Philosophy

Socrates Trial: Guilty or Not Guilty?
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Socrates (469 – 399 BCE) was a classical Greek philosopher, known as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Socrates’ trial and execution in 399 BCE still remain controversial to this day and divides historians. If I was a member of the Athenian jury hearing the case of Socrates, I would vote to acquit Socrates. The basis of philosophy means to question. The people of Athens grew up being taught things and told exactly what to believe. Socrates gave a…...
The Ideas of Socrates
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Socrates was unlike most Athenians of his time. Socrates was morally radical and intellectual. During his trial for impiety and wrongdoing the youth Socrates felt that the people of Athens should concern themselves about their wellbeing of emotions rather than their family. Socrates ideas affected the views towards the knowledge politics and virtue of the Athenians society. He also believed that one should give attention on the growth of himself than on physical things and encouraged people to develop a…...
Defense of Socrates – The Charges
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In “Plato, Defense of Socrates”, Socrates was in trial for his charges for not recognizing the gods of the city or that he was religious or an atheist. Socrates disputed that he is innocent of both charges; corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates' defense is failed at the end and he is sentenced to death. He concludes that a simple man should have no concern when it comes to death. Socrates defends himself towards the costs delivered in opposition to…...
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Does Socrates Allow his Enemies to win by Staying and Accepting his Sentence?
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Socrates allows his enemies to win by staying and accepting his sentence. From the onset of the case, Socrates fails to put a strong defense on his innocence. Rather, he appears unconcerned about the case brought against him. He is rude, arrogant, and fails to empathize with the prosecutor and Athens’ society. As a result, he is unable to convince more than 50% of the jurist that he is innocent. In addition, he appears to be unconcerned with his first…...
Socrates’ Impact on Society
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The Trail of Socrates occurs in 399 BCE. This was shortly after the Peloponnesian War where Athens fell to defeat against Sparta. Athens’s government at this time was a democracy. Because of the young Athenians having different people impact their decisions Athens society went through a change. One main person who is a suspect for this change is Socrates. This is why he got the charge for corrupting the youth of Athens along with not worshipping the Gods of the…...
The Trial and Execution of Socrates
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In Plato’s Apology, the reader finds much interesting information about the philosophic thought that is derived from Socrates’ defense speech. Socrates, Plato’s teacher, and friend is ready to defend himself. Socrates’ mission is to help people to better understand the meaning of life in order to change their lives, placing emphasis on virtue and souls. He says, It is the greatest good for a human being to discuss Virtue every day and the other things About which you hear me…...
Ethics: What is Moral Absolutism?
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Absolutism is making ethical decisions based on objective rules. The concept views issues in a binary, black-and-white way, without leaving much room for any nuance. A downside to absolutism is that it considers neither the complexities of the individual situation nor cultural factors. An example of the limits of absolutism is apparent in the discussion of murder. The traditional Divine Command Theory explains that one should love their neighbor because God commands it. God determines what is right and wrong,…...
Identifying and Analysing an Ethical Issue
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In business, ethical issues is the circumstances where a moral clash appears and must be resolve or tented it. Now in the worldwide, it is an event where an ethical standard is addressed. Ethical issues also is an issue that happens when it gave a choice, the situation or action make a conflict with a general public’s ethical standard. The conflict is sometimes legally dangerous because some certain alternative to solve the issue may violate specific laws. Both of the…...
Ethical Decision Making With End-of-Life Care
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The option of euthanasia for patients suffering from terminal illnesses has become an ethical concern for different stakeholders in the healthcare sector. Patients are considered to have independence and self-determination when receiving care (Patil, 2013). Thus, individuals should be allowed to end life with dignity to prevent severe pain when there is no hope for recovery from a chronic disease. However, the tenet of autonomy is limited by the fact that the choice for euthanasia by terminally ill patients is…...
A Structural Approach to Ethical Reasoning
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Abstract This reflection paper will discuss the six ethical systems learned in this accounting ethics course. The systems include egoism, enlightened egoism, utilitarianism, deontology, justice, and virtue ethics. We will define and evaluate the various ethical systems and discuss the beliefs supporting them. For this reflection paper, we will discuss in further lengths one specific ethical system, enlightened egoism. We will also analyze enlightened egoism from a Christian worldview. The purpose of this reflection paper is to understand the six…...
A Framework for Making Ethical Decisions
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Ethical theories are used every day to make decisions and solve practical solutions. They determine what is right and what is wrong, and what is just and what is unjust (VÄYRYNEN, 2006). There are various theories and each of them emphasize different points which will require an induvial to take a different approach according to the theory that one believes in. To understand ethical decision making one must recognize that individuals have different. Thy are certain goals that decision-makers seek…...
Were Romeo and Juliet Victims of Predestination and Fate?
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Fate is something that is destined to happen or turn out in a specific way. It is the one aspect in our lives that sets the path for our lifetime. It cannot be altered or edited no matter what happens, it is just how we are destined to live our lives. It can lead to either destruction and accident or a lifetime full of happiness. Fate plays a major role in the play, Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare. The…...
Emotion, Reason and Fate in Hamlet
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When one loses a loved one, it may take a harsh hit on his or her mind frame. The death of Hamlet's father in Shakespeare's play Hamlet causes several problems, all of which contribute to the tragic death of Hamlet. All the events taking place in the play are impacted by emotion, reason, and fate. Specifically, the events in the play that caused or resulted in Hamlet's downfall are determined by roles of emotion, reason, and fate. These three are…...
The Extent of Destiny: Gods, People, and Fate in The Iliad
