How did James Buchanan respond as the secession crisis loomed over the final weeks of his presidential administration?
Buchanan remained in Washington and did nothing.
What happened when Democrats met to choose a presidential candidate in Charleston,
The party divided into southern and northern factions.
During the debates, Stephen A. Douglas depicted Abraham Lincoln as
