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Social Justice Essay Examples

Essays on Social Justice

Political Equality in Justice as Fairness in John Rawls Theory
Words • 1618
Pages • 7
“To be human is to be capable of living in a society with a common good that has no metaphysical content”. Discuss this statement with reference to John Rawls’ notion of justice as fairness. John Rawls, an American who was described by Bill Clinton as the most influential philosopher was born (1921) and raised in Baltimore, Maryland. His adult life was a scholarly one with the exception of World War II where he witnessed brutality of the holocaust which he…...
EqualityJustice And FairnessSocial Justice
Justice: Definition, Problems and Nature
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Justice can be a controversial topic by having two different subjects brought into play. Conflict relevant to justice is first derived from a lack of communication, misunderstanding, and ignorance. These two can result in vague questions without having a clear and concise answer. For example, society these days, they define justice to be as “a subjective term that is perceived in a variety of ways” (_____). Being a subjective term, justice is a highly controversial topic among individuals and cultures.…...
JusticeJustice And FairnessSocial Justice
Classism is a form of social justice that focuses on the difference
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Classism is a form of social justice that focuses on the difference of status between groups and individuals. They are recognized through numerous ways in the media and within society. It establishes the idea that members of society should be perceived differently based on the class they belong to. In the end, people have the desire to meet such standards to the extent that their individuality and accord with one another is affected. The Handmaid's Tale is a novel written…...
JusticeSocial Justice
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Teaching Social Justice Through To Kill a Mockingbird and A Time to Kill
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Pages • 8
To Kill a Mockingbird and A Time to Kill both reflect the common state of life of the American people in the background of the great depression, as well as the estrangement and discrimination between races. These prejudices let innocent people suffer unwarranted disaster, black become a victim of this bias. In To Killing a Mockingbird, Harper Lee described the protagonist, Atticus Finch, as a lawyer who defends a black man named Tom Robinson who was accused of raping a…...
Justice In LiteratureSocial JusticeTo Kill A MockingbirdTo Kill A Mockingbird Racism
Seeking Social Justice in “Les Misérables”
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Seeking social justice has come a long way during the darkest period of history. The longing for equality of every individual in the society has never been simple and painless, but it gave them the force to start a revolution and that was the beginning of a story — a story which was enticingly captured by the known author Victor Hugo as early as 1829 which is now successfully adapted as a musical drama film directed by Tom Hooper. The…...
JusticeSocial Justice
Gender Equality: A Matter of Social Justice
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Pages • 5
Among the oldest forms of social injustice in the world, gender inequality had been around the scene for quite a while. From the earlier centuries, men or male gender was considered superior in most societies. This, however, didn’t stop there. With this in the public domain, there soon ensued a systematic and open manifestation of such discrimination. It went on until a time came when calls for gender equality rand so high. Various movements, therefore, set in to try and…...
Equality Of GenderGender BiasGender EqualityGender InequalityJusticeSocial Justice
The Juxtaposition of Justice
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The Constitution of the United States of America defines a framework for the country's law and order. The preamble to the U.S. Constitution states the main goals of the document, but who are these goals set in place for? Over 40 years ago, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said that it is not possible to be in favor of justice for some people and not be in favor of justice for all people. Just 3 years ago, Colin Kaepernick stated…...
DiscriminationInjusticeJusticeSocial Justice
Dramatic devices in “The Inspector Calls”
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Introdution In this essay I am going to consider and discuss Priestley's concerns, his dramatic devices and how they make us feel and how he keeps the audience interested. Priestley is concerned about the welfare of everyone and tries to put this across by showing how Eva Smith was a nice girl but she was not treated how she should have been as she was of a lower class to the Birlings and therefore considered a worse person. Priestley was…...
DeviceJusticeSocial ClassSocial Justice
How far was New Labor influenced by Thatcher?
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Pages • 8
New Labour defines the second major ideological change within the Labour Party since the beginning of the twentieth century. Following the period of Bennite democratic socialists and the revisionist shift to towards the more moderate epoch of Old Labour came what Prime Minister Blair labelled ‘The Third Way. ’ Following Labour’s election into office in 1997 the newly elected government had a challenging task ahead. Not only had Old Labour been defeated since 1979 which resulted in loss of faith…...
