Philosophy Essay Topics

Plato’s Theory of Ideas

Plato’s theory of Ideas addresses the problem of change. As we experience the world we experience it as change. As Heraclitus puts it, all things are in flux (Barnes 58). Things change through time, and they also change through space, via motion. One never steps in the same river twice. But against this ancient wisdom… View Article

Plato And Augustin

1) WHAT IS PLATO’S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE BODY? (300 Words) http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/symposium.html             In Plato’s work SYMPOSIUM there is much subtext to be found under the surface of what seems like a marginally focused conversation among several individuals. What is unique about this work is that within the random bits of dialogue put forth there is… View Article

Plato and Baudrillard

The central argument of Plato’s Republic is that the just life is preferable to the unjust one. Socrates argues this point against his friends, who put up various objections to the thesis. The principal objection concerns appearances; because it is apparent to all that the unjust dissimulator reaps the fruits of the world, while the… View Article

Plato/Socrates & St. Augustine

The realm of the reasoning man, according to Plato in his work Phaedo, is extrapolated by Socrates, that is, a man who is within reason also must admit to the fundamental truths regarding life after death (the viewpoint of Plato in this paper will be seen through Socrates as Phaedo was written to express Plato’s… View Article

Great Traditions In Ethics

The overcoming of the fear of death figures as a key component of Epicurean philosophy. Because the Epicureans valued above all other accomplishments, the living of a good life and that “pleasure is the end of all morality and that real pleasure is attained through a life of prudence, honor, and justice” the acknowledgment in… View Article

Philosophy of Man

Death is a typically human event, not just a biological occurrence. It is a separating of body and soul, but it is not just the body that dies, it is the whole man. It is difficult to talk of the very moment of death, since some people who had been there, did not talk of… View Article

Putnam Paper

Introduction  Putnam’s recent work has mainly focused on bringing philosophy out of its case and back to the world of ordinary people and ordinary social problems. Pragmatic provides us with some ideas for finding the claim that there is no difference between what is real and what we experience as real. A pragmatic realist philosophy… View Article

Jeremy Bentham Biography

“Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher” that “is primarily known” for his philosophical contribution, the ethical theory of utilitarianism (Sweet). Utilitarianism is the ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that brings about the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people (DeGeorge 44). Specifically, Bentham was a hedonistic… View Article

Descartes Meditation

Descartes holds that you are more mind than body. Do you agree? What sort of priority does he intend? ” In the Meditation Two: Concerning the Nature of the Human Mind, Descartes describes himself “as if I had suddenly fallen into a deep whirlpool” (pg. 492), expressing the need to work his way up and… View Article

Anselms Ontological Argument

St Anselm (1033-1109) fame rests on his belief that faith is prior to reason: “I do not seek to understand that I may believe, but I believe in order to understand. For this I also believe- that unless I believed, I should not understand”. Anselm employed his powers of reason in order to establish, by… View Article

Understanding the meaning of social philosophy

One of the most interesting aspects of the American system is the changing and shifting role of government. Because the American system is highly predicated on the American government being one free of oppression, times can arise when the role of government is quite a controversy. Specifically, government is often put in a position where… View Article

On Humanism and Determinism

Before my first year in college started, Mama and I went to the mall to buy school-related things, including notebooks, pens, and a bag. When we arrived at the shoes-section, I found myself stuck in deciding which pair I should choose. Well, it’s not because I don’t like any—actually, I’ve found what kind of pair… View Article

The Postmaster by Rabindranath Tagore

“But Ratan had no such philosophy to console her. All she could do was wander near the post office, weeping copiously. May be a faint hope lingered in her mind that dadababu might return: and this was enough to tie her to the spot, prevent her from going far. Oh poor, unthinking human heart! Error… View Article

Just Business Report

Reading the book “Just Business” by Alexander Hill, it was very interesting to go through the topic of Christian ethics for business. Looking at different scenarios that managers have to confront and it shows how nerve-wracking, heart wrenching and also guilt producing that it could be. The definition of ethics is the study of “should”… View Article

Ethics & Philosophy

Free markets can be said to be the markets which have no government interference or regulation. The only regulations present are the ones which involve protecting property rights and maintaining the legal system. Free markets are markets in which the product prices are solely set through market forces, as opposed to interference by external forces…. View Article

