Biomechanics in Badminton

A crucial element in trying to enhance and best ones sporting abilities is to comprehend the biomechanics that are included. Biomechanics is the study of how the body relocations and the efficiency of movements (INCLUDE BOOK REFRENCE). By understanding the principles underpinning an athlete’s performance utilizing biomechanics, it allows you to identify mistakes much easier in the method and change the professional athletes’ efficiency accordingly. Excellent morning my name is Melyssa and today I will be evaluating the footage of a smash tape-recorded from a game of badminton.

Badminton is a game with rackets in which a shuttlecock is hit back and forth throughout a web (Random Home Dictionary, 2014). I will recognize both the strengths and weaknesses of this shot and using biomechanical terms, justify possible modifications that might potentially be made in order to improve the professional athletes ability.


Biomechanics is an useful tool used when evaluating an athlete’s performance. It is defined as the study of the mechanical laws connecting to the motion or structure of living organisms (Random House Dictionary, 2014).

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The biomechanical principles that will be talked about in this presentation are stability, balance, summation of forces, and projectile motion. They pin point the strengths and/or weaknesses of the player to assist the players to improve their performance.


The goal of a smash in a game of badminton is to produce a quick downwards shot, aimed at the challengers’ court resulting in an instant point. After evaluating my badminton smash and comparing it to expert, my strengths and weak points are clear.

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The video shows that the professional athlete effectively moves to place themselves under the shuttlecock and successfully used their front arm to balance the racquet arm. Although, the athlete stopped working to perform certain subroutines that are essential in order to carry out a successful smash. The professional athlete also fails to place their body side on to the internet and rather stays dealing with forwards. This affects the force behind the shot and results in a lowered projectile motion of the shuttlecock. The very first weakness recognized in the video remains in relation to the professional athletes balance as an outcome of an incorrect centre of gravity.

Having a correct centre of gravity is a very important aspect of the badminton shot as it can lead to incorrect levers and result in an incorrect trajectory of the shuttle, resulting in a failed smash. The athlete should have their body mass spread evenly, allowing for the best possible centre of gravity. The base of support should be wide, to enable for maximum balance. Your centre of gravity will change when you stretch up into the air to hit the shuttle. The video shows that the athlete fails to position their weight on their back foot when positioning themselves for the smash, resulting in an inadequate base of support. This can ultimately affects their balance and has a negative effect on their overall smash.


Another weakness in the athletes smash is their failure to successfully extend their arm to maximum length when making contact with the shuttle. This impacts their performance by restricting the amount of projectile motion used in the shot. Projectile motion refers to when A projectile object upon which the only force is gravity (physics classroom, 2008). Two major components of projectile motion include angle and height of release. By bending your arm during the smash it limits the athletes’ height of release, as this escalates its peak angle of release declines. This causes…. This is evident in the images shown. In order to complete a successful badminton smash, the height of release needs to be considered, when formulating the angle of release, as when the height increases the angle of release decrease.

This is because it requires the athlete to stretch and jump in order to hit the shuttle from a higher point, resulting in a decreased angle. This means her smash does not… what the video shows…. Their arm was also bent when making contact, resulting in a loss of force due to failing to straighten their arm, affecting the angle of release and again the amount of force put behind their shot. The angle of which the racquet makes contact with the shuttle cock, will determine the angle of release and therefore the height and distance it will travel. With force summation, the shuttle cock will receive a certain amount of speed upon release. The greater the force used in the shot, the greater the speed or release will be. The follow through will also help to determine the final path it will travel. If the athlete hits the shuttle cock higher in the air and angles it downward it will go downwards.

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Biomechanics in Badminton. (2016, Mar 09). Retrieved from

Biomechanics in Badminton

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