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When does fate and when does choice play a role in our lives, or in this world? That question may always be asked but in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad fate and choice happen often. Throughout The Iliad Homer creates numerous conflicts between not only the mortal Greeks and Trojans but the Gods as well. Though there is a difference between what fate is and what choice is; their similarities coincide with each other. Fate causes one to act in…...
What is the Significance of Fate and Destiny in Romeo and Juliet?
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Some strongly believe that fate plays a role in their lives. They think their life story is written in the stars by fate. In the famous play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, two young characters with rival families fell in love. One person from each family died before Romeo got banished to Mantua. Friar Lawrence, an old friend of Romeo and Juliet, gave Juliet a potion to help her reunite with her love, but his good intentions ended up…...
The Power of Fate in the Oedipus Trilogy
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Fate is clearly defined as, “the will or principle or determining cause by which things, in general, are believed to come to be as they are or events to happen as they do” (Merriam Webster). Throughout the play Oedipus Rex, Oedipus shows his best effort in avoiding the prophecy that said he will one day kill his father and marry his mother. In his effort and making his own decisions, Oedipus ends up fulfilling the prophecy through a series of…...
Why People Believe in Fate
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When it comes to fate there are two types of people, those who believe in it and those who don't. The people who don't believe in it often don't because they don't like to think that they don't have control over their life when in reality they do. Fate is defined as forces outside of your control that make things happen. You may not be able to change your fate but sometimes you can alter your fate or postpone it.…...
Postmodernism in Vonnegut’s “Cat’s Cradle”
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Kurt Vonnegut’s Cat’s Cradle is a dystopian novel that begins with the narration by a writer named John, or Jonah, as he asks to be called. John plans to write a book about the day the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. The name of the book is The Day the World Ended. In order to start the recollection of the events that happened that day, he needs to research about the Hoenikker family since Felix Hoenikker was a physicist…...
Dystopia and Society: “Animal Farm” and “Fahrenheit 451”
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Dystopian literature often serves as a warning or prediction of the future, how society would look if it was ruled by a totalitarian government, in the form of fiction. It reveals the true nature of oppression, exploring how the ruling elite uses its power set the status quo, and how society does not question it. Examples of an oppressive society include Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union, where corruption and abuse of power twist the once ideal society into one that forces…...
George Orwell’s and Margaret Atwood’s Visions of Future Societies
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Margaret Attwood's ‘Handmaid’s Tale’ is a dystopian novel published in 1985. It is set in New England in the future where the handmaids are forced to produce babies for the Commanders and their wives to raise. George Orwell’s ‘1984’ is also a dystopian novel originally published in 1949. In this novel, citizens are taught to love and obey their leader, also known as ‘Big Brother’ who watches and controls everything to the extent that not even their thoughts are safe.…...
Dystopian World in MT Anderson’s Feed
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The feed is a satirical novel set in a dystopian future where MT Anderson offers a thought-provoking and scathing indictment that may prod readers to examine the more sinister possibilities of corporate and media-dominated culture. Anderson draws parallels between our society and that of the Feeds to bring light to recklessness and warn readers of what must be improved if humanity is to survive. He achieves this by juxtaposing the two main characters in the novel, Titus and Violet, and…...
The Handmaids Tale: A Feminist Dystopia
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As a reader, it's our job to know the author's purpose, Margaret Atwood’s book “The Handmaid's Tale” may be a dystopian novel that was published in 1985; during the backlash against the progress of second-wave feminism. To people that don’t know what the second- wave feminism period was, it had been the women's movement of the 1960s and 70s during which women started breaking the ideals of where a lady stands. Margaret Atwood used this point to make a dystopian…...
Dystopian Society and Conformity in The Lottery
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The fictional short story “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson, discusses the themes of unjustified crimes and nature of evil in humans. This fictional text depicts a community of villagers who hold as part of their tradition an annual lottery. In this essay, I will discuss how the structure of the fictional world as a Dystopia helps the reader to understand the overall message behind by the implied author’s criticism of the text. Dystopia is a term refers to a fictitious…...
Friar Lawrence is to Blame in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet
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Friar Laurence is the puppet master that’s pulling the strings behind the scenes. Friar Laurence is a Friar and an apothecary in training. He is the one who gave the vial to Juliet, which led to the climax of the play. He also came up with the plans to keep Romeo and Juliet together, such as, “killing Juliet,” until Romeo came and the couple would leave together. Friar Laurence is the most memorable character in the story because he came…...
Who is Most Responsible for the Deaths in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet
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Introduction The play “Romeo and Juliet”, written by William Shakespeare explores the tragedy of the two main characters, Romeo and Juliet. In the play, there are several characters who contribute to the death of the protagonists. Initially, it is the grudge between the parents that ruin any chance of Romeo and Juliet finding happiness as well as the lack of support of Juliet’s nurse at her time of need. In addition, it is also the reckless and immature plans of…...
Who Could Be Responsible for the Tragic Death of Romeo and Juliet
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Sadly the tale of Romeo and Juliet did not end well. From their families constantly trying to find ways to fight or argue to Romeo getting banned to Mantua for the death of Tybalt. There was just so much drama. .. We also know that the couple ended up dead by the end of the story. So, Who is to blame for their deaths? Benvolio convinces Romeo to go to the ball. If Romeo didn’t attend the ball, he might…...
Causes Of To Blame For Romeo And Juliet
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Romeo and Juliet is a story of two warring families who despise each other. The Montague is the house of Romeo’s. The house of Juliet’s family is the Capulets the play rotates between passionate love scenes to ghastly bloody fight scenes. In the play Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare, it is Tybalt\'s hatred of Romeo that is the cause of all the deaths. Also in the play, there are different types of love such as unrequited love, love at…...