Position Paper (Education) on Philosophy

The word education is defined as the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life, it is also an art of teaching; pedagogics. Education signify the activity, process, or enterprise of educating or being educated and… View Article

Intellectual Heritage

Intellectual Heritage is one aspect in my life that I really value most. For one, this helped me in understanding things I wasn’t aware before. It also helped me in dealing with things I haven’t been conscious of like how diverse the philosophy of different people known world-wide are. I can say that this particular… View Article

The Shocking Alternative

For most part, the heaviest question asked throughout this chapter is why evil exists, and why God allowed it to exist. A human being who is probably sick and tired of all the evil and suffering in the world would say that if only evil can just stop existing – if only suffering would stop…. View Article

State of Nature: Hobbes and Locke

John Locke and Thomas Hobbes, more Locke than Hobbes however, have been enormous influential political philosophers for the modern political thought and development of England and the Americas. The topic and phrase “state of nature” is used and discussed significantly throughout. The similarities are shown extensively, but there are many differing views of opinion as… View Article

Voltaires Impact from the Enlightenment to Today’s Time

Like so many of his peers, including a number of the founding fathers of the United States, Voltaire was a deist who believed that God had created everything but then let it evolve on its own. Although educated by the Jesuits, Voltaire hated the Catholic Church. He is famously quoted to have said “Ecrasez l’infame”… View Article

What Is a Life Worth Living?

In the number of works that Plato crafted and put together chronicling his teacher’s life, views and opinions, one of the most famous and predominant statements made by Socrates is that “the unexamined life is not worth living.” Appearing in Plato’s The Apology, the quote essentially summarizes how Socrates had walked out his entire life… View Article

A Description of an Ethical Dilemma

An Ethical dilemma is a complex situation that often involves an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey one would result in transgressing another. This is also called an ethical paradox since in moral philosophy, paradox often plays a central role in ethics debates. Ethical dilemmas are often cited in an attempt… View Article

The Philosophy Of Parmenides And That Of Heraclitus

The two pre-Socratic philosophers with their surviving works have both proven to show a great argument concerning the creation; or rather the existence of the universe and what lies in it, as well as some explanations on their belief of the primary substance. However, the most interesting philosophy which they both agree and disagree on… View Article

Educational Philosophy

My approach to education is student-centered. I always try to ensure that students are given the best opportunities to build upon their existing knowledge and capacities. I believe that education is not only about knowledge-transfer but it is about transforming people and building their capabilities to make sense of their experiences and to be able… View Article

Rawls Theory of Justice

A contemporary philosopher, John Rawls (1921-2002), is noted for his contributions to political and moral philosophy. In particular, Rawls’ discussion about justice introduced five important concepts into discourse, including: the two principles of justice, the “original position” and “veil of ignorance”. Rawls most famous work is, A Theory of Justice (1971) gives an introduction to… View Article

Difference between Eastern and Western Philosophy

The history of philosophy is full of dichotomies.  Concepts such as empiricism vs. rationalism, permanence vs. change, appearance vs. reality, monism vs. dualism, and the problem of the One vs. the Many, all have become part of the history of philosophy.  The same is true for Eastern and Western Philosophy.  While at certain points these… View Article

Free Will

Vilayandur S. Ramachandran came from a distinguished family in Tamil Nadu, India, and was neuroscientist, which is a field of study encompassing the various scientific disciplines dealing with the nervous system. Ramachandran’s views on the brain and how it works are discussed in his work “The New Philosophy”. In his essay he discusses the nature… View Article

Philosophy and Ethics

What is Ethics? Ethics is a branch of philosophy, which is the study of what is right and wrong. Ethics is an action of feeling. If you are walking on the street and you see a homeless person, you would ask yourself questions like this: How should I act? Should I help or ignore? When… View Article

Iqbal’s Theory of Knowledge

Iqbal cannot be classed under any of the three schools of philosophical thought: the empiricist, the rationalist or the intuitionist. In his theory of knowledge, sense perception, reason and intuition, all are combined in an organic whole. He knew full well that light from one direction alone could not illumine the whole of reality in… View Article

Sartre’s Existentialist Philosophy

From the critical perspective, Jean-Paul Sartre did not believe that there could be any personality or character pattern that at any given time could determine a person’s future actions. This does not mean that there is no such thing as a personality. In fact, there is such a thing and it plays an important role… View Article