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Slavery Essay Essay

Paper type: Essay Pages: 4 (828 words)

Views: 10194464407247

Slavery was ongoing in the southern states. In the 1800’s many white slave owners believed that the African Americans were inferior to them despite the fact that “”all men are created equal”. They were forced into labor and treated like property. The slave owners justified their behavior and believed they acted caring and conscientious to their slaves. Truthfully, however, the slaves were mostly treated very badly, as Fredrick Douglas, a black slave, testifies. There were select groups of white men who realized the abuses of slavery and worked to abolish it.

Not many white people admired these abolitionists, but as time went by their support was increased.

There were many people against slavery by the 1820’s. many antislavery societies believed that the African Americans were an inferior race and could not coexist with the white people. The whites increasingly joined the African Americans in openly criticizing slavery. Charles G. Finney supported the whites for “abolition” and termed slavery “a great national sin”.

William Lloyd Garrison, a radical white abolitionist, was an editor of an antislavery paper. In his newspaper he delivered an uncompromising message. He wanted immediate emancipation, the freeing of slaves, with no payment to the slaveholders. Before Garrison announced this emancipation, support for this position was limited. However, many white abolitionists began to respond to his words in the 1830’s. Garrison founded the New England Anti-Slavery society in 1832 and helped fund it the following year also. Majority of his subscribers were African Americans. Many white men opposed Garrison when he attacked the churches and government for failing to condemn slavery. The whites distanced themselves even more when Garrison associated himself with David Walker. David Walker was a free black from North Carolina who moved to Boston. He urged blacks to rise up and take their freedom by force. Walker advised African Americans to fight for their freedom rather than just wait for slavery to end, in his appeal to the colored citizens of the world.

The majority of free blacks expressed less extreme views that walker, but still formed anti-slavery groups by the end of the 1820’s. in 1850 there were approximately 434,000 free blacks who worked as day laborers for white employers in the south. Some did hold jobs, such as artisans, craftsmen, or seamstresses. In the north, free blacks were faced with society that advocated segregation and job discrimination and offered only the lowest paying jobs to them. Fredrick Douglass, however, was able to rise above all limitations that white society imposed. Fredrick Douglas was born into slavery in 1817 and was taught how to read and write by the wife of one of his owners. She was told to stop by her husband because, as he said, reading “would forever unfit him to be a slave”.

Douglas only studied harder when he realized that his knowledge could be his pathway to freedom. By 1838, Douglas held a skilled job in Baltimore. He worked well and earned high wages, but his slave owner took his pay each week. Douglas decided to escape after having an argument with his owner. He borrowed the identity and official papers of a free black sailor and went onto the train. He tasted freedom for the first when he reached New York. When Garrison heard Douglas speak about his experiences, he was impressed and sponsored Douglas as a lecturer for the American Anti-Slavery society. Everyone who listened to Douglas speak loved him, as he was an amazing speaker. In 1847 Douglas broke from Garrison and began his own anti slavery newspaper. He named it the North star, after the star that guided runaway slaves who escaped, but there were still thousands of more slaves enslaved.

In western Europe and the Americas abolitionism was a movement to end the slave trade and set slaves free.Abolitionists were people who were against slavery. The abolitionists were treated badly by the society. They were treated badly because they went against the way of the society. According to the society, it was wrong to be nice to slaves. White friends and neighbors ignored the abolitionists, and they became social outcast.

The word freedom is defined as “not under the control of some other person or some arbitrary power”. They also go on to define free as, “Having or existing under a government that does not impose arbitrary restrictions on the right to speak, assemble, petition, vote, ect.” the significance of a free state is clearly understood from these 2 definitions. a free state does not have to be slaves for other people, and does not have to follow the rules and guidelines that the government imposes. a free state can follow their own wants and needs without having to obey the government. When Free states came about, there was more peace in the world. There weren’t people or governments telling others what to do, rather they chose what and what not to do.

We now see how slavery impacted southern American in the seventeenth century.

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Slavery Essay. (2016, Oct 05). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/slavery-essay

Paper type: Essay Pages: 3 (620 words)

Views: 393

Question: Some historians argue that slavery was the primary cause of the American Civil War. Utilizing the documents and your knowledge of the period 1846-1860, explain to what extent you believe this statement to be valid. Slavery started in America when the colonist traded rum and molasses with Africa in exchange for slaves, this was part of the triangular trading system. From there on many slaves were brought from Africa, their journey is known as the “Middle Passage” which was a horrific journey because half of the slaves died on the ships.

Since then there has been endless debate over the causation of the American Civil War.

Many different types of historians have argued for and against slavery being the main cause. A historian named Elbert B. Smith wrote, “Slavery worked itself into a constitutional dilemma and became a symbol of disunion which must be destroyed for the salvation of America itself”. I myself do believe that slavery was the main cause of the Civil War.

As mentioned in Document A, Senator John C. Calhoun says in his speech, “I have, Senators, believed from the first that the agitation of the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion. Since Senator Calhoun was pro slavery, he argue that slavery was the cause for the North and the South to separate, as mentioned in the quote, and have conflicts with each other. Document B talks about the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 which states that any runaway slave should be catched and returned to their owner. This act also stated that any federal marshal or public official that refused to arrest a runaway slave would be fined and anyone who helped a runaway slave would be sentenced to jail.

This document also talks about the Kansas-Nebraska Bill which repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and allowed people in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery within their border(popular sovereignty) Both of these acts that were mentioned are an example of the North and the South having disagreements, as Ralph Emerson mentions about the Fugitive Slave Act “required me to hunt slaves,” in this quote when he says required it means that he is being forced to hunt slaves and return them to their owner.

Having these disagreements and the North being furious about the Fugitive Slave Act it gave the South and North more reason why to go into a war. In Document C, William Walker shares his views on the Western Hemisphere. He uses an example in Nicaragua, saying that slavery in that country would “furnish a supply of constant and reliable labor requisite for the cultivation of topical products”.

He also believes that the tension between free and slave labor in the United States touches the interest and destiny of those in the struggle and it also would affect the whole continent. In Document D, it shows a map of what would’ve been the result of the “Crittenden Compromise. ” The Crittenden Compromise of 1860 was an unsuccessful last-minute effort to avert the Civil War. It was proposed by Senator John Crittenden of Kentucky with support from the National Union party.

Basically this compromise accepted the boundaries between free and slave states that had been set by the Missouri Compromise of 1820, extending the line to California, and assuring the continuation of slavery. This compromise upheld the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 with minor modifications, and called for vigorous suppression of the African slave trade. The compromise gained support by the border states but nevertheless, it failed in the House of Representatives. Its defeat made clear the inevitability of the Civil War.

You may also be interested in the following: caribbean economy and slavery

Cite this page

Slavery. (2016, Sep 18). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/slavery-essay

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