It stated that for every couple only a single child was permitted. It was distasteful for a majority of the population due to cultural reasons and without the proper enforcement was Ineffective with most Chinese neglecting to obey the new laws. This was countered by the government with some changes to the policy and the Implementation of an enforcement and education scheme. The mall change that was Included Into the policy was the ability for rural families to have two children Instead of Just the one which was retained for urban areas.
This gave them a greater chance of having a male and also for the need o sustain a large workforce farming the land supplying China with agricultural produce. The government’s enforcement strategy was too create enforcement officers that would be allocated a region for which they where responsible in enforcing the policy. Extremely harsh penalties where implemented and an education system was set up to try and educate the population in safe sex with the open availability and distribution of contraception.
They also set a propaganda machine into action advertising the benefits of having a small family including a better lifestyle and accommodation. The policy has been extremely effective to this point and has slowed down the countries population growth curve considerably and In the near future the government hopes to have a totally stable population. India has also recognized the need for the implementation of a policy to help stem their population growth however they elected to take a more soft line approach.
India was one of the first countries to introduce a family planning policy in the early sass’s.
This policy aimed to educate the population on family planning where families would be offered the facilities to plan their families and thus reduce the size of the average Indian family. It was also aimed at educating the population on contraception and sterilization options open to them making these techniques accessible to the entire population. Fifty years later on these steps towards stemming population growth have been Inadequate to save India from the oncoming perils of overpopulation as It passes the 1 Billion mark.
Many of the states do not uphold the policy and with little to know enforcement Its Insufficiency Is coasting the governments projected growth outcomes greatly. The Indian Government has offered incentives to active T. V and many others. Unfortunately this has not had the substantial effect that was hopped for by the government. Many people believe that the main reason for the policies failure to stem population growth substantially lies in the cultural mindset of the male dominated country and until this is addressed very little will change.
Both countries will have to deal with the consequences that will arise from overpopulation if this occurs. Overpopulation will bring about huge strains on their natural recourses such as the fertility of their soils required for the agricultural industry and mineral deposits required to create energy and for use in their manufacturing industries that brings all the wealth into the country and creates Jobs for most of the population. It will also lead to a lack of food to feed the ever growing population leading to wide spread starvation.
Land for housing will disappear under the urban sprawl that will be stretching its reach right into the rural areas required for farming. These consequences are what drive governments to implement population control measures so as to insure it never comes to this. Many western countries have looked upon both India and China with disgust towards some parts of their policies that have been implemented. Both countries have introduced sterilization programs aimed at sterilizing the female population after they have had there allocated number of children.
This is looked upon by the westernizes countries as taking away their very human rights and that no government should have the power to do so. In china where the one child policy is in place a couple interested in having a child must apply and then go through all the procedures put in place by the policy to make sure they are worthy parents before the female becomes pregnant, once more viewed at obstructing their human rights.
In both countries female infant suicide is a major issue with the preference of males ever females in the rural less developed areas. This also leads to late abortions being done up to six months after the woman was first pregnant with the baby fully developed. These practices are not condemned by the governments and in some cases in China are forced upon the woman who has already had their allocated number of children with the penalties for noncompliance being equal to two years of the entire family’s wage.
This is a serious problem bringing about an unbalance of males to females in both countries. These are some issues that will need to be fixed ND then adapted into the policies if either of the two countries policies will be looked upon favorably by westernizes countries. Both policies do contain the same overall aim of trying to limit the population growth within their countries and they both face the same consequences if this is not achieved.
However India and China have adopted different approaches in achieving this goal with Indian’s soft line policy aimed around a family planning scheme to Chinas hard line One Child Policy aimed at having a spontaneous and dramatic affect on the population growth rate. This has lead to Chinas policy being extremely effective with a quick slowing down in their population growth rate of and will undoubtedly saves them from any of the consequences of over population.
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