12 Angry Men Essay Examples

The 12 Angry Men essay samples

The play 12 Angry Men, written by Reginald Rose in 1955, can be described as a timeless piece of work that indicates the importance of democracy and how it leads towards an equal world. In 1957 the first movie adaptation of the play was produced and written by Reginald Rose himself. The movie quickly became a Hollywood classic that effectively told the story of a complex murder case involving a 16-year-old boy accused of killing his father. At the end of the story, the twelve jurors come to a verdict of ‘not guilty’ after several gruelling hours of deliberation. One of the main themes prevalent throughout the play is the power of certainty and doubt. Rose used the eighth juror to drive the narrative and poke holes through all the evidence proving the teenager guilty of first-degree murder. Another established theme used in the play is the reflection of American society. Reginald used both the things that may unite Americans and their differences in the background to create twelve different characters that can deliberate for hours while still coming to a verdict. This canonical text is a timeless piece of work because, after 65 years of being a published play, it is still relevant in today’s society.

12 Angry Men Jury System
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The jury system either the majority or unanimous system is a part of our Justice system. Recently, when present at a trial of young Puerto Rican youth accused of murder, it appeared that the unanimous jury was stronger and favourable. This was concluded as the longer timeframe which the unanimous system in this case allowed the opinion of all jurors’ in the decision making process which resulted in a reasonable doubt. At the same time, it allowed the jurors’ prejudice…...
12 Angry MenJury
“12 Angry Men” Book Analysis
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Analysis of the book "12 Angry Men" by Reginald Rose A persons surroundings can influence him. In "12 Angry Men" by Reginald Rose a young mans life is held by twelve men with contrasing views. Eight a caring man, who wishes to talk about why the other jurors think that the boy is guilty, clashes with Three, a sadistic man who would pull the swith himselfto end the boys life. Accroding to Rose, several elements can infulence a jury's verdict,…...
12 Angry Men
12 Angry Men Assignment
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What kind of group is a jury? A jury is both a formal group and a task group. A formal group is a group based off of organizational structure, while a task group represents a group of individuals coming together to complete a specific task. A jury is composed to help find the task of whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty. The fact that in a task group participants can cross command relationships signifies how a jury is…...
12 Angry MenJury
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12 Angry Men sociological analysis
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12 Angry Men focuses on a Jurys deliberations in a capital murder case. A 12- man Jury is sent to begin deliberations in the first-degree murder trial of an 18-year- old Latino accused in the stabbing death of his father, where a guilty verdict means automatic death sentence. The case appears to be open-and-shut: The defendant has a weak alibi; a knife he claimed to have lost is found at the murder scene; and several witnesses either heard screaming, saw…...
12 Angry MenJuryJustice
12 Angry Men Film Review
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The character in this movie that was the most effective critical thinker was juror 8 (Henry Fonda). The types of characteristics that Fonda, exemplify is provisionalism, creativity, and critical thinking. By doing this he is uncover new ways of interpreting evidence, turns to certainty and shortsightedness when arriving at conclusions. For example, Fonda commented on how the boy had been slapped around all his life and was treated poorly. This kind of thinking leads to more external attributions—it was the…...
12 Angry MenFilmJuryWitness
A sample of 12 Angry Men essay
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Nowadays, we can find different ways to spend free time. According to survey, vast majority of youth prefer to watch film rather than read book. Everybody will support the idea that modern cinematography is at the highest rate of development. We can find masterpieces in cinematic industry of the last century as well. From the wide range of films that became popular for people of different age, we want to single out 12 Angry Men. It is an American courtroom…...
12 Angry MenEssayJury
The Film 12 Angry Men Review
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A group is the interaction of two or more independent people, usually working together to achieve a goal. This group consists of "12 angry men," put together as a jury. Their goal to decide if the defendant is guilty or not guilty. Since these men did not choose to be put together, and had no prior association with one another before placement into this selected group, various contrasting personalities that both support and clash are working toward this goal of…...
12 Angry MenFilmJuryWitness
Group Dynamics in 12 Angry Men
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The 1957 Sidney Lumet directed classic 12 Angry Men, the film adaptation of a stage drama from a few years prior, is centered logistically and physically around an uncomfortably diverse set of men with a common goal of achieving a jury verdict in a murder trial.  Representing the greatest of organizational challenges, the plot forces these 12 instinctively conflicting personalities into the suffocating quarters of a shrinking jury deliberation room. The setting is consumed by a wilting pressure, as the…...
12 Angry MenJuryLeadershipMotivationOrganization
12 Angry Men: Jury’s Conflict Involved on Verdict
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Any jury trial is bound to have some sort of conflict involved when coming to a verdict. The portrayal of a murder case in the movie, 12 Angry Men, involves many different examples of conflict, as well as the approaches to conflict used by different characters. Almost every conversation in the film involves conflict, since the characters are all debating whether or not the boy being tried for murder is guilty or not, but there are a few scenes in…...
12 Angry MenConflictJury
Prejudice and Stereotypes in 12 Angry Men
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Stereotypes use generalisations to characterise people, and 10th juror is particularly prone to stereotyping the defendant based on socio-economic background. He regularly makes generalised statements about 'those people' (p. 6), without ever justifying his opinions with concrete details. Examples include: .I'm tellin' you they let the kids run wild up there' (p. 6). . '... You're not going to tell us that we're supposed to believe that kid, knowing what he is. Listen, I've lived among 'em all my life.…...
