What is the field of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)?

Sameer Saifuddin Khowaja

University of the Cumberlands

ISOL634-32 Physical Security

Week 05 Individual Project

Professor Richards

February 9, 2019

According to Ryan (2012), Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is a strategy which focuses on different sectors in a society to control the criminal of individuals or group in that particular society. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) speculations fight that law requirement officers, modelers, city organizers, scene and inside architects, and inhabitant volunteers can make an atmosphere of security in a network directly from the begin.

CPTED will probably anticipate crime by planning a physical domain that decidedly impacts human conduct. The hypothesis depends on four standards: regular access control, common reconnaissance, territoriality, and support. NCPC’s course enables members to put the hypotheses behind CPTED without hesitation in their networks by structuring a hands-on, intelligent, a multi-day fundamental or propelled preparing explicitly custom fitted to their locale’s needs.

CPTED standards depend on foreseeing the perspectives of a potential guilty party and making a domain that demoralizes finish.

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CPTED has the additional favorable position of making a conviction that all is good and prosperity among representatives and occupants (White, 2014). At the point when CPTED is incorporated, the subsequent condition – including the building and its environment – will debilitate or block criminal conduct, and in the meantime urge genuine nationals to keep a careful gaze.

CPTED Strategies to deter Crime in Urban Communities

The ultimate goal of CPTED is to discourage the crime and at the same time to make sure that the environment building, or the society formation is moving forward in a positive direction.

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Tipton & Nozaki (2007) stated that the crime prevention strategies can lead the society towards the success as well as it will improve the overall quality life of the people and group that are part of that environment. The expectation of CPTED is to demoralize wrongdoing, while in the meantime reassuring authentic utilization of a domain. “The security program [for the building or area] is coordinated into the earth, not simply included” (Saville & Cleveland, 2008). Although the idea started because of research to decrease wrongdoing in broad daylight lodging ventures, it has pertinence to single family homes, neighborhoods, high rises, open structures, schools, parks, and amusement zones. The utilization of CPTED standards in the arranging and structure of structures, office and shopping edifices, and neighborhoods can diminish the production of issue territories in which the criminal component feels less dangers of disclosure and conceivable anxiety. With an air of wellbeing, people are bound to visit organizations and shops (Owusu & Wrigley-Asante, 2015). With rehashed nearness in a zone, a person’s feeling of regional proprietorship builds that individual is bound to need to ensure that territory. With expanded possession the person’s attention to what’s going on and the craving to caution the specialists to the issue increments, and this conduct is fundamental to the avoidance of wrongdoing around there.

Natural Access Control:

The Natural Access Control strategy states that obviously show open courses and debilitate access to private basic components. These highlights decline an open door for crime by making in a criminal an impression of unsatisfactory hazard while endeavoring access to private regions, which denotes the more bizarre as a conceivable interloper (Atlas, 1991). Such structure highlights incorporate position of doorways and leaves, fencing, and finishing to control traffic stream.

Natural Surveillance:

Design highlights that expansion the perceivability of a property. These highlights boost the capacity of people in the territory to see people in a bad position and enable outside exercises to be seen from neighboring building structures by people who could call for help. Such plan highlights incorporate finishing, lighting, window and stairway arrangement, and building passageway and carport formats.

Territorial Reinforcement:

Design highlights that unmistakably show open and private auxiliary components of a property. An individual will build up a feeling of territoriality for a space with continuous exercises in a region, a feeling of possession. With this sentiment of possession the individual will “need” to protect his condition. This proprietorship does not really mean legitimate possession; it possibly an apparent proprietorship, for example, the feeling of possession that representatives feel for the workplace in which they work (Reynald, 2011). The feeling of an area and possession by an individual is fortified through consistently planned exercises, investigations, and support.


Characteristics of a situation that express responsibility for property. Crumbling of a property demonstrates less proprietorship contribution which can result in more vandalism, otherwise called the Broken Window Theory. If a window is broken and stays unfixed for a time allotment, vandals will break more windows. Crime is progressively common in zones that are not kept up; thus decent people don’t feel safe and would prefer not to visit those regions.

How would combing these strategies with protective barriers enhance crime reduction?

Security plan and access control is more than bars on windows, a security monitor stall, a camera, or a divider. Wrongdoing aversion includes the orderly mix of structure, innovation, and task for the assurance of three basic resources individuals, data, and property. Insurance of these benefits is a worry and ought to be considered all through the structure and development process (Soomeren, 2013). The most proficient, most affordable approach to give security is amid the plan procedure. Planners who are approached to address security and wrongdoing concerns must almost certainly decide security prerequisites, must know security innovation, and must comprehend the structural ramifications of security needs.According to Geason & Wilson (2013), the way toward planning security into engineering is known as “wrongdoing avoidance through natural structure” (CPTED). It includes planning the manufactured condition to decrease the open door for, and dread of, stranger-to-stranger ruthless wrongdoing. This way to deal with security configuration is unique in relation to customary wrongdoing counteractive action practice, which centers around denying access to a wrongdoing focus with obstruction strategies, for example, locks, cautions, fences, and entryways. CPTED exploits open doors for regular access control, observation, and regional support. It is workable for common and ordinary employments of nature to meet indistinguishable security objectives from physical and specialized insurance strategies.



Designing safer communities: A crime prevention through environmental design handbook. (1999). Washington: National Crime Prevention Council.

Geason, S., & Wilson, P. W. (2013). Checklist for a Program of Successful Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, 273-275.

Owusu, G. & Wrigley-Asante, C. (2015). Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and built-environmental manifestations in Accra and Kumasi, Ghana. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 17(4), 249-269.

Ryan, J. (2012). Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED): a review and modern bibliography. Property management, 23(5), 328-356.

Reynald, D. M. (2011). Translating CPTED into crime preventive action: A critical examination of CPTED as a tool for active guardianship. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 17(1), 69-81.

Saville, G., & Cleveland, G. (2008). 7 Second-Generation CPTED. 21st century security and CPTED: Designing for critical infrastructure protection and crime prevention, 79.

Soomeren, P. V. (2013). Tackling Crime and Fear of Crime Through Urban Planning and Architectural Design. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design, 219-272.

Tipton, H. F., & Nozaki, M. K. (2007). Information security management handbook (6th ed.). Boca Raton: Auerbach Publications.

White, J. M. (2014). Security risk assessment : Managing physical and operational security. Amsterdam ; Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann is an imprint of Elsevier.

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What is the field of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)?. (2019, Dec 05). Retrieved from http://studymoose.com/week-5-ip-sameer-khowaja-example-essay

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