Logic is the foundation upon which our lives depend. Each of us, moments after birth, begin our journey exploring the world around us in search of what’s real, or safe, or fun, or comfortable – a quest to sort out sense from nonsense. These skills expand as we grow, for understanding what’s real and learning how to extrapolate from what little we know as babies, are the fundamental tools of survival. We learn that reaching for an object and retrieving it gets us something we want.
From this one concept we begin to develop our own logical model of the world around us. When we can reach a cup, we experiment with that cup. At first we can only feel it, then we may learn to move it and then one wondrous day we learn how to push it off the tray on to the floor and gleefully watch all the excitement that accompanies flying cup of liquid.
As adults, we generally fail to share the wonderment, while cleaning up the experiment, but this is where the magic begins.
No one has explained logic to us, but by trial and error, and fascinating experimentation we began to know how the real world works. Logic takes care of itself; we only need to look and see how it does it.
Once we’ve mastered the art of spilling our milk, we inherently understand that the same thing is possible with orange juice, crackers, and baby food. Although we are Iar too young to understand the concept of logic as a means of assessing what works and what doesn’t, we are fast becoming masters of basic cause and effect and inductive reasoning.
We don’t even know what gravity is, but we’ve discovered a most peculiar logical postulate: Whacking the cup on our tray always sends cup and content to the floor, never to the ceiling. By the time we mature to throwing our food, we already know where it is going to land. By simple trial and error, we know whatever we toss about will always hit the floor. Later, we learned Sir Isaac Newton had affirmed our observations. “Logic is the art of thinking well: the mind, like the body, requires to be trained before it can use its powers in the most advantageous way.”
Fast forward to our school years where logic and critical thinking became more structured and formalized. The short list of activities include; Grammar, Mathematics and the Sciences, where we were required to crystallize our notions about the constructs of cause and effect, test and observation, and predictability. We discover that our notions as a child, repeating the same thing over and over producing the same results was the basis of Scientific Methodology – the techniques of acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge to form a hypothesis.
Consider the following quote: “Will you reelect the ruling party, or will you invite another attack on our nation? Take your pick, it’s one or the other.” The choices presented appear clear and precise. But, in the real world, questions of this nature are seldom that simple. In this case, since all other possibilities have been taken out of play, the quote listed has committed the fallacy of false dilemma. The intent of which leads down the path to selecting one of two predetermined outcomes to the exclusion of all others.
When we receive the news of the day, a political speech, a press conference or some pundit’s assertion, we often think what we’ve just heard doesn’t make sense. We know it in our gut but we can’t put our finger on exactly what we found troubling. Typically this happens when the proposition doesn’t correspond to the facts. To better evaluate their truth, validity, and reasonableness, reviewing the common logical fallacies will provide a logical basis to repudiate those tangled words.
Most people can reason well enough to get by in their daily lives and no more. Today, perhaps more than ever, survival is not good enough. Errors in reasoning creep into arguments and debates all the time. To avoid committing them, and aid in identifying their appearance in others’ arguments, the study of logic in general, and logical fallacies in particular, is requisite to understand what really matters. STUDENT’S LOGIC
The importance of the study of logic is to help one learn to think properly and focus your mind so you can come up with a logical solution. If one can learn to be logical, they can be more rational in their decisions. Being logical helps one understand the reasoning behind issues which could be applied in other issues as well.
Using logic also helps an individual adapt and make appropriate decisions. Studying logic is important since it helps people with critical thinking and thinking more clearly or logical. In our daily lives, when we are faced with problems or just a situation which require a decision, we are often reminded to apply logic and reasoning for the most desired results. Hence, this is a basic reason why logic and reason are so essential in our lives.
But there are other reasons. We will be able to broaden the range of things we know and understand, be able to receive self-knowledge, foresight and a sense of direction in our daily lives. We can accomplish self-discovery, expansion of consciousness, and self-renewal. Therefore, when we are faced with a routine daily situation or a very difficult problem or issue to resolve, logic and reasoning are important to remember and be applied for the best or most desired results.
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