12 Angry MenJuryPrejudiceStereotypes
12 Angry Men: Emotion
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Emotions have significant role in the film 12 Angry Men when the jurors have to come to a decision about whether the boy is guilty or not. The different emotions shown by the jurors hinderstheir perspective and judgements on the case as well as towards the testimonies from the witnesses taken during the trial. Juror #3 was firm and determined that the boy was guilty. He had a powerful hatred towards teens in general after having past experiences with his…...
12 Angry MenEmotionJury
12 Angry Men: Art of Persuation
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According to the legal system of the United States, every man put on trial is considered innocent until proven guilty. In the beginning of the film 12 Angry Men, however, this theory can almost be considered false to the jurors involved in a murder case. This 18-year-old Italian boy from a slum is on trial for stabbing his father to death. It is apparent that most jurors have already decided that the boy is guilty, and that they plan to…...
12 Angry MenArtCheerleadingJuryPersuasionPigeon
12 Angry Men
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12 Angry Men (1957) is a gripping and an engrossing examination of 12 jurors who are deciding the fate of a young Puerto Rican boy in a murder trial. It is phenomenal that a movie with a running time of just 96 minutes and shot in just one room could be so impactful and so intellectually stimulating that it could be a source of immense learning for generations to come in the field of psychology, social psychology, Organizational Behavior anddecision…...
12 Angry MenBiasJury
12 Angry Men Movie Analysis
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Introduction: This movie analysis will focus on the movie 12 Angry Men. There will be comparisons between the movie and the different negotiation tactics used in the movie and even in class. There were lessons learned from this movie and it gave new ways of thinking. This movie does a great job of using negotiation to win over a case when you are the odd man out. Summary: This movie focuses on a jury deliberating a first-degree murder charge on…...
12 Angry MenBiasJuryMovieNegotiationPersuasion
12 Angry Men Questions
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1. Do you think that the jury in this film came to the ideal choice? Why/why not? I believe that the jury in this film pertained to the wrong choice, since I feel that all throughout the deliberation the accurate evidence did not have any reasonable doubt remaining above it, which was the total opposite of the opinion of juror 8, and slowly everybody else. While there was accurate proof presented, juror 8 persuaded all the remainder of the jurors…...
12 Angry MenJury
12 Angry Men Prejudice Essay
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What is Justice? Justice is a concept of moral rightness based on ethics; rationality, law, religion or fairness, as well as taking into account the inborn rights of all human beings and citizens, the right of all people and individuals to equal protection before the law of their civil rights, without discrimination. Justice is one of the great concerns of humankind. It is something for which people over centuries have been willing to struggle and even die. Examples of Justice…...
12 Angry MenJuryJusticePhilosophyPrejudice
12 Angry Men Analysis
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The movie “Twelve Angry Men” is a film about twelve jurors in a murder trial deliberating the guilt or acquittal of a defendant on the basis of reasonable doubt. All of the jurors come from very different backgrounds and see things in very different perspectives. This essay will be analyzing the group discussion that was dramatized in the film. The issues that will be brought up in this essay are leadership, participation, climate, conflict, and argumentation. One of the leadership…...
12 Angry MenJuryLeadership
‘”Twelve Angry Men” Analysis
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”Twelve Angry Men” illustrates the dangers of a justice system that relies on twelve individuals reaching a life-or-death decision. ’ Discuss The American justice system is intended to be fair and unbiased. It is founded on the ideal that a defendant is innocent until proven guilty, and ensures the duty of proving a dispute charge rests with the prosecution. However this system has inevitable flaws as every individual’s beliefs, values and morals are affected by their own experiences and factors.…...
12 Angry MenAndre DubusEthos Pathos Logos AnalysisPhilosophyPlaysThinking
12 Angry Men – Critical Thinkers
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Paper Type:Critical essays
In Twelve Angry Men, a young man is on trial for stabbing and killing his father. The movie focuses on twelve randomly selected citizens who are assigned the duty of determining the fate of this 19 year old man. The jury is supposed to examine certain facts and determine the truth based solely on the evidence presented to them in court. It is assumed that the jurors will judge fairly and without personal bias. Basically, the jurors need to use…...
12 Angry MenCritical ThinkingJury
Literary Analysis 12 Angry Men
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Juror #7- The Christ Figure In the 1957 classic film, ’12 Angry Men’, the writer, Reginald Rose, portrays the antagonist, Juror #7, as a Christ figure. The writer’s use of a few conspicuous similarities made making the initial connection simple. However, the writer’s brilliant use of inconspicuous similarities made researching this paper very enjoyable. It amazes me that a writer takes the time to tuck little morsels of meaning just under the surface of his work. Let’s take a deeper…...
12 Angry MenJury
12 Angry Men The Film
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In reviewing the film 12 Angry Men, I have identified many types of influence tactics being utilized by the jurors. The five tactics that I believe were most used in this film were; reason or rational persuasion, coalition building, ingratiation, inspiration and pressure. Although there were several jurors throughout the film who may have demonstrated similar tactics at various times, it is my opinion that the majority of the influencing throughout the deliberation came from juror #8. I do believe…...
12 Angry MenJuryLawTactic
12 Angry Men Essay – Pathos ethos and logos
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Pathos,ethos and logos in 12 angry men Introduction             Twelve Angry men is a movie of twelve jurors who are struck in one room trying to comprehend with one another whether a young boy is responsible for his father’s death. Emotions come up when one of the jurors stands up for the lad defending him that he was not guilty. This film is full of Ethos, logos and pathos. This paper explains some of the places these rhetorical tools are…...
12 Angry MenEthos Pathos Logos Analysis
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The Twelve Jurors

