Culture and Tradition of India

Indian culture is categorized as one of the ancient cultures of the world. It is a very old and unique culture with great historical significance. The cultural diversity is a great feature of India. Different states of India from North to South have their own distinct cultural identity. Comparing different cultures of the world with Indian Culture will allow you to understand the uniqueness that Indian culture possesses. The geographical conditions of this vast nation have lots of varieties also. Indus Valley Civilization is one such example of the ancient civilization that was based in India.

India is home to religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism.

Spreading from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, this country is the second most populous and largest democracy in the world, in which people of different religions live together, and here all religions are equally respected. Where countries around the world follow only few religions, India is a secular country even after being a Hindu majority country.

Architecture and Art

Indian Architecture is synonymous with Taj Mahal, one of the Seven Wonders of the World recognized by UNESCO. It was built in the memory of Mumtaz Mahal by her husband the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the 16th century. This monument is a mixture of architectural styles originated from Islamic, Persian, Ottomon, Turkish and India cultures. There are many ancient temples in India like Kedarnath Temple, Jagannath Temple, Venkateswara Temple, and Somnath Temple etc that personifies the Indian Architecture and Art.

Top Writers
Academic Giant
Verified expert
5 (345)
Verified expert
5 (298)
Prof Evander
Verified expert
4.8 (654)
hire verified writer


There are over 1600 films in different languages being produced by the Indian Film Industry. Bollywood is the most famed and largest sector of Indian Film Industry that usually targets the Hindi audience. As per Golden Globes, Lumière Brothers introduced the art of cinema to India for the first time ever by showing their film at Mumbai in 1896. Then Dadasaheb Phalke produced the first full length motion picture in India named Raja Harishchandra in 1913, It was a silent film. In present the Bollywood films are famous for its action, comedy, romance, vibrant dancing, and rap songs.


Women in Sarees signify the Indian clothing traditions. They usually wear colorful silk sarees. Dhoti-Kurta is traditional clothing worn by men. Dhoti is a unstitched piece of clothing worn around the waist and legs alongside the Kurta which is a knee-length loose shirt worn by man. Quite similar to a Kurta is Sherwani or Achkan which is used by men for appearing in special events. Sherwani is a long coat with a collar having no lapel, and it is worn by man by buttoning it up from the collar and down to the knees. Nehru Jacket is a famed version of Sherwani named after India’s first ever Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru created mainly for the Western market. The length of a Nehru Jacket is shorter in comparison to a traditional Sherwani. Although Jawaharlal Nehru never worn the Nehru Jacket, and liked to use Achkan as per Indian Newspaper named Tehelka.

Festivals in India

India has diverse religious and cultural backgrounds, so people of India celebrate festivals of different types, flavors, and colors. As a result, it makes festivities in this country so special to experience. Festivals of India have their own colors, whether its Holi (festival of colors) or Diwali (festival of lights) or Eid or Christmas, every festival has its own vibe, and the special thing is that these festivals are celebrated together by everyone despite of their religion.

Fair or Mela

Another thing which attracts lakhs of people around the world is fairs of India; one can see the culture of India during the celebration of various fairs celebrated with high spirit and enthusiasm in each and every town.

Some Important Fairs of India are

Kumbh Mela- It is the largest fair in the world, more than 70 million people participate in Prayag Kumbh. This fair is celebrated in a cycle of approximately 12 years at four river-bank pilgrimage sites: the Prayag (Ganges-Yamuna-mythical Saraswati rivers confluence), Haridwar (Ganges), Nashik(Godavari), and Ujjain (Shipra). The festival is marked by a ritual dip in the waters, but it is also a celebration of community commerce with numerous fairs, education, religious discourses by saints.

Pushkar fair- It is one of the largest camel and livestock fair. Held in a small town of Rajasthan, attracts thousands of tourists. The main attraction of this fair which is loved by everyone is competitions and games like, Matka Daud, Longest moustache, Bridal makeup.


India introduces yoga to the world. Yoga has been an intrinsic part of Indian culture for over 5000 years. International Day of Yoga or commonly referred to as “Yoga Day” is celebrated annually on June 21 since its inception in 2015.

World Heritage Sites in India

There are 43 World heritage sites in India as on July 2019

These World Heritage Sites in India are considered to be of immense cultural and natural importance in the world.

These sites are:

  • Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University), Bihar
  • Khangchendzonga National Park, Sikkim
  • Capitol Complex, Chandigarh
  • Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh
  • Rani Ki Vav, Patan, Gujarat
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka
  • Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka
  • Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh
  • Hill Forts of Rajasthan
  • Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, Bihar
  • Churches and Convents of Goa
  • Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh
  • Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu
  • up of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
  • Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh
  • Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
  • Elephanta Caves, Maharashtra
  • Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
  • Manas Wild Life Sanctuary, Assam
  • Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Uttarakhand
  • SundarbansNational Park, West Bengal
  • Western Ghats
  • Humayun’s Tomb, New Delhi
  • Red Fort Complex, Delhi
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), Maharashtra
  • Sun Temple, Konark, Odisha
  • Jantar Mantar, Jaipur, Rajasthan
  • Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
  • Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh
  • Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
  • Mountain Railways of India
  • Qutb Minar and its Monuments, New Delhi
  • Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat

Indian Food

The food culture is also the identity of India, whether it’s the Kahawa of Kashmir or the Dal Baati Churma of Rajasthan, Biryani of Hyderabad or Lucknow or Dosa and Idli of Tamil Nadu, Here you will find a variety of food at every four steps, which is probably difficult to find in any other part of the world.

Indian cuisine is so popular that many Hollywood and western television shows have references to it, showing it as part of their popular culture.

Recipes are passed down from generation to generation and also improved and adapted based on personal taste and available ingredients. Consequently, if you practice a single recipe for hundreds of years, you’re going to get it right.

You eat with your eyes and nose before you eat with your mouth, as Indian food is both fragrant and colorful.

Indian food has slowly but surely found its way into the hearts and stomachs of cities around the United States.

Natural Beauty of India

Talking about beauty, it would not be wrong to say India has one of the most beautiful landscapes in the world with geographical diversity. The highest mountain in the world, Himalaya is the crown of India, its snow-capped beautiful peaks or flower-covered valleys of Uttrakhand and Himachal, or the Mughal era buildings in Delhi or the Palaces of Rajasthan, or the mesmerizing white marble Tajmahal or seaside goa, everything makes India different.

Cite this page

Culture and Tradition of India. (2021, Apr 01). Retrieved from

Are You on a Short Deadline? Let a Professional Expert Help You
Let’s chat?  We're online 24/7