Six basic principles build our Constitution and is the backbone of our government. Popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, judicial review, and federalism all play major roles; from protecting our rights, to creating an equal balance of power in our government. Without these principles our Constitution and country as a whole would be different. Popular sovereignty means the government can govern only with the consent of the governed. In essence, this means that all political power resides with the people, so we are the source for all governmental power.
An example of this is the United States government itself. We as citizens of our country allow ourselves to be governed by our government because of our similar beliefs culture. Limited government means that no government is all-powerful, and that a government may do only those things that the people have given it the power to do. This ties in to popular sovereignty because they are both kept under control by the people.
An example of this is that members of government are not above law and must obey it themselves.
The American government is separated into three branches: executive, judicial, and legislative. This is what creates the separation of powers because each of them is equally divided with power. However none of them have absolute power or complete authority over each other because they are all tied together through checks and balances. This means each branch is subject to restraints by the others, so one branch will always be able to check the actions of the other two.
This ensures that no branch of government gains absolute power over the other two.
The judicial review means that the courts have the power to determine the government’s actions to be constitutional or unconstitutional. This relates to the system of checks and balances in that the court limits the government’s power by being able to judge its actions so that the government does not have absolute power. Federalism is the division of power between the national and local government. This allows the state governments to create their own constitutions and laws. Federalism also grants the national and local governments their exclusive powers but also shared powers as well.
This ensures a divided power between the governments but the national government will always have more power than the state governments. The six basic principles proves that the U. S. government can be strong yet fair. It ensures that the government is lead by the people ensuring that we do not turn into a totalitarian or communist state. This makes us as a country very lucky because it gives its citizens the freedom and rights where in other countries do not have. These six basic principles ensure the citizens the right of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.