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State Essay Examples

Appropriate Use of Transparency

...Opponents of transparency argue that it is a bad idea to use transparency strategy where information may be misrepresented, distorted or misunderstood. Being transparent may take a lot of resources and more time hence slowing the organization process. It is argued that organizations that practice full transparency are easy target of attacks and are vulnerable to groups that feel alienated or underrepresented (Stever, 2012). It also a bad strategy where the company wants to keep trade secrets and...

The three worlds of welfare capitalism

... Lukes (2010) understands the dimension of power from three distinct definitions. The first dimension augurs well with pluralist ideologist where power is understood from American democratic theory. In this case, the master has authority to modify the behaviors of his/her master when it comes to decision making. A practical example in this case is the recent situation in Zimbabwe where Mugabe as the president decides on almost every policy. The second dimension is related to the ...

Women and the Struggle for Equality

...In conclusion, women are required to receive equal treatment as given to men. They have struggled for equality for a long time, but their rights are still neglected and treated unequally in different public sectors. The existing local and international organizations should be backed up with the required support to ensure equal rights and treatment for both men and women. Through the women organizations, some achievements have been made such as voting rights, holding of public offices, and owners...

There can be no daily democracy without daily citizenship

...In a democratic society, who are not satisfied with their leaders are welcome to organize and peacefully make a case for the recommended change or can try to vote out those leaders at the approved time for elections. Democracies require more than a special vote from their people to stay healthy. They require steady commitment, time and attention of very large number their people who in turn rely on the government to protect their freedoms and rights. Moreover citizens in a democracy are free to ...

Differences and Similarities between 1984 and Brazil Stories

...The major differences between the protagonists are that the love Sam as for Jill is genuine while Winston is driven by lust. The main reason why he wants to sleep with Julia is because he loves the corrupt nature of the relationship. As such, Winston betrays Julia while Sam never betrays Jill. During the torture in their respective ministries, Winston is mostly worried by his torture, and he begs for stop and asks the authorities to torture anybody else, Julia included. However, Sam is concerned...

Public Finance as the study of income

...Kennedy, 2012, offers a different approach towards the definition of public finance. Instead of coming up with her definition of the subject, she quotes existing definitions that accurately meet the demands of the reader. The most comprehensive is that of Dalton, that states that public finance is concerned with the expenditure and income processes of public authorities and the adjustment of one to the other. In total, the author summarizes the definitions and terms public finance as the activit...

Essay on Democracy

...The police officers also being one of the citizens, they should strive to serve the communities they are in with their best interest at heart while safeguarding the democratic rights of the civilians. The police officers are the officials that are mandated to impose the laws while preserving order in the society and they should not act in a manner that may culminate violence or in any case deprive any individual his/her democratic rights. In the cases that the police offic...

Evolution of American democracy from 1865 to date

...Another significant improvement in democracy was in 2007 when the first woman was sworn to be the speaker in House of Representatives. In spite of all that, Barack Obama was elected the first black American defeating his Republican opponent McCain. In 2009, Hillary Clinton was sworn as secretary of state becoming the first lady to serve in the position. Obama has brought many changes in the health sector and the taxation of Americans. He is however keen to maintain equalit...

Homicide Crime Scene Investigation

...On 11/3/00, a female body was found in Columbia along the Old Annapolis road. The body was later identified as that of Ashley Smith. During the investigation, it was noted that the victim was not only stabbed, but was also choked. According to tests conducted in the laboratory, prior to her death, the victim had engaged in sexual activities. This was due to the detection of sperms in her pants, vagina, and anus. After collection of evidence, an investigation was launched t...

Garrity Warnings: To Give or Not to Give, That Is the Question

... From the above case of McKinley, it there is no alternative that would have been applicable in this case. The prosecution did not have the right to use the statements that the officer had made under the Garrity principle (Eric, December 2012). Furthermore, the investigating officer was wrong in using the second statement as part of the evidence against McKinley for the purpose of prosecuting him yet the statements were made under the Garrity warnings. The officer was right in taking ...

