Juveniles should not be tried and held to the same standards as adults and according to the documentary, “Prison Kids Juvenile Justice in America”, the United States locks up more young kids than any other country. People need to look into these juvenile living situations like how they were raised, the environment in which they were raised, and also whether the parents were present in their lives. Furthermore, society overlooks scientific research on the teenage brain that is useful because it gives a better understanding for why juveniles may behave a certain way and why their actions are sometimes unexplainable. In the article, “Starling Finds on Teenage Brains” by Paul Thompson, he discovers that a massive loss of brain tissue occurs in the teenage brain which is associated with area that control impulses, risk-taking, and rash actions. Thompson states that teens need all the help they can get to guide them onto the right path and that the legal system should not treat them as adults because of their underdeveloped brains.
Hart and Debate on Law and Morality
H.L.A Hart, a British legal philosopher argued that a German woman who vindictively yet truthfully reported her husband’s seditious statements to the Nazi’s ought to be legally punished for her betrayal. Being set in 1944 Germany, the woman only followed the statutes put in place by the Third Reich, making it illegal to make statements detrimental to the government or impairing the military defense of the German people. In handing the German woman a legal punishment, a moral dilemma presents…...
Juvenile JusticeLaw And MoralityMorality
The Juvenile Intervention Program
Abstract The Juvenile Intervention ProgramIn my opinion I believe that the juvenile justice system is better off now then back a hundred years ago. There is always room for improvement. The treatment of kids has greatly improved, for example, kids who commit a petty crime like theft would definitely be treated differently than a kid a hundred years ago. The kid a hundred years ago would have been thrown in jail with other adults who have committed more heinous crimes…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrisonSocial Issues
Current Practice in the Juvenile Justice System
Introduction The juvenile justice system is a specific component of the judiciary that processes cases of youth aged 18 years and below accused of participation in delinquency or criminal acts. There exist multiple similarities between the system and the adult justice system, especially the mode of executing the process. The processes involved include arrest, detainment, petitions, hearings, adjudications, dispositions, placement, probation, and reentry. The application of the juvenile justice system embraces the fact that youth are different from adults in…...
JusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemSocial Issues
The History of Juvenile Justice and Today’s Juvenile Courts
What I wanna talk about is the history throughout the years from how it all began to how it’s changed or what should start the same and be improved. that changes are needed if the juvenile justice system is to meet its aims of holding adolescents accountable, preventing reoffending, and treating them fairly. Adolescence is a distinct period of development between childhood and adulthood characterized by experimentation and risk-taking, a tendency to discount long-term consequences, and sensitivity to peers and…...
AdolescenceCriminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice System
Juvenile Corrections Issue
The United States correctional and juvenile detention centers are plagued by sexual abuse allegations, with reports showing a rising trend of sexual assault cases annually. Besides, reports by Just Detention International, ascertain that the majority of the victims are sexually assaulted multiple times (2015). Rape and molestation allegations rates are high among the juvenile detention centers, which holds approximately 70000 youths. A juvenile refers to an individual who is yet to be considered an adult as per the constitution, that…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrisonSocial Issues
Implications of Parole and Probation in the Justice System
Abstract Parole and Probation are both quite similar concepts applied within the justice system. However, there is a slight difference between the two. Probation is granted by a judge as an alternative to serving an actual jail sentence, whereas parole can only be granted after the offender has served some portion of their sentence. Therefore, parole is considered a privilege to prisoners serving their sentences where probation is an alternative to sentencing. In both, the probationer and the parolee have…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrisonSocial Issues
What’s the Meaning of Life in Prison for Juveniles?
Juvenile Imprisonment Without Parole applies to a life period in jail with little possibility of release granted to an inmate under the age of 18. Sometimes this subject causes intense tension because of the offense it convicts, murder and aging element. This statement alludes to a black or white conclusion when in reality there are shades of gray. Simply committing an child to life imprisonment without the possibility of freedom is illegal. A solution to the situation will include providing…...
AdolescenceChildJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrisonViolence
Effects of Solitary Confinement on The Recidivism Rate of Juveniles
Introduction There has been initiatives and reforms as recently as the Obama administration banning the use of solitary confinement on a federal level for juveniles, but the effects of solitary confinement has already impacted thousands of juveniles in the criminal justice system (Liptak, 2016). Solitary confinement is best known as the housing of an individual with limited contact with others, while being confined to a small space during incarceration (National Commision on Correctional Health Care, 2018). Discussions and studies of…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemSocial Issues
Trying and Sentencing Juveniles in the Adult Court System
Introduction In 2006, Cyntoia Brown, a 16-year-old girl was tried and sentenced to life in prison after being convicted of murder (Quandt, 2018). Cyntoia was found guilty of killing a man who had hired her as a female escort for sex. In her testimony, Cyntoia explained that “she killed the man in self-defense, that she was forced into prostitution by an abusive boyfriend after escaping an abusive home” (Quandt, 2018). Unfortunately, all her pleads never mattered in the Tennessee court…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemMorality
Should Juveniles be Charged as Adults?
