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Orwell does this by representing the weather as a mood and tone of the novel as well as the amount of freedom the characters have. He also uses imagery such as the telescreens and signs with logos that represent oppression. Orwell uses Winston as the main character and also as a main weapon against the party.
Not only does Winston lead the story he also is a symbol for rebellion. The novel begins with the setting being described as a “bright cold day” (Orwell 1) with Winston attempting to “escape the vile wind” (Orwell 1) and the “gritty dust” (Orwell 1).
Shortly after this the tone is depressing and darker as it begins to explain Winston’s home life where he walks up 7 flights on his varicose ulcer that was on his right ankle. In the first of many instances the mood is usually determined by the weather, as if the weather foreshadows the mood.
This begins to describe the rebellion as well as Winston by showing that there is no rebellion and what is there is weak like Winston.
Winston is the symbol for rebellion and at the beginning of the story he is depicted as an old man, even though he is in his thirties. He walks slowly and is very frail. This shows that not only is Winston weak but so is the rebellion. As time moves throughout the novel it is evident that Orwell stresses less on Winston’s flaws and fragility but more on the actions that Winston does against the rebellion.
The novel continues to have instances where weather foreshadows the mood and tone of the story. On page 123 Winston and Julia see a Bough in the distance. The bough continues to spread its wings whilst in the sun and “ducked its head for a moment, as though making a sort of obedience to the sun, and then began to pour forth a torrent of song. ” (Orwell 123) This quote expands not only on the theme of weather and foreshadowing but also branches out to songs. The song that is being sung in the sun represents the reedom the sun gives in the novel and also is a good example of the representation and affects that weather or nature has on the novel. Orwell also uses love as a representation of rebellion and as a weapon used against Big Brother. Within the book the novel expands with the love life of Winston and Julia. This is due to the fact that Winston and Julia being together alone breaks rules, regulations, and morals in 1984 and Oceania. This being the fact Winston and Julia then go and dive deeper into their relationship, also growing their hate for Big Brother and becoming more active about their hate.
Winston states “I hate purity, I hate goodness. I don’t want any virtue to exist anywhere. I want everyone to be corrupt to the bones. ” (Orwell 128*) This is a prime example of Winston and Julia rebelling against the party. Not only do they not conform to the party nor do they conform to regular morality like you or me. They have been so controlled and so restricted that, like a rebellious teenager they act out in a way that only hurts himself or herself. They use love, as an excuse for their rebellious actions but it’s very possible that they don’t even know what love is or how love feels. Listen, the more men you’ve had, the more I love you. Do you understand that? ” (Orwell 128) This is clear representation of the kind of “love” they share. Love, in a sense is a key to power. With love all flaws are accepted and out in the open. This gains trust, loyalty, as well as confidence. With confidence one can climb the ladder of power. This is what Orwell is doing when he connects Winston and Julia. He is using the power of love and how it empowers others as a shine of hope.
Orwell makes 1984 a possible reality. Especially since the time it was written was in a time of wars and had communism as a big issue. Orwell depicted the life of being in a communist or otherwise corrupt government by using Oceania as the main country of living in. Oceania can be illustrated as any major country whether it is America, United Kingdom, China, or all of Europe. Orwell used an unknown place to represent all locations. Orwell uses anonymity to represent that any government could become like this.
Orwell also wanted to stress the mystery and in turn the power the party had. Orwell continues to embody the parties’ power by giving the reader the impression that they can be everywhere and see everything. This is shown on page 19. “Thoughtcrime was not a thing that could be concealed forever. You might dodge successfully for a while, even for years, but sooner or later they were bound to get you” (Orwell 19) Orwell continues to represent the power that the government hungers for by using images such as telescreens and posters of big brother.
The telescreen is an extension of the party’s reach and also symbolizes once again the ability that the party can see and be anywhere that any citizen is. This is evident throughout the entire novel and is a key factor to understanding the point behind Orwell’s work. This book was a surprise and scare for before 1984, after 1984, and even now. Although Orwell was a little off with the year 1984 still has very significant warnings and indications of what could happen if the government gets out of hand.
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