Taxation for redistribution is at par with forced labor

... From this essay it is evident that taxation for redistribution is at par with forced labor. This is evident from the Nozick arguments regarding how taxation forces people to work. The main argument provided by this scholar is that people will be forced to work extra hours so that they can earn what is enough for them even after the government has deducted their percentage in terms of taxation. If funds collected from taxation are channeled in conducting activity such as medical resear...

Sex Education Should be Taught in Schools

... Teenagers and young adults will engage in sex at one point or another. What is important is if they are equipped to make better choices? Sexual education is not just a program on sex; it encompasses many important teachings on life skills. Furthermore, it’s the only way to ensure that we do not leave the media, friends and the internet to equip kids with uncouth information on sex. More importantly, such programs instill decision-making skills on students. And while we leave for sch...

A critical evaluation of the use of “stop and search” by the police

... In conclusion, stop and search policing is an effective policing technique used by police if done in accordance with the provided regulations. Some of the issues that arise in the practice of stop and searching in the policing service need evaluation. The most important of all is the issue of discrimination and disproportionality in these stops and searches. As we have seen, this often leads to poor relationship within the community. People lack trust and confidence in the police serv...

Role of government in correcting market failure

...  According to Munday (2000), market also fails to be resourceful because of lack of information by the consumers about the product in the market. The government can correct this type of market failure by passing policies and rules authorizing all the stakeholders in the market to brand their products and also to release all the information about the products in the market. This helps the consumers to get all the information about the products and thus they are given a chance t...

Decentralized system of government

...Lastly, it is clearly evident that decentralized or devolved government is a driver of sustainable development as it gives more power to the citizens rather than the national government. This devolution of power encourages citizens to participate more in the politics and governance of the local governments. Moreover, decentralization improves efficiency of the government as the local governments are small and deals with smaller populations. Despite the centralized government having some advantag...

A CASE STUDY - STRATEGY AT H&R BLOCK, INC.

...This is a powerful representation of the state of company as of that time which is result of close inspection during a time of transition. What she does not mention is how this compares to the first couple of years of the strategy implementation of broadening services. As of today, the picture is brighter and the company, while still a long way from being there, is closer to achieving some of the goals. This paper outlined the company, the strategy employed, the rationale for various components ...

Graft and Corruption

...A Final Word (Toward New Beginnings, as stated in the SONA of former Pres. Estrada, July 24, 2000) “Graft and corruption is the worst form of rottenness in our society. It erodes the moral fabric of our people, robs the poor, increases the costs of doing business, erodes tax collection efforts, and drives away investments. The World Bank estimates that at least 20 percent of government project funds ends up as kickbacks. We can no longer fight corruption piecemeal. We need a comprehensive appr...

Global Citizenship

...Thereby, everybody can become a Global Citizen despite age, gender, and region. To be a Global Citizen means to take actions and fulfil some duties in order to improve someone’s life. Global Citizenship should not be focused on scale of an action because helping people starts from little steps, from helping even one unknown person. Therefore, most of people, who are helping others that need a support, can be considered as Global Citizens. The majority of these human beings unde...

Serpico

...A person shouldn’t have to go thru different predicaments just to serve justice and be an example to the police force. Even though police officers got fired and the commissioner got replaced, I still don’t think that was equivalent to the price Serpico partially paid which was his life. The length it took for Serpico allegations to get some public attention was the least appealing because I didn’t understand why no one understood the severity of fraudulence in the New York Police departmen...

Interest Groups

...Like in any type of group, there have been some cases of corruption among interest groups. In 2006, Jack Abramoff pleaded guilty to corruption charges which led to the passing of the Honest Leadership and Open Government Act in 2007. The act restricted and reformed a lot of the practices that had been going on. It banned gifts to members of Congress and their staffs, made extensive disclosure requirements, and increased the time limit on moving from the federal government to the private sector (...