What Characters and Ideas Contribute to the Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?
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William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet depicts the fatal consequences of Romeo’s and Juliet’s lives. Shakespeare suggests that the “pair of star-crossed lovers” decisions, contribute to their demise. Romeo and Juliet flourished during the Elizabethan era, as it was a period that allowed the arts to prosper through Queen Elizabeth I’s reign control. The play was written in the 16th century, which delineated the four senses of humor that were widespread during the Elizabethan era; melancholy, sanguine, choler, and phlegm are…...
Who Is to Blame for the Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?
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To Shakespeare’s audience, fate and destiny were both acceptable concepts; unlike today, when something goes wrong the people look for someone or something to blame, instead of believing that the outcome was inevitable. We do not like to think that we aren’t in control of our own lives. In Romeo and Juliet, it is difficult to escape from fate. At the beginning of the play, Romeo and Juliet are described to have “death marked love”, this suggests the play is…...
Authenticity and Integrity in a Digital World
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In the era of “fake news” and information overload by social media, it is difficult to sort out and distinguish integrity. It is difficult to sift out if the information comes from a trustworthy source, or in other words, comes from a source based on integrity. “You don\'t lose your integrity, you give it away.” This statement seems to be very true in modern-day policing. Integrity does seem to be lacking among many leaders today, yet, ironically, integrity and other…...
The Value and Power of Sacrifice
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Would you sacrifice something for someone else? It may do not have to be an object or money. It could vary from many different things. Such as, time, attention, money, objects, comfort, and energy. Most people think that when people say they are going to sacrifice somethings for someone else, it may not be what most people think which is money or an object. However like I said before People can sacrifice in so many different ways, it could just…...
Benefits of Being Honest
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'Honesty is the best policy' is a very famous statement Benjamin Franklin said. Telling the truth or being able to be trusted is called honesty. According to this proverb, a In answering any question, one should devote himself to it and tell the truth in life Problem. Honesty is like a good weapon in life, which can benefit us. Many advantages (Schluter,1993). It can flourish naturally without any cost. Honesty allows us to enjoy peace in our lives. Lies can…...
The Complexity and Simplicity of Truth
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Everyone knows that each one of us has to be truthful all the time. But there are times or cases that it becomes hard for us to tell the truth so we tend to lie. It may be because we are afraid to hurt someone’s feelings by telling the truth or we are just afraid of what the others will think so we lie. Lying is completely about telling false information while truthfulness is the act of being honest. There…...
The Morality of Lying and Deception
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At an early age, many children were taught to tell the truth. With this principle, we can improve our lives and maintain a trustworthy picture. Deception and lies, however, are continuously filtering into our lives. But it is only in that sense that deception is regarded. There are always two sides to a story, however. According to Merriam Webster, deception is the act of causing someone to accept as true or valid what is false or invalid. This awareness is…...
Fate in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet
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Fate is something that is destined to happen or turn out in a specific way. It is one aspect of our lives that sets the path for our lifetime. It cannot be altered or edited no matter what happens, it is just how we are destined to live our lives. It can lead to either destruction and accident or a lifetime full of happiness. Fate plays a major role in the play, Romeo and Juliet, by William Shakespeare. The leading…...
The Interaction Between Fate And Choice In The Iliad
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When does fate and when does choice play a role in our lives, or in this world? That question may always be asked but in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad fate and choice happen often. Throughout The Iliad Homer creates numerous conflicts between not only the mortal Greeks and Trojans but the Gods as well. Though there is a difference between what fate is and what choice is; their similarities coincide with each other. Fate causes one to act in…...
Macbeth And the Power of Fate Vs Free Will
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Fate has the power to create one's destiny. By some wild power, the result of an individual's decisions is controlled by how they are planned to happen. In other words, some believe these choices can challenge fate, and that fate only manipulates one's mind into choosing their way. One of the questions that were brought up multiples times in our class discussion was whether individuals were victims of fate or their own choices/actions and if each aspect plays a significant…...
Destiny, Fate, Free Will and Free Choice in Oedipus Rex
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Fate is clearly defined as, “the will or principle or determining cause by which things, in general, are believed to come to be as they are or events to happen as they do” (Merriam Webster). Throughout the play Oedipus Rex, Oedipus shows his best effort in avoiding the prophecy that said he will one day kill his father and marry his mother. In his effort and making his own decisions, Oedipus ends up fulfilling the prophecy through a series of…...
The Ethical Dimensions of Global Environmental Issues
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Some of the environmental problems the world face today stems from direct or indirect impacts of the water cycle. I believe globalization has had a great impact on various issues, i.e. food safety and security, global environmental change, and emerging infectious diseases. However, people and communities globally come to experience increasingly common social and cultural environmental issues that include loss of vegetation, and taming rivers and wetlands (Wadham. n.d). Globalization has also created some areas of concern, and prominent among…...
Chinese Religions and Beliefs: Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism
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Religion Three Major Religions or philosophies shaped many of the ideas and history of Ancient China. They include: Taoism Confucianism Buddhism Taoism Was founded during the Zhou Dynasty in the 6th century by Lao-Tzu. Tao Te Ching is a book that has his beliefs and philosophies. At that time under this religion, one of the beliefs was that people should be with one nature and that all living things have a universal force flowing through them (Yin and Yang). These…...
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FAQ about Philosophy

