The chapter provides literature, expanciates and brings clarity on the research topic.
Also this chapter addresses the subject matter which is the challenges and prospects of sustainable development. Furthermore, it explains the concept of sustainable development and the pillars of sustainable development. In addition, this chapter examines different theories which are in line with the research topic to help explain the study.
The literature review provides literature on the research topic and also adds relevant information relating to the research topic. The literature review examines the different thoughts of scholars and variety of opinions on the research topic. In addition, it would give a general overview of the research topic.
Sustainable development has become the ‘buzzword’ of both the economic, social, and political field. Sustainable development under international law is the survival, continued progress and maintenance of the human community as dependent on the continued health and viability of the earth’s life support systems (Singh 2016).
The Brundtland Commission themed our common future defines sustainable development as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’. It is about how to mobilise successfully international, national and human intellectual resources in general towards solving problems that are, overall degrading the economy, causing political unrest and resulting in social disorder.
The concept of sustainable development dates back to the thoughts of Thomas Malthus, often credited as the father of population development, when in his work, an essay on the principle of population(1798) wrote that the power of population is infinitely greater than the power in the earth to produce sustenance for man, which recognises that the rapid increase of humans is not correspondent to the growth of resources to maintain these humans.
it was not until the late 1980s after its appearance in the Brundtland report, the result of a united nations commission to create a global agenda for change in the concept and practices of development, the world commission on environment and development sought to draw the world’s attention to the necessity of sustainable development and how it affects the economic, social and environmental sphere of human life. Sustainable development is about integration: developing in a way that benefits the widest possible range of sectors, across borders and even between generations. Also, our decision should take into consideration potential impact on society, the environment and the economy.
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