Criminal Court Visit Essay

...This court visit and the proceeding of above mentioned case opened many dimension in front of me. This visit enriched my experience about the criminal court and its proceeding about the particular case, the way that both parties argued and raised the concerns and the deep thinking ability of the judge who gave final judgment. Furthermore, there are plenty of issues that need to be addressed but another important point that is noticed generally about the Proceeding, is the media coverage. The mai...

Teen Pregnancy

...Society is not ignoring teenage pregnancy but society isn’t making it a high enough priority in the world. The groups of people that will continue to suffer from this only going problem if we do not find solutions are teenage girls from the ages of 15-19. Many things have been done about the problem, but from research a lot of solutions tend to fall through and end up not helping the problem. When the show on MTV, 16 and Pregnant first aired, the intentions of the show were to show teenagers ...

Should people on welfare have to be drug tested

...The idea is simple; no taxpayer wants to see their hard earned money to pay for someone on welfare to pay for drugs. Taxpayers deserve to know that their hard-earned dollars are used wisely and not funding drug use for welfare recipients. It’s not right to take the taxpayers money for drug users. Welfare pays for many different things like unemployment, housing assistance, foods stamps and more. I believe random drug testing should be done for those that fail to pass a written screening test w...

Cadbury Report

...The Cadbury Report was followed by three more major reports: Greenbury (1995), Hampel (1998) and Turnbull (1999). The Greenbury Report responded to the concerns about the level of executive pay rises, especially in the privatised utilities. The Hampel Report reviewed the progress of companies in responding to the Cadbury and Greenbury Reports and made some suggestions for improvement. The Turnbull Report addressed the important issue of how to implement best practice systems of internal control....

Anti Guns on Campuses

...Clearly not having guns on college campuses has worked so far. Why would society decide to change that now? The negatives outweigh the good in every facet. Yes like with anything there are positives, but those positives are few and far between. Students and faculty aren’t trained to handle the pressures and stress that come with dealing with carrying a loaded weapon on campus. Law Enforcement does a heck of a job, in protecting all persons on campuses now. By switching that up, you are making ...

Edward Snowden

...Although I am aware of how Snowden’s actions have increased transparency of the government’s protocols, I lean towards classifying Edward Snowden as a traitor. I believe that if one works for a top government agency or a department with such valuable classified information, one should not leak material protected under confidentiality agreements. I agree with the Newsday article in that people entrusted with state secrets shouldn’t be allowed to take such actions. Also his decision that he ...

Public accountability

...'Public accountability in Malaysia: challenges and critical concerns', International Journal of Public Administration, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 107-129. Siddiquee, Noore Alam 2006, 'Public management reform in Malaysia. Recent initiatives and experiences.', The International Journal of Public Sector Management, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 339-358. Roberts, J. (1991). The possibilities of accountability. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 16(4), 355–368. Roberts, J. (1996). From discipline to dialogue: ...

Cultural Diversity in Mauritius: Myth or Reality?

...Despite all, for some, Mauritius has a marvellous timeline of peaceful cohabitation. We need not go back at the time of independence where we stood together as a one nation to steal a glance of that. April 2013 marked the flash floods which affected Mauritius causing large-scale disasters. The Mauritian solidarity and unity that we were to witness in providing the huge aid to the victims in need were indeed commendable, proving that we may have different religions and skin complexions, but we al...

Corporate governance ethics

...Corporate governance involves directing and controlling all operations of a corporation. Therefore, all unethical issues are as a result of incompetent corporate governance.  Most ethical problems associated by poor corporate governance include evasion of taxes, not meeting their corporate social responsibilities such as environmental protection and unfair wages to employees and production of poor quality goods to maximise their profits. The problems have led to a dilemma between the corporatio...

Corporate governance

...India, unlike the United States, has created a committee that deals with corporate governance know as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The board that in most cases takes on a trustee role for all the companies in India was created through the adoption of SEBI Act, 1992. The act gives the body statutory powers to be able to carry out its duties and functions. These approach adopted in India is believed to have been adopted from the Ghanaian principle of trusteeship and that it i...