InfluencePolicySocial JusticeWelfare
Symbol of Social Justice – Martin Luther King Jr.
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Martin Luther King Jr. is a symbol of social justice all over the United States. Everything King did started with his childhood. His parents taught him about how blacks were treated and why it shouldn’t be like that ('Martin Luther King Jr. Biography'). They said that God made everyone equal but some people were just too ignorant to see it. From a young age King was exposed to the segregation and cruelness of the world he lived in. He knew…...
JusticeMartin Luther KingMartin Luther ReformationSocial Justice
Ethics Research Essay
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Pages • 10
Executive Summary The following report analyses the viability of the platform based peer-to-peer production systems of Uber and Airbnb on the grounds of ethical and unethical. Further, the review evaluates on the sustainability for having such platforms in reducing racial discrimination among the players in the industry. Additionally, the paper provides an extensive analysis of the situations that is being discussed in the review drawing conclusions based on the weight of the advantages and disadvantages. Introduction In latest experiences, there…...
EthicsResearchSocial JusticeSustainabilityUber
Examining Social Justice And Equality Politics
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Social justice and equality is a significant issue in almost all societies around the world. It encompasses other important issues like human rights, social policies, social welfare problems and the like. It includes concerns about race, gender, ethnicity, socio-economic status, educational attainment and other factors that “categorize” individuals in a certain community. Therefore, the intricate relationship between social justice, equality and social welfare is vital in understanding the values, norms and attitudes that individuals in a certain society possess.In this…...
EqualityImmigrationJusticePoliticsPovertyPoverty In Canada
Societal Issues in “The Pearl”
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Introduction/background of Steinbeck and the Pearl  Literature is called a mirror to society. The writer cannot escape himself from societal issues and influence. He has to accept the impact in one-way or the other. John Steinbeck’s “The Pearl” is also no exception. His characters, plot, action, style and themes all reveal some societal perspectives in explicit or implicit language. The Pearl by John Steinbeck seems like a very simple book as a parable on the societal issues. The story is…...
Social JusticeSocial StructureThe Pearl
Define the Concepts of Altruism
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Altruism is defined as a selfless concern or act for the welfare and good of others.  An altruistic person is not motivated to do good because of reward or duty.  A purely altruistic person gives without thought to benefits, reward or recognition. Autonomy in the general sense is an individual's capacity to make rational decisions without coercion from any quarter.  In the moral sense, autonomy is the basis of a person's moral responsibility for his actions. Human dignity refers to…...
AltruismAutonomySocial Justice
Marxism: Reflection Of The Problems In A Capitalistic Society
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While Liberalism was a philosophical system that produced capitalism as an economic system, Marxism was a reflection of the problems that existed in a capitalistic society. Therefore, Marxism was the idea behind two new economic systems, socialism and communism. Liberalism is the idea of universal human rights, equality and the protection of private property. Capitalism grew from this private ownership of capital and machines and has become the dominant economic system today. On the other hand, Marxism is a philosophic…...
CapitalismCommunismJusticeMarxismSocial JusticeSocial Problems In Our Society
Catholic Social Teaching
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* is a body of doctrine developed by the Catholic Church on matters of poverty and wealth, economics, social organization and the role of the state. Its foundations are widely considered to have been laid by Pope Leo XIII's 1891 encyclical letter Rerum Novarum, which advocated economic Distributism and condemned both Capitalism and Socialism, although its roots can be traced to the writings of Catholic thinkers such as St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine of Hippo, and is also derived…...
ChristianityPhilosophyReligionSocial JusticeTeachingThomas Aquinas
Organizational Justice
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It has been argued that if organizational decisions and managerial actions are deemed unfair or unjust, the affected employees experience feelings of anger, outrage and resentment; There is also evidence that disgruntled employees retaliate to Organizational Injustice, directly: e.g., by theft, vandalism and sabotage or indirectly by withdrawal and resistance behavior. Engaging in socially responsible behavior has been a great concern to leaders of Today’s organizations. Here again, OB specialists have sought to explain this behavior, and their efforts will…...
