24/7 writing help on your phone
Save to my list
Remove from my list
The first short film was Junichi Kouchi’s Namakura Gatana, which was two minutes long and told the story of a man with his katana. In the following decade, the length of the short films was extended to ten or fifteen minutes, in which typical oriental stories were represented; among the pioneering artists of this era are Oten Shimokawa, Junichi Kouchi, Seitaro Kitayama and Sanae Yamamoto; at this time, Yamamoto’s short film Obasuteyama (The Mountain Where Old Women Are Abandoned) was published.
During the 1930s and 1940s, the Japanese animation industry went through a series of changes, with stories of a Western nature being set aside and taken into account. Soon after, Mituyo Seo’s anime Norakuro (1934), one of the first manga-based animations, was released, and since then it has become a common practice. By the end of the 1930s, World War II broke out, a war in which Japan was involved as a member of the Axis powers, and by this time the animations had become war propaganda.
At the end of the war the country was occupied by the Allied powers led by the United States, which seriously affected the country which was going through a deep economic crisis.
In the course of the crisis, the manga and anime industry became popular in the country, thus laying the foundations for the development of the animated style that was given towards the middle of the 20th century; it was then that Toei Studios, an animated film production company, one of the key figures in the history of anime, emerged; this company was a pioneer in the animation of Japan, providing various productions that allowed the advancement of animation in the country.
The company’s first animation was Koneko no rakugaki, a thirteen-minute short film published in 1957; the following decade the company grew by focusing on the development of feature films. Around the same time, other companies emerged such as Mushi Pro, a production company that produced the animation of Osamu Tezuka’s Tetsuwan Atomu (Astro Boy), a mangaka and animator, one of the most important artists in the Japanese animation industry in the 20th century.
Between the 1960s and 1970s the anime of robots (mecha) became popular, appearing in iconic series such as Tetsujin 28-gō and Mazinger Z or Gudam. During this same period the popular series Doraemon (1973) began to be broadcast, based on the homonymous anime by Fujiko Fujio, a series that tells the story of a cosmic robot cat that has a bag attached to its body from which it removes various artifacts which are used in the adventures of Doraemon and his human friend Nobita. In the 1980s and 1990s, Japanese animation entered an international boom, which led to many series beginning to be dubbed into English and Spanish. In these years, cult series such as Dragon Ball, based on Akira Toriyama’s manga, emerged; Saint Seiya also known as The Knights of the Zodiac, Captain Tsubasa, exported as Super Champions; Rurouni Kenshin, known in the West as Samurai X, Neon Genesis Evangelion by Hideaki Anno; Pokémon, Ranma ½ , and Sakura Card Captor, among others.
In 2000 the anime already in height is massified in great measure by the acceptance and the enormous base of fans that had acquired by then, these followers known as otakus, impelled the Japanese animated industry. Since then there have been numerous animated productions that have been distributed around the world, among the highlights of the new millennium are One Piece, Naruto, Bleach, Fullmetal Alchemist, Inuyasha, Yu-Gi-Oh, Rozen Maiden, Kuroshitsuji and Death Note, all based on mangas that when they became successful, allowed the development of the animated series; Nowadays any manga that has a large number of followers is very likely to have been adapted into an animated series, as was the case with Hunter x Hunter, Pandora Hearts, Ao no Exorcist, Mirai Nikki, Bakuman and Shingeki no Kyojin, among many others.
👋 Hi! I’m your smart assistant Amy!
Don’t know where to start? Type your requirements and I’ll connect you to an academic expert within 3 minutes.get help with your assignment