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The View of Antisocial Personality Disorder

Antisocial personality, disorder is a specific type of personality disorder or chronic mental condition distinguish by reckless, impulsive, and aggressive or criminal behaviors. People with the disorder are called “sociopaths.” This disorder usually begins at childhood, and it affects more men than women (70% prevalent in males than females). A person with an antisocial personality disorder will have both genetic and traumatic childhood experiences most likely child abuse and neglect.

People with this disorder may seem charming on the appearance but they get aggressive towards people and animals, exploit others, break the laws, be angry and unable to control the anger, abuse drugs or alcohol, lack guilt, have difficulty in sustaining long-term relationships, and show disregard for normal social behaviors.

To identify this disorder, one should show the above symptoms before age of 15 and diagnosis cannot be made until the age of 18 ( most often diagnosed in adulthood ).

People whose going through this disorder may have problems like chronic boredom, anxiety disorder, pathological gambling, and psychosomatic symptoms.

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Antisocial personality disorder (ASP), especially psychopathy as its extreme form, has provoked fear and excitement over thousands of years. Ruthless violence involved in the disorder has inspired scientists, too. The abundance of research results concerning epidemiology, physiology, neuro-anatomy, heritability, and treatment interventions has made ASP one of the best-documented disorders in psychiatry. Numerous interventions have been tested, but there is no current treatment algorithm. Biological and sociological parameters indicate the importance of early targeted interventions among high-risk children. Otherwise, as adults, they cause the greatest harm.

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The use of medications or psychotherapy for adults needs careful consideration. (PubMed, 2006)

Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) has enormous negative impacts on the affected individuals, their loved ones, and society. This burden is intensified by the social and functional changes related to age. The lower prevalence of ASPD in older adults compared to younger adults is well-documented. This discrepancy, often attributed solely to antisocial “burnout,” contributes to the lack of attention given to this disorder in older adults and may signify difficulty measuring ASPD in this population. These measurement issues likely stem from problems with the validity of the diagnostic criteria for older adults which may not effectively capture changes that occur with age. This review focuses on the current literature surrounding the validity of ASPD criteria with older adults and relevant concepts, including the connection between criminality and ASPD. Issues with screening tools and the measurement of ASPD caused by problems with the criteria are also discussed. Finally, recommendations for improvement, including use of dimensional models of personality disorders, a potential geriatric sub-classification of criteria, and modification of the existing criteria are presented with clinical implications and suggestions for future research.
(PubMed, 2017)

References

Holzer, K.J. and Vaughn, M.G. (2017). Antisocial Personality Disorder in Older Adults: A Critical Review. Journal of geriatric psychiatry and neurology, [online] 30(6), pp.291–302. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28954596 [Accessed 21 May 2019].

https://www.facebook.com/Drugscom (2018). Antisocial Personality Disorder. [online] Drugs.com. Available at: https://www.drugs.com/health-guide/antisocial-personality-disorder.html [Accessed 21 May 2019].

Repo-Tiihonen, E. and Hallikainen, T. (2016). Antisocial personality disorder. Duodecim; laaketieteellinen aikakauskirja, [online] 132(2), pp.130–6. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26939485 [Accessed 21 May 2019].

https://www.facebook.com/verywell (2018). Symptoms and Treatment Options for Antisocial Personality Disorder. [online] Verywell Mind. Available at: https://www.verywellmind.com/antisocial-personality-disorder-2795566 [Accessed 21 May 2019].

Psych Central (2018). Antisocial Personality Disorder Symptoms. [online] Psych Central. Available at: https://psychcentral.com/disorders/antisocial-personality-disorder/symptoms/ [Accessed 21 May 2019].

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The View of Antisocial Personality Disorder. (2020, Sep 17). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/the-view-of-antisocial-personality-disorder-essay

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