EthicsFairnessJusticePhilosophySocial Justice
Universality and Reversibility: Justice and Fairness
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The categorical imperative incorporates two criteria for determining moral right and wrong: universalizability and reversibility. Universalizability means the person's reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act on at least in principle. Reversibility means the person's reasons for acting must be reasons that he or she would be willing to have all others use, even as a basis of how they treat him or her. That is, one's reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act…...
Categorical ImperativeFairnessImmanuel KantJusticeJustice And FairnessReason
Rehabilitation or Retribution
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The expectations of society for the criminal justice system are to punish and rehabilitate individuals who have committed crime. Punishment and rehabilitation are two acknowledged objectives of the criminal justice system, Retribution, which is based on "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" philosophy, simply means punishment and vengeance for what evils have done. While rehabilitation, as Nicholas Tan (1999) noted that "is the idea of 'curing' an offender of his or her criminal tendencies, of changing…...
CrimeCrime And PunishmentCriminal JusticeHuman Rights LawJusticeLaw
PCS model
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The PCS model (Thompson 2001) has three concentric rings (inside to outside: P-C-S). The "P" stands for personal prejudice or the personal, psychological level; the "C" stands for the cultural level- consensus, commonality, conformity; the "S" level stands for the structural level. (Ledwith 128) Apply: This model is useful for community development because it allows us to see how different levels of interaction and analysis from the personal to societal and structural affect life. Specifically in terms of discrimination we…...
CircleCommunicationDiscriminationHuman NatureJusticePrejudice
Social Injustice
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Social Injustice to me is unfairness or injustice of a society in its divisions of rewards and burdens. Social Injustice arises when equals are treated unequally and is caused by certain barriers that prevent full social justice. Some of the major barriers include: discrimination, oppression, racism, and sexism. In order to fully overcome social injustice these barriers must be removed from our society and differences must be embraced. A global social injustice that I am aware of is the lack…...
InjusticeRacism In SchoolssSocial InjusticeSocial Justice
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program
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The 1987 Philippine Constitution Social Justice and Human Rights (R.A. 6657-Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program). Constitution of the Philippines the supreme law of the Philippines democratic and republican State enacted in 1987, during the administration of President Corazon Aquino, and is popularly called the "1987 Constitution". The Constitution is divided into 18 parts, leaving out the Preamble, which are called Articles. Social Justice and Human being Rights describes the idea of developing a society or organization that is based upon the…...
AgricultureHuman rightsJusticeReformRightsSocial Justice
Declaration of Principles and State Policies
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To shed light on the meaning of the other provisions of the Constitution To guide all departments in the implementation of the Constitution Directed to lay down the primary rules characterizing our government system Principles The Philippines is not only a republican but also a democratic state. Every individual is a reservoir of sovereignty. While sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of the government, sovereignty itself remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exist and…...
DemocracyFamilyJusticeSocial JusticeSovereigntyState
Social Justice
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Pages • 10
What is social justice? Social Justice can mean something different depending on who you are talking to. The most common definition of social justice is a policy-making theory that tries to ensure that all members of society are treated fairly and that all have the same opportunities to partake of and share in the benefits of society. This could mean the end of discrimination based on sex, race, creed, ethnicity, or income. Another form of social justice could be equality…...
JusticeSocial Justice
Human Resourse
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Introduction 1. The Definition and Discrimination of HRM and PM 1.1 The Definition of Human Resource Management Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization achieved the best from their highly motivated people and it is new management techniques to ensure the effective use of human talent to accomplish organizational goals.  Human Resource Management is the process of recruitment, selection of employee, providing proper orientation and induction, providing proper training and the developing skills, assessment of employee (performance of appraisal), providing proper compensation and…...
HumanSocial Justice
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Social Justice for Homeless Community

