Essay, Pages 10 (2311 words)
As I was born and brought up in Almora, a small town in Almora district situates in the foothills of the majestic Himalayas in the state of Uttarakhand .
I completed my studies in Almora which is undoubtedly a beautiful place and like other places in the hilly region of Uttarakhand, it is prone to natural calamities like an earthquake, cloud-burst and land slide etc. Though endowed with the scenic beauty and a peaceful atmosphere which makes it a heaven to live here, there is a dark side of this picture which makes it no less than a hell due to natural disasters.
The most alarming point is that these calamities are unpredictable resulting in a great loss of human beings, animals and agricultural land. I have come to know through the media the damages done to the mankind by such natural calamities.
The flash floods triggered by heavy rainfall and cloud burst in Uttarakhand on 16-17 June 2013 which created havoc drew the attention of the whole nation towards framing the medical measures.
I have myself witnessed the damage done to a part of our house due to continuous rainfall as well as had a narrow escape that time, I can realize the severity and loss done to the mankind by a landslide , a cloud burst or an earthquake. All this prompted me to do my bit for the prediction of such natural occurrences. We can’t stop these hazards but, at least, a timely warning, if given to the people living in such sensitive areas, many lives can be saved and loss in any form can be reduced.
A humble effort towards saving the life of human beings and animals can be made by sending an alert signal to the remote places even if we fall helpless for non-living things.
There are many ways available now days to forecast the weather conditions; few of these are reliable too in Uttarakhand. Being a hilly area, the implementation of the available advance technology is not feasible due to vulnerable geographies, especially in the interior areas of Uttarakhand, where we have to develop a mobile-network.
The people living in these remote and difficult geographical areas are neither so rich nor literate that they can access the Internet. Living in these areas where survival is of prime importance, people do not have time to get internet access or use smart phone to look for the weather forecast even if they may have the above facilities.
Owing to the versatility and convenience of mobile App, people are getting familiar with the App which provides a simple way to find the weather forecast. Though it is very difficult to predict an earthquake but cloud burst and land slide can very well be predicted by making use of App. In view of all the above factors and observations I decided to work on such an App, which could specifically predict the devastating happenings like heavy rainfall and landslides so that people in Uttarakhand can get an alert signal to make timely safety measures to protect at least themselves and their animals. It is an “ANDROID APPLICATION” and even if a person is having a normal cell-phone, a warning bulk text messages can be sent with the help of an ISP.
In 2012, by God grace, I got admission in DSVV (Dev Sanskriti Vishwavidyalaya) ,Haridwar, as a Ph.D scholar in computer science. This institution blooming with the blessings of the most adorable “Guruji” and the gracious “Maataji” has given me an altogether new experience in life. Iam fortunate to have an opportunity to persue my Ph.D work in this environment with kind support and valuable guidance of my honourable guide Dr.Abhay Saxena, Head of the computer science department at DSVV, Haridwar.
To analyze the problems faced by the people living in the sensitive and vulnerable areas of Uttarakhand and try to get the possible solutions to make the people aware.
- How technology can help people facing disaster.
- To Design and develop such an application which people can easily view.
- To Bridging the digital divide by developing an easy application having simple GUI.
- To design and develop an application which could not only forecast weather but also send an alert message that there is a possibility of cloud-burst.
- It can also help the disaster management system so that they can expedite relief and precautionary measures can be taken well in advance to save the lives and damage.
Brief Outline of the Research Topic:
Drops of water glittering on a flower are a delight. A stream of water gushing through a forest is a wonder. But a sudden transient rush of water created by a gigantic earthquake is a disaster. Nature in big doses changes our world. Nature will always dazzle, shake, gush and wallop. It can destroy but also has the strength to protect and restore the system. It is a bitter truth that no one can escape from a Natural Calamity. So many deaths, diseases, economic and social losses are some results of natural calamity.
Disaster risk is on the rise all the way through the world. It is a well known fact that natural disasters strike countries, both developed and developing, causing huge destruction and creating human sufferings and producing negative impacts on national economies. Due to various geo-climatic conditions prevalent in different parts of the globe, different types of natural disasters like floods, droughts, cloudburst, earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, volcanoes, etc. strikes according to the vulnerability of the area. India is considered as the world’s most disaster prone country. It has witnessed devastating natural disasters in recent past like droughts, floods, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides.
In order to manage the tourism contingency, the vulnerable nature of tourism plays an important role. To manage the disaster is one of the main factors and objective of tourism department so that they will be able to track the visitors towards their destinations and places. There are different kinds of contingency such as war, terrorism; crime and natural disaster make a great impact on the community, religion, state, and country on a large scale. There are many destinations that always face the threats of the contingencies. Hence, it can be said that to manage the disaster and threats is a most important task for the tourism department.
Furthermore, there are large number of questions that make a question market on the arrangement of tourism destination such as their management, system, security, location, conflict handling that make great impact on the mind and investment policy of the different stakeholders (Ziegler, Wasson, Bhardwaj, Sundriyal, Sati, Juyal & Saklani, 2014). A different example of a natural disaster like earthquake, flood, and cloudburst, heavy rainfall, landslides etc. are the main reason that affects the lives of people and their citizen. Those events can motive huge aftermaths, for my part or in combination, to create a bad photo at the safety, safety or desirability of traveller locations.
Thereby, it possesses challenges for the concerned government and nearby communities to take a look at the ingredients of disaster control techniques. The levels to which emergency service is initiated to face disaster can continually be seriously examined when disaster overrules. Really, the one’s factors do no longer represent the totality of problems that can affect negatively the vacation spot photograph. however, the subject can increase to analyze how a destination and its tourism industry behaviour a marketing campaign to repair its image and get better its market from the harm prompted by way of these occasions.
