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Obsessive-Compulsive Character Condition (OCPD) is a character condition which is defined by a pervasive pattern of fixation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and social control at the cost of flexibility, openness, and efficiency (Taber, 1968). This pattern starts by early the adult years and is present in a variety of contexts. Individuals with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Condition effort to preserve a sense of control through painstaking attention to rules, insignificant information, procedures, lists, schedules, or kind to the degree that the significant point of the activity is lost (Requirement 1).
OCPD and OCD are often puzzled as they are considered being similar. There is, however, a great distinction between the two conditions. A person with OCD experience remarkable anxiety associated to specific fixations, which are viewed as threatening. Within the condition OCPD it is one’s dysfunctional approach which produces stress and anxiety, suffering and disappointment (Phillipson). History of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Condition: Back in the early 1900s, Freud observed and treated patients with OCPD.
From his findings, he kept in mind, “persons with obsessive-compulsive character condition are defined by the 3 ‘peculiarities’ of orderliness [that include tidiness and conscientiousness], parsimony, and obstinacy.” He likewise called it, “a neurosis gotten in touch with problems at the anal stage in psychosexual advancement,” and made a distinction between Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), which he described as a “symptomatic neurosis” and OCPD, which he referred to as a “character neurosis” (Skodol & & Gunderson, 2009). In 1918, Ernest Jones went on to describe someone affected with OCPD as being excessively concerned with money, tidiness, and time.
The observations from these men was necessary at the time, since not much was learnt about this disorder. Literature begot the term “anal character”, integrating the character (character) neurosis (anxiety), and according to Freud, OCPD starts development in the anal phase of advancement (Skodal & & Gunderson, 2009). Obsessive-Compulsive Character Condition tends to take place in families, so genes may be involved.
A person’s childhood and environment may also play roles. As with all personality disorders, the person must be at least 18 years old before they can be diagnosed. OCPD is approximately twice as prevalent in males then females, and occurs in about 1 percent of the general population. It is seen in 3 to 10 percent of psychiatric outpatients. Like most personality disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder typically will decrease in intensity with age, with many people experiencing few of the most extreme symptoms by the time they are in the 40s or 50s.
Their ability to work with others is equally affected, since they have symptoms perfectionism. This perfectionism may interfere with the person’s ability to complete tasks, because their standards are so rigid. People with this disorder may emotionally withdraw when they are not able to control a situation. This can interfere with their ability to solve problems and form close relationships.
Personality disorders such as Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder are typically diagnosed by a trained mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist. Psychological test that may help diagnose this condition include: •The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Disorders (SCID II) •The Schedule for Non-Adaptive and Adaptive Personality (SNAP) Treatment options for Obsessive-Compulsion Personality Disorder include medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (Prozac) may help reduce some of the anxiety and depression from this disorder.
However, talk therapy (psychotherapy) is thought to be the most effective treatment for this condition. •Psychodynamic psychotherapy helps patients understand their thoughts and feelings. •Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) can also help. In some cases, medications combined with talk therapy may be the more effective than either treatment alone. Hospitalization is rarely needed for people with this disorder, unless an extreme or severe stressor or stressful life event occurs which increases the compulsive behaviors to an extent where regular daily activities are halted or present possible risks of harm to the patient.
Many support groups exist within communities throughout the world which are devoted to helping individuals with this disorder share their common experiences and feelings. Such support groups are recommended to individuals suffering from this disorder, especially if they found therapy unhelpful or too expensive. Many people with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder don’t seek treatment. People with personality disorders, in general, do not often seek out treatment until the disorder starts to significantly interfere or otherwise impact a person’s life.
I think that the outlook for people with Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder tends to be better than that for other personality disorders. The four major complications for OCPD are: anxiety, depression, difficulty moving forward in career situations and difficulties in relationships. I strongly believe that being informed about this condition’s manifestations, people can better seek appropriate treatment.
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