Ethics: What is Moral Absolutism?

...Ethical relativism and the subjective aspects of Christian ethic are not all the same. 2Christian ethic is the study of the way to live life and is taught by God through the Bible. They are applied problems and decisions of society that we encounter ...

What is the Significance of Fate and Destiny in Romeo and Juliet?

...In addition to accidents and coincidences being an influence that caused Romeo and Juliet’s death, good intentions were too. Friar Lawrence marrying Juliet and Romeo to end the feud that was going on between the Capulets and Montagues. He said to R...

Why People Believe in Fate

...“The fates were personified as three very old women who spin the threads of human destiny” (Britannica 1). Their names were Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. “Clotho spun the “thread” of human fate, Lachesis dispensed it, and Atropos cut the t...

Who is Most Responsible for the Deaths in William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet

...In summary, the minor characters contribute to the deaths of Romeo and Juliet. As stated previously, if there had not been a feud between the families, none of this would have occurred. Secondly, the lack of support from Juliet’s Nurse in her time ...

Who Could Be Responsible for the Tragic Death of Romeo and Juliet

...The nurse also surprisingly took a role in their deaths. In act three scene five the nurse states “ I think it's best if you married with the county. Oh, he is a lovely gentleman. Romeo's a dishclout compared to him.” The nurse is pressuring Juli...

What Characters and Ideas Contribute to the Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?

...Ultimately, Shakespeare illustrates the character flaws in Romeo and Juliet that results in devastating consequences, yet end the violence between the Capulets and the Montagues. Romeo and Juliet concludes with tranquillity finally being restored in ...

Who Is to Blame for the Tragedy of Romeo and Juliet?

...Ultimately, fate is the main cause of the tragedy of Romeo and Juliet because most of the main points in the play which lead to their deaths occurred because fat willed it so. the younger generation is least to blame because most of their actions wer...