While being homeless was traditionally viewed as a personal failure and personal inequality, through the stories written in the book, readers can see that the most marginalized people were inherently disadvantaged under social, cultural, economic and political conditions. They are elderly people, disabled people, people with mental disease and people with traumatic, abused histories, etc. Individual efforts from charity organizations such can only temporarily relieve some hard conditions of the homelessness population. The measures that structurally address the social determinants of homelessness are recommended, and the governmental and political responsibilities are emphasized in this paper. Expansion of affordable housing and establishment of federal housing assistance programs and solutions to alcohol and substance abuse epidemic in America are especially essential to solve homelessness problem in the long-term.

Introduction

“Stories from the Shadows” is collection of short stories about homeless people in Boston, written by Dr. O’Connell, who treats and advocates for people of the streets of Boston for over 30 years as a street physician. People in the books are victims of rotten childhood, victims of family abuse, victims of mental illness, victims of substance abuse disorder, victims of violence, victims of old age, victims of unemployment, victims of learning disability, etc. They struggle to survive, battle for hope, build up resilience and optimism under the worst conditions. At the same time, gifted, compassionate and empathic healthcare providers, hospitals and shelters work together to treat and care these people at no cost. However, most of these people did not have a happy ending after treatments. In most cases, they were discharged directly to the streets and then they were brought back to hospitals again. The circle of hospital and street was unceasing until they died. Although the book does not offer solution to solve the homeless problem, the author expresses his opinion that caring the homeless people is a commitment to social justice, not charity. This paper is inspired by the author’s social justice commitment and stories of the homeless community and explores the importance, compulsoriness to treat homelessness as a social justice issue to solve homelessness problem as well as interventions to prevent the homelessness in the long run.

Social Determinants of Homelessness

Social determinants play an important role in the production of homelessness. We traditionally view the homelessness as a personal failure and personal inequality, and claims it takes saints to give them help. However, through the stories written in the book, readers can see how the most marginalized population were not born “equally” and how the life did not deal those people “equally’. Besides personal circumstances, homelessness in America is mostly caused by social inequality and system inadequacies, such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, failure of social support system, failure of pain management and pain medication prescription system.

First, poverty is the basic cause of homelessness. Most characters in the book were poor. Poverty significantly damages them physiologically, psychologically, behaviorally, and socially, and makes it hard for them to become secure financially. When children are born to poor parents and live in unhealthy living conditions, such as toxic exposure of mold, lead or other environmental pollution, poor nutrition, exposure to violence, and parental insecurity, they have suboptimal cognitive, emotional and behavioral development, which leads to poor school performance and low education attainment and thus poor job prospects as an adult (Harkness& DeMarco, 2016). Poverty also put them at higher risk for unhealthy behaviors, which make them more vulnerable to alcohol, drugs and violence (Harkness& DeMarco, 2016). Poverty makes the poor poorer, the vulnerable more vulnerable.

Secondly, the lack of affordable housing and housing assistance programs directly causes some of the homelessness problems. The lack of governmental housing support is well evidenced in the book. Some people were forced to the streets because they were the most disadvantaged and have nowhere but the streets to live in. Some used to have stable place to live at but were also forced to live on the streets when they experience personal crises due to the lack of emergent housing assistance. This usually happens when divorce, domestic abuse, the onset of acute or chronic diseases and pain, or an addiction challenge is involved, and they have no other resources to turn to for help. They are forced to give up their house or get evicted from the rented apartment because housing cost takes a big portion of their income and they must spare housing expense for more critical and urgent needs, such as food and clothing. After they are thrown into the streets, being homelessness will worsen their previous problems. They unfortunately became chronically homeless.

Third, alcoholism and substance abuse accelerate and worsen the production of homelessness. There is a stereotype that people are homeless because they are alcoholics or drug addicts. In the book, we do find a high percentage of homeless population have addictive disorder. But addictive disorder and homelessness are both causes and effects of each other. For homeless people, alcohol or substance are like “nectar and nemesis” (O’Connell, 2015, p. 148). On the one hand, alcohol or substance destroy their relationship, damage their health and jeopardize their job, and subsequently cause them to lose housing; on the other hand, people in the streets use drugs to self-medicate themselves for pain and they also use drugs to cope stress and depression. Homelessness cannot be conquered without solving the alcoholism and substance abuse disorder.

In conclusion, the production of homelessness reflects a complicated interaction between social environments, systems failures, and individual circumstances. Homelessness, poverty and sustenance abuse are inextricably twisted. Few people can do better if he/she face the same situations under same living environments and similar health conditions. It is time to stop blaming individuals and it is time to face it

as a social justice issue.

