1. Poverty
  2. Illiteracy
  3. Terrorism
  4. Food and water crisis
  5. Population growth
  6. Poor health facilities
  7. Internal and international migration
  8. Discrimination of Sex
  9. Democracy in shape of dictatorship
  10. Unloyal leaders
  11. Foregin debt
  12. Child labor
  13. Deviant behavior
  14. Discourage the rules of law from government representatives
  15. Inflation
  16. Injustice
  17. Smuggling
  18. Drug abuse


Introduction of the problem: Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. The Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan says, “The state of Pakistan shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period.

Literacy rate: 49.9% educated populace ( Human development Report Pakistan) placed at 136th position. The primary completion rate in Pakistan, given by Date Center of UNESCO, is 33.8% in females and 47.18% in males, which shows that people in the 6th largest country of the world are unable to get the basic education.


  • Unequal education system
  • Different medium of instruction in Public and private sector
  • Regional disparity (standard of education varies in different provinces of Pakistan)
  • In FATA, the literacy rate is deplorable constituting 29.
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    5% in males and 3% in females

  • Gender discrimination: primary school ratio of boys & girls which is 10:4 respectively.
  • Lack of technical education
  • The allocation of funds for education are very low. It is only 1.5 to 2.0 percent of the total GDP.
  • Untrained and non-professional teachers


  • Govt. should take following measures:
  • Increase education budget
  • Establish more schools and appoint qualified and trained teachers
  • Technical education must be given to all the classes.
  • Promote primary education


Pakistan plays a key and highly conflicted role in the global war on terror.

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Today terrorism is threatening the very roots and fabric of Pakistan’s nationhood. More tragically, terrorism in Pakistan draws its justification from the very faith which provides the country its ideological bases.


The major causes of Terrorism in Pakistan are:

  1. Political Instability
  2. Economic Conditions
  3. Standard of Living
  4. Religious Extremism


  • The real solution is to kill the root of Terrorism and systematically change the attitude of those people’s who are involved in terrorism
  • Military operations against terrorists are also very necessary.
  • Education, Justice, politics can stop the Terrorism.
  • Preventing and resolving conflicts with Talibans and other religious groups.
  • Strengthening the protection of weak targets.
  • A fully demarcated border with Afghanistan which will prevent the foreign intrusion in the country.
  • The government should enter into serious negotiations with Washington on the issues of drone attacks so that our sovereignty should be preserved as we reserve the right to undertake actions on our own land.
  • A concrete time-table of withdrawal from Afghanistan needs to be announced by the U.S led forces

Water crises

We are facing the crisis of water nowadays. The increase in demand due to population growth, and infrequent rainfall, is aggravating the situation day by day. Insufficient no. of reservoir is also one of the cause of water crisis. Perpetualsilting of water reservoirs, lakes, canals, rivers and waterways is one of the major reasons of shrinking water storage capacity.


The problem has now reached a critical decision-making stage. There are two obvious solutions to the problem:

  1. Make new water reservoirs to make up for the depleting capacity of old reservoirs, as well as to cater for increase in demand.
  2. Maintain the storage capacity of old reservoirs. Make new reservoirs only to meet the requirement of additional demand.

Food crises

The world’s financial experts have placed Pakistan on a list of 36 countries that face a serious food crisis It has two sides; one is unavailability of edibles and second is soaring prices due to gap in demand and supply of edibles.

Updated: Feb 22, 2021
Cite this page

Social Problem in Pakistan. (2016, Oct 11). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/social-problem-in-pakistan-essay

Social Problem in Pakistan essay
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