Many times, juveniles believe that because they are minors, they can not or will not be tried as an adult. Having the mindset going into something that you will not have any severe consequences is unhealthy because it automatically gives you the assumption that because you are a child you get let off the hook. There is no fear being put into children if there are no severe consequences to what they do. I strongly affirm that in cases of…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemLaw And Morality
Juvenile Crime: Wrongfully Accused for ommitting a Crime
There are teens who are wrongfully accused for committing a crime. It doesn’t depend on DNA testing, eyewitness testimonies, alibis, and confessions from other suspects and victims who were involved in a crime scene. Teens, who were wrongfully accused, may or may not end up going to jail because of social beliefs and other offenses. In a 2001 documentary Murder on a Sunday Morning by Jean-Xavier de Lestrade, a murder case in Jacksonville, Florida, involving a defendant named Brenton Butler,…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemMurder
Racial Bias in Juvenile Incarceration
Abstract Racial and ethnic discrimination continues to concern juvenile justice systems nationwide, the data supports the theory of racial bias and disparities in juvenile court. In 2001, black youth were four times as likely for severe sentencing than white juveniles. Nearly 60,000 youth in the United States under age 18 are imprisoned in juvenile detention centers and prisons due to stereotyping them as devious hard criminals. Judges and arresting officers believe confining and cutting black youth off from their families…...
BiasJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemSocial Issues
The Development of the Juvenile Justice System
The first juvenile court system was established in Illinois in 1899, before this system came into play children were seen as “miniature adults”. Therefore, they were tried and punished as adults. After research and advance understanding of how a child’s brain works, developers, and a push for a compassionate approach changed it all. In the 1880 and 1920, there was a large wave of immigration and urbanization. Which caused hundreds of children to be on the streets and committing crimes.…...
Criminal JusticeCriminal Justice SystemJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice System
Juvenile Crime: Second Chance in Life
Juvenile Justice consists of many controversies surrounding the criminal’s sentencing, age, teen brain development, and overall their actions. People argue that teens shouldn’t be tried as adults because research says “the frontal lobe which inhibit our violent passions, rash actions, and regulate our emotions, are vastly immature throughout the teenage years” (Thompson 7). They prefer teens to have a second chance in life with the right social skills and rehabilitation help in order to achieve the overall goal to be…...
AdolescenceJuvenileJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrison
Should Juveniles Be Charged as Adults in the Criminal Justice System?
As young adults growing up in society it can be extremely challenging to fit in. This is the case for most juveniles. Juveniles tend to feel their safest around others like themselves hence the reasons they join gangs. Over the course of this paper I will be discussing the history of youth gangs, the factors that causes juveniles to join gangs, and the demographic characteristics of gang members. Youth gangs were claimed to be first originated in Europe or Mexico.…...
AbuseDomestic ViolenceEssay gangJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice System
History of the Juvenile Justice System
The juvenile court system was founded in the United States somewhat more than a century prior. Preceding that time, children and youth were viewed as smaller adults and were then tried and disciplined as adults. Be that as it may, propels in the comprehension of child advancement and the push for a progressively caring methodology changed the entirety of that. Early adolescent establishments in the United States depended on the English Bridewell foundation which stressed the education of life and…...
Criminal JusticeHistoryJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrison
Youth Welfare and Juvenile Justice
This essay will present the youth welfare in Australia and the programs for the young people and juvenile justice system which is based on three broad models. Then, the link between youth welfare and juvenile justice system and also the effectiveness of relationship between two systems will be mentioned. In addition, the role of social worker in juvenile justice systems will be followed. There is a scope of youth welfare across Australia’s states and Territories . Regardless of growing debate…...
CrimeJusticeJuvenileJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeSocial Work
The Juvenile Justice System
A paper which explores how the Juvenile Justice System typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdiction. Juvenile Justice The Juvenile Justice System as it typically functions in America's thousands of jurisdictions is the subject that will be covered. The Juvenile Justice System is defined as that "sociolegal process having responsibility and authority for public reaction to current juvenile delinquency and deterrence of future juvenile delinquency, including within that process the public and private agents, agencies, laws, rules, and policies having…...
