1972 and 1988 respectively, the sport was finally granted Olympic status for the 1992 Barcelona Games. Indonesia dominated that first Olympics, winning gold in each of the four disciplines, the country’s first in Games history, and seven medals in total.
Badminton is the world’s fastest racket sport with shuttles hitting the 200mph mark.Specificity- The type of training that you do should be specific to you and your sport. You should train the energy system which you use mainly. For example don’t run 5,000 meters in training if you’re a sprinter. Progression- The process of increasing the intensity, duration, frequency, or amount of activity or exercise as the body adapts to a given activity. Recovery- Rest is required in order for the body to recover from the training and to allow adaptation to take place. The longer and more intense the activity, the longer the rest needed.
Reversibility- Recovery sessions may not necessarily mean complete rest. Periods of lower intensity activity will allow the body to adapt without increasing the stress placed on it. These periods are excellent opportunities for work on technique and tactics. Overload- Overload is when the body is worked more than usual to reach the extra workload must meet the maximum of your training.
My Personal Exercise Program My aim by the end of my six week trainin programme is to improve the strength in my arms as well as my general fitness particularly my cardiovascular fitness. This is due to the fact that I play badminton and I feel it would benefit me if I was fitter and my arms were more muscular to enable me to get more power in my shots. I currently play badminton twice a week, football twice a week as well as doing P.E twice a week but I feel I can push myself to do more which would benefit me in the long run. In P.E we cover several sports including football and badminton.
We also do fitness which involves circuit training, interval training and continuous training. Circuit training means going quickly from one exercise apparatus to another and doing a prescribed number of exercises or time on each apparatus, keeps pulse rate high. Interval training means to alternate between brief periods of lower and higher intensity levels during a workout it is a method used to maximize cardiovascular endurance. Continuous training is where a person trains using 70%-85% of their energy for a long period of time. This method is good for long distance runners and joggers as well as tennis players etc; because it means that their endurance levels will increase.
To achieve my aim I will be doing weight training as well as fitness training. I will be doing this in the gym for 1 hour 30 minutes a week on a Wednesday. I will do this by starting off with light weights and doing lots of sets and reps and then pushing on to do my maximum with fewer reps and sets. This will improve both my muscular strength and my muscular endurance. I will be doing this to work on my legs as well as my arms. I am going to improve my cardiovascular fitness by using the cardiovascular machines such as the treadmill and the exercise bike. I will progress by working for longer periods of time as well as increasing the intensity for example running faster on the treadmill and pedalling on a high level on the exercise bike.
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