This study mainly focuses on the case of Uttarakhand because it is represented as a destination and highly visiting place, especially for the religious quality. It also describes the various disasters and their management system by taking consideration of various steps. It also explains the different management plans so that people will be able to get effective treatment and facility after facing the trouble (Ziegler, Wasson, Bhardwaj, Sundriyal, Sati, Juyal & Saklani, 2014). It also includes different strategies so that people will be warned before happening of such natural tragedy in advance so that they shift one place to another safe place without making any harm to themselves. They also analyses some marketing strategies and campaigns so that all the destination situated in
Uttarakhand will be preserved and secured by effective investment done by the different stakeholders., government etc. By presenting the various examples related to the disaster of Uttarakhand such as Kedarnath disaster etc. It describes the conditions and sequences of the treaty in the state. At last, it also describes the various prevention programs and strategy that make effective control so that their people live without any fear in a state. The whole report explains the role of Destination Management Organisation and their implementation strategy so that they keep the destination in Uttarakhand secured and safe in an effective manner.
A disaster is referees to the suddenly happened events that do not give any warning to the other for their happening. It may cause by various reasons such as climate and weather changes, pollution in environment, high temperature etc. All these factors give the birth of negative impact on the like of human, animal, environment and surroundings in a great extant. While analysing the range and happening of the disaster, it can be found that Uttarakhand is the state that denoted to be a high range of disaster place. The most common tragedy in Uttarakhand are Earthquake, flood, hill melting, cloud bursting that highly affect the life of people. Hence, it is essential for the country or state to make an effective control so that disaster is managed in a right way by adopting right strategy. This report mainly focusing on the case of Uttarakhand disaster and their management system by taking into several case study and events already happened in the states. It also describes the role of government, legal parties, different organisation in order to mitigate the risk by adopt right management tool in an effective manner.
Natural disasters and calamities throw big challenge for national governments in many countries Asia – Pacific region. Earthquakes, floods, cyclones, epidemics, tsunamis, and landslides have become repeatedly taking a heavy toll of life and property in the common event. In such serious disaster Conditions, the major challenge for the authorities of life (human and animal), asset protection, and Necessary for disaster mitigation vital life – support infrastructure. Any delay or laxity in disaster relief Victims may increase the magnitude of the crisis. Advanced disaster management technology are Disaster-related disaster management authorities in times of crisis providing an important support system. Such a technology in modern times any of the action plan for disaster management provides critical inputs. Ranging from natural disasters, social and natural habitats inflict serious damage on almost the entire spectrum For information on housing and shelter, water, food, health, sanitation, and waste management and Communication networks, power and energy, and transport infrastructure supply.
Major the challenges faced in the pre-disaster early warning of disasters infrastructure include; Food supply and Clean drinking water; Health and sanitation; Information and communication; Electricity for lighting and energy And cooking; Rapid disposal of dead bodies of humans and animals, including the collection and disposal of waste; Disaster-proof housing and shelter; Emergency and post-disaster shelters; Rescue and relief operations; And Transport infrastructure. The rapid advancement of technology in all these areas can be efficiently deployed to meet the challenges Disasters emerging from the horrors of death in terms of reducing and minimizing the impact of disasters Rehabilitation of the affected population to improve health and sanitary conditions of the casualties, Victims, etc. Special technical solutions, which can be used in all phases of disaster management namely, disaster preparedness, disaster mitigation, and post-disaster rehabilitation.
Traditionally, disaster management and develop locally appropriate technology uses indigenous to an extent. As people in disaster-prone areas, over generations, have developed traditional techniques efficient solutions to many of the problems related to the disaster. These technologies are considered to be cultural Consistent and inclusive indigenous populations. These technologies and methods, however, many and consider the applicability is restricted, limiting their ability to reduce the impact of disasters officer Such as floods, earthquakes, and severity of natural disasters such as cyclones. Hence the need arises for Disaster management, wherever and whenever possible application of modern technology. Several Frontier Such as space technology, modern information and communication systems, sectors such as renewable energy, Advanced Medical Diagnostics, and remotely operated robot system for rescue and relief operations, the Useful applications in disaster management efforts. A number of advanced technologies and equipment that already have entered the market in recent years could provide important support for disaster management Program.
Uttrakhand- A brief overview-demographical
Uttrakhand was formed on November 9, 2000 as the 27th state of India. Uttarakhand is a state located in the northern part of India. It borders China Tibet on the north. Nepal on the East and the Indian states of Uttar pradesh to the south, Haryana to the west and Himachal Pradesh to the North-west. The Capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun which is the largest city in the region and has the highest concentration of major employers in manufacturing, professional, technical and educational services in the state.
There are 13 districts in Uttarakhand which are grouped into two divisions Kumaun and Garhwaldistricts(Almora,Bageshwar,Chamoli,Champawat,dehradun,Haridwar,Nainital,Pauri,Pithoragarh,Rudraprayag,Tehri,Udham Singh Nagar,Uttarkashi) covering an area of about 53,5666 km2 of which 93% is mountainous and 64% area is covered by forest. As per census report of Uttarakhand, the total population of the State is 10,116,752; of which male and female are 5,154,178 and 4,962,574, respectively which has increased from 84,89,349, the total population of the state as per Census 2001 where 43,25,924 were males and 41,63,425 were females. This area is bounded by 28degree43′ N to 31degree27′ N latitude &77degree34’E to 81degree02′ E longitude (Figure 1.1). The Kumaun division includes six and Garhwal division includes seven districts.