At the beginning of the play, eleven out of the twelve jurors believe the accused is guilty of first-degree murder and sentenced to death. When the vote is being counted ‘seven or eight hands go up immediately, and several others go up more slowly’ as written in the stage directions. Rose uses this hesitation as a visual representation of doubt contradicting their vote of ‘guilty’. Therefore, this is not a truthful vote by all and is the first glimpse of a crack in the American judicial system. After the first vote eleven to one in favour of guilty, the eighth juror is left standing alone. Once the jury gets talking about the case, the evidence proving the accused guilty is put into question. For example, the murder weapon is proven to be not as unique as the jurors assumed it to be.

Murder Weapon

When the eighth juror sticks a matching knife into the table, the certainty of the jurors quickly drains away. Furthermore, the angle of the stab wound raises some questions as well. As the murder weapon is a switchblade knife, it can be linked to the impoverished community and symbolise the unfortunate circumstances that the sixteen-year-old boy had been living in. The fifth juror who grew up in similar circumstances was able to sympathise with the accused and identify how to use the knife correctly, which contradicted the angle in which the wound had stuck the father. Another example of questionable evidence is the two eyewitnesses: the old man and woman across the tracks. The eighth juror proves both statements false by comparing their stories and putting their timelines together. This also questions the certainty of the jury’s mind and compels more jurors to change their vote to ‘not guilty’. The jury is never able to establish whether or not the defendant is innocent; however, the unreliability of the evidence is enough to convict the defendant ‘beyond a reasonable doubt’. After hours of deliberation, the last vote is counted, twelve to zero in favour of not guilty.

American Democratic Society

The process of deliberation and coming to a verdict is a reflection and core practice of American democratic society in the 1960s and today’s society. Rose uses this situation to reflect that as a group and as individuals, these men can discuss this case and come to a conclusion. However, throughout the process, each juror has their differences which contradict each other and cause confrontation. Rose effectively represents these characters through the text exposing their similarities and differences. The characters are a combination of professions, classes, ages, and immigrant status. In the jury room, there is a single window in which the jurors disagree on whether or not it should be open or closed. This disagreement foreshadows and symbolises the deep divides between the jurors that will prevent them from agreeing throughout most of the play.

The eighth juror is the first to feel sympathy for the boy on trial because of his unsteady upbringing, while the fifth and eleventh juror can empathise with the circumstances in which he lives. However, for the tenth juror, he holds a grudge against the lower class and believes the worst of them. Late in the play, the window is linked to a more meaningful version of standing one’s ground, as the jurors move to look out the window during Ten’s prejudiced rant. The act of moving to the window is equated with an active refusal to listen to and participate in Ten’s prejudice. The window symbolises a silent yet powerful and an opinionated act of standing one’s ground. The eleventh juror, who is an immigrant, and ninth juror, who is an elderly man, have trust in the American justice system and want to ensure a fair trial highlighting the importance of democracy in the play.

As the story advances and the jurors’ ethics and backgrounds are exposed and social differences become personal arguments and attacks. At the beginning of the play, the jurors make moral judgments about each other on appearance and first impressions. Their perspective of certainty about the truth drives them to be unkind to each other and make harsh assumptions about the other jurors. This play also illustrates how these men targeted each other’s identities as Americans with ambivalent feelings about the jury process and their roles as American citizens in society. Throughout the play, the jurors feel more comfortable in admitting their doubt and that they have become uncertain that the accused is guilty. In reaction, they begin to see each other not as categories or types, instead, as individual people. After all the evidence supporting the guilty is proven unreliable, the jurors are forced to face the doubts that they have hidden behind their own biases, prejudices, and irrationalities and come to the verdict of ‘not guilty’.

Fair Judicial System

The play 12 Angry Men is a timeless piece of work that proves the power of certainty and doubt and puts the characters in a pressure-filled situation to portray the universal conflicts and currents that drive American society. Furthermore, the narrative also indicates the importance of democracy and how that has created a fair judicial system that is still in place today. Through its many forms, including teleplay, play and movie, 12 Angry Men is an award-winning narrative that proves the prominence of justice, freedom, and citizens’ responsibility in society in the past 65 years.

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