All Quiet on the Western Front Literary Devices essay

The earth, as in the soil beneath our feet, is considered approved every day, but never by a soldier on the front lines. Erich Maria Remarque explains this through his character Paul Bäumer in the excerpt of his unique All Quiet on the Western Front. Paul is discussing the results that war on the front can leave with a soldier, the hopelessness, impulse of an animal, and gratitude for things as easy as the earth that we walk on. While describing these results Remarque utilizes literary and rhetorical devices.

Portraying Paul's sense of being defenseless and caught as an effect of being on the battle front, Remarque utilizes different literary devices to describe Paul's feelings.

The narrator Paul states, "To me the front is a mysterious whirlpool" a "vortex sucking me ... into itself." This extended metaphor expresses the hopelessness that the war entrusts to soldier. The vortex represents the loss of optimism in the weary soldiers and how it is "irresistibly" and "inescapably" happening.

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This paragraph of the passage could also be an example of how Remarque utilizes parallelism to tell of the effects.The front not just causes the soldiers to acquire a muffled mind, however to likewise acquire thankfulness. While discussing the appreciation they get when battling to endure at the front, Remarque uses different types of imagery to reveal their deep sensation towards the ground.

"To no man doe the earth imply so much as to a soldier". He personifies the earth by calling it "her" and produces an image of the earth as a mom figure, securing and sheltering the soldiers.

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Then, later on in the passage, Remarque writes as if Paul is applauding the ground as a God, saying that it has "redeemed them" and "given the soldiers a brand-new life". This can be taken as a dosage overboard, however, this image the soldiers have actually devised of the earth in their mind, "she" has saved them, physically and religiously.

Concluding the effects that Remarque characterizes in this portion of the novel, He describes the sudden takeover of animalistic instinct while in battle. This instinct is the difference between life and death. Paul tells that a man will find himself on the ground, right at the moment that a shell flies over him. Yet he cannot remember if he had heard it or what had happened “one cannot explain it.”

This is the instinct that appears when your mind has departed “It is this other, this second sight in us.” Paul claims that this is what saves them. A literary device used near the end was when Paul says “…there would not be one man alive from Flanders to the Vosges.” This is a hyperbole, because it is an exaggeration. Remarque continues the idea of animal instinct using an oxymoron: the soldiers come to the front and “become on the instant human animals.” He suggests that these soldiers retain the shape of humanity but have developed animal-like qualities in order to survive.

This is a tragic consequence of war- the loss of humanity and civility. In the end Paul learns that he will never be the same. The profound transformations that he has endured during while being at the front have scared him beyond repair. This amplifies the hopelessness they feel, because if they do not die physically they will die emotionally. Remarque uses literary devices throughout the passage to emphasize to affect how the text is read. He uses personification multiple times throughout the paragraphs. When speaking of the soldier’s appreciation of the earth, Remarque personifies the earth and they develop strong feelings towards it. “O Earth, thou grantest us the great resisting surge of new-won life.” The overall message of the expert is the affect of the war on a soldiers mind. He will do anything to survive, he will find new recognition, and he will even give up all of his faith.

Updated: Dec 26, 2023
Essay's Scoring Result:
Expert's Assessment
The essay delves into the psychological impact of war through Remarque's lens, effectively using literary devices to convey the soldiers' profound experiences on the front lines. It demonstrates a structured exploration of themes, employing metaphors and personification to evoke the emotional toll. The writing exhibits a solid grasp of language, although occasional clarity issues may affect overall comprehension. The essay successfully paints a vivid picture of the transformative effects of war on a soldier's psyche, presenting a thought-provoking analysis.
How can you enhance this essay?
Consider enhancing coherence by refining transitions between ideas. Ensure clarity in the use of literary devices, avoiding potential ambiguity. Some sentences are complex; consider breaking them down for better readability. Pay attention to punctuation for smoother flow. Aim for a balanced tone, as occasional exaggerations might impact the essay's credibility. Additionally, be cautious of redundancy in expressing the central message. Finally, diversify sentence structures for a more engaging narrative.
This essay's assessment was conducted by:
Dr. Alexander Smith
Cite this page

All Quiet on the Western Front Literary Devices essay. (2016, Apr 29). Retrieved from

All Quiet on the Western Front Literary Devices essay essay
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