Criminal JusticeJusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemMorality
United States of America, what a beautiful place to live where great opportunities lie ahead of you and the American dream is right around the corner. Although United States of America is one of the most valued countries in the world with booming economy and intelligence, we face problems of our own such as homicides, terrorism, immigration, politics and etc. One of the biggest problems that we face today is prison gangs. It is very important to know and to…...
CrimeCrime And PunishmentCriminal JusticeJuvenile JusticeJuvenile Justice SystemPrison
Juvenile Justice Research Paper
Abstract The juvenile Justice System has gone through many changes in America and are represented through six main periods that will be discussed in this paper. The periods are called the Puritan Era (1646–1824), the Refuge Period (1824-1899), the Juvenile Court Period (1899-1960), The Juvenile Rights Period (1960-1980), the Crime Control Period (1980-2005), and The Kids are Different Period (2005-present). Juvenile Justice has constantly changed depending on the beliefs, needs and wants of society during a certain era. There are…...
CrimeCriminal JusticeCriminologyGovernmentJuvenileJuvenile Delinquency
Effectiveness of juvenile justice
There is no doubt that youthful offending has occurred throughout recorded history. Youth offenders are grouped in an individual division of the criminal justice system, known as the Juvenile Justice System. Juvenile Justice is an extensive term, encompassing numerous aspects of the criminal justice system, from criminology, to crime prevention strategies, punishment and rehabilitation. According to the Children (Criminal Proceedings) Act 1987 (NSW), juvenile justice refers to the system of criminal law which deals with offenders between the ages of…...
CrimeJusticeJuvenile DelinquencyJuvenile JusticeLawPrison
Morals usually are the guiding principles in just about everybody's life. Humans generally tend to do what is considered to be "right" and astray from what is "wrong", but in some cases, people choose to do what is considered "wrong". However, people believe that children should be dealt with much more lightly because they're not adults yet. On the other hand, I disagree that children should be exempt from punishment, and I fully agree with the four justices that believe…...
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on Juvenile Justice
Instead of locking up juveniles for life, the legal system should be helping these kids out by sending them to rehabilitation centers where they can get professional help and receive a second chance to redeem themselves while learning from their mistakes. Many of these kids need help but instead are locked up and left with discouraging spirits of a second chance. The legal system and those against the Supreme Court’s decision find it easier to punish juveniles rather than try and help turn a child around. What goes on in these prisons, how juveniles are treated, and other possible consequences are overlooked. In the documentary, “Prison Kids”, Glenn Holt, the superintendent at the Youth Study Center in New Orleans, states that these systems can really “mess up” a kid and create problems that were never there from the start.
Practices in jails and prisons like solitary confinement actually make people far more dangerous. Dr. Stuart Grassian, a psychiatrist, states that once juveniles are put into solitary confinement, they get worse because the experience is torture. These young kids can get PTSD while inside solitary confinement and need medications to treat other mental health issues which will alter brain activity. Despite my opinion, people will argue that these “murders” should not get a second chance because they are adults when they commit crimes and that if they are not locked up for life, juveniles will continue heinous acts. However, according to Gail Garinger, a juvenile court judge in Massachusetts from 1995 to 2008 states that as a former judge, he has seen the capability teens have to change with proper help and time to mature. In a short video, “New Model for Juvenile Justice”, the Waverly Regional Youth Center in Missouri takes a new approach on how to help troubled teens instead of throwing them in confined cells for life. The staff there tries to solve the issues juveniles have by encouraging teens to talk about their struggles, their emotions, and are given tips to help recovery even after they leave the center.
Many of these kids don’t have a great family growing up who showed them love and in the center, they are treated like a family and given hope that a second chance will help them right their wrongs. In the frontline PBS film, “Second Chance Kids”, Anthony Rolan was seventeen year old when he committed murder. He took full responsibility for his actions and when he was convicted, he states “they want me to die in prison”. Rolan states that the legal system doesn’t take your personal circumstances into account. However, he was given a second chance at parole and was able to turn his life around. He’s a prime example that even those who commit heinous crimes are capable of change because he’s now a father, a productive employee of a national company, and a law-abiding citizen
In short, I agree with the Supreme Court’s ruling and truly believe that juveniles who committed crimes should still be held accountable for their action and serve time but life without parole is not the answer. If locking up young kids would help them learn a lesson, then the United States would be the safest country. These juveniles need rehabilitation and should get a second chance to turn themselves around.