Asset

The Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program (BHCHP), where Dr. O’ Connell practices, was born 30 years ago, and became the largest and most comprehensive homeless program in America, serving 12,000 people and have 400 full-time employees. Health care providers there are dedicated to the welfare and justice of homeless people (O’ Connell, 2015). BHCHP not only demonstrates to the public the imperatives to solve the homeless problem in America but also provide precious lessons and enormous experiences on how to take care of the homeless people efficiently.

Interventions to Homelessness

Just as California Newsreel claimed that social problems have significant effect on both people’s life and people’s organs (2008), most of the homelessness can be traced to unequal economic and social statuses, and “are systemic and avoidable — and thus inherently unjust and unfair” (California Newsreel, 2008). If we perceive homelessness as an issue of social injustice, then the solution to it will be obvious: we need broader interventions that not limited on the individual level efforts such as giving away blankets in the cold winter, offering free hot meals on holidays, and the society and government must take responsibilities to address the problems structurally and systematically at the all levels.

The most direct solution to end homelessness is the expansion of affordable housing and federal housing assistance programs. First, more government funding is needed for the existing programs. According to the National Low-Income Housing Coalition, among those eligible for federal housing assistance, only 25% households receive assistance, and only three affordable rentals available on the market per ten households in extremely need (2018), which is far behind demands. Prevention of homelessness is important, or it will cost the governments more money indirectly through medical bills and shelters management costs. Second, the governments may consider offering low-income housing voucher to reduce the gap between rental cost and income so that people who work can afford a place to live in. In addition, governments can offer emergency housing assistance for those people in urgent needs. Emergency housing assistance can prevent people from becoming homeless at the first place. Finally, stable housing- first policy for homeless community will help reduce the case of chronic homelessness. We read from the book that some people keep trying to stay sober for several months and show huge resilience and optimism. However, after they go back to unstable environment, they start to use alcohol to solve their problems again. Dr. O’ Connell stated that according to the Medicaid report, 119 homeless individuals visit emergency room for 18384 times in a five- year period (2015). Dr. O’ Connell claimed that the main reason for readmission is that homeless people were discharged to the streets because no stable place was offered after they released from the hospital or detoxification center.

The other important method to solve homelessness problem is to solve alcohol and substance abuse epidemic. One critical time for preventing alcohol abuse and drug addiction is during adolescence (NIH,2018). Thus, it is essential that the school, community and society provide intensive alcohol and substance abuse teaching, counseling, and consultation among children and adolescent on regular basis along with social resources to help young people cope with a variety of life stresses. In America, increased prescription pain medications also have contributed dramatically to the epidemic of substance use disorder (NIH, 2018). Thus, stricter federal regulations are needed to overwatch pain medication prescription. For example, all the patients should be informed the risk of addiction and sign the consent form that educates about risks of the opioid pain medication has been given and understood before prescription; all the pain medications must be prescribed through network database to prevent patients from shopping around; only special trained pain specialists can prescribe opioids.

Conclusion

“Stories from the Shadow” calls for a shift in thinking about homelessness from the view of personal inadequacy to social injustice. Poverty, lack of social support system, especially housing assistant system, alcoholism and substance abuse epidemic in America all largely contribute to the production of homelessness. Subsequently, in order to solve homelessness, social and governmental level interventions rather than individual-focused case management are justified. Strategies to end homelessness include expansion of governmental affordable housing program, initiation of housing voucher and establishment of emergency housing assistant system for poor people, and creation of stable place for the homeless community. Measures to fight against alcoholism and substance abuse epidemic are also essential, which include primary prevention among young people through education, counseling, and consultation, and which also requires public surveillance of opioid prescription. The society has paid price for the neglect of homelessness and it is time to face it.

FAQ about Social Justice

How far was New Labor influenced by Thatcher?
...Although Gormley-Heenan’s theory is an assessment of political leadership during the Northern Ireland peace process, it is relevant when assessing Blair as it refers to inconstant leadership aimed to alter ‘according to... the climate in which it...

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