The Pros and Cons of Mandatory Military service

...The perks of mandatory military service could definitely appeal to young people who are recent school leavers. There are many cases of people who leave school and are unsure of what to do from then on, but the military service provides a temporary place to go while still in this period of insecurity and can be seen as a sort of save haven for people in this situation. It would also lessen some of society's problems, such as teenage pregnancy and crime rates. "Would you like to see crime, teenag...

ASIC v Adler

...The section 260A clearly states that a company is restricted from giving financial assistance to a person to buy its own shares in the stock market as it will cause material prejudice. By analysing the case of ASIC V Adler, it can be seen that Adler, who was controlling PEE, was clearly contravened the section of 260A by which giving financial assistance to PEE through HIHC, a subsdiary of HIH, which is also a company controlled by Adler. This financial assistance given to PEE, was then used to ...

Essay on the Freedom of the Press

...Legislation, of course, should guarantee the press against interference by the government; this goes without saying- But something more is necessary. The press under no circumstances should be forced to disclose the source of information or will be subservient to the government. But enjoins enjoys a corresponding duty on the part of the Press—that it should maintain strictly honest journalism and should not give any garbled report or prejudicial account. Independent-minded editors should have ...

Law and Real Estate

...Debra Peterson is currently the Chief Executive Officer of the Pacific Grove Spice Company. The Chief Financial Officer, Fletcher Hodges, and she are trying to figure out what strategy to take to meet the demands of the bank that finances their company. The recent financial crisis had made the credit committee uneasy and they now want Pacific Grove Spice to reduce interest-bearing debt to less than 55% of total assets and the equity multiplier to less than 2.7 times by June 2012. They have three...

Police Misconduct

...He is awaiting trail and could face up to 20 years. Being that he targeted Spanish individuals, he could be charged with a hate crime. In conclusion, Police misconduct is low in the United States because most officers know that they are held at a high level than most members in society, and should be setting a positive example. Police officers also know that just because they have more powers than most individuals they should not be taking advantage of them to benefit personally. Although police...

Natural Family Planning

...To conclude, this essay states what Natural Family Planning is and the many different aspects to it. As with everything it has its pros and cons however if practised properly it allows a couple to do as the Church teaches and 'make a decision about how many children to have in a wise and loving manner – trying to bear in mind various needs, such as health, their existing children, society's needs, etc.'13 The whole idea about making Natural Family Planning successful is not to have a contracep...

Racial profiling and law enforcement

...Reasonable suspicion or reasonable doubt is a word an officer might use believing their suspect may have been armed, or a threat to society. Though the officer must be held accountable for the reasons he or she selected to approach the minority. The monumental Supreme Court case Terry vs. Ohio helped to shed tremendous light on the matter. The case pretty much made racial profiling harder to conduct for police. A law was passed because of this case which it made officers have to retain a search ...

Did the government go too far

...In fact, it is supposed to have the most degree of protection of the Fourth Amendment. Document D helps emphasize the unknowingness of the exposure of DLK’s conduct to the public. The advances in technology have far surpassed what can be noticeable without the use of them. “When technology can exceed the natural senses, it subverts the human ability to contain private matters in a normal way and threatens the core expectation of privacy in the home” (Document D). Although the imager was a...

Effectiveness of juvenile justice

...Overall juvenile justice law, as assessed in the previous section, promotes fairness, equality and justice. The common law aims for rehabilitation of offenders, but will not hide from more serious sentencing options, such as detention. If this is continually maintained as the driving force behind the Juvenile Justice System, the pinnacle point of the effectiveness will be reached. For the system to be most effective, a balance must be achieved between the offender and sentencing options, remaini...

Police Brutality

...In conclusion policeman these days do not know how to do their job without injuring, or killing innocent or even guilty citizens. The job of a policeman is to clean up the streets effectively and with the least amount of casualties possible. The police are not doing their job the way it is supposed to be done. They are being extremely violent, and killing innocent people, they don’t give people the chance to do what they want them to do. For the safety of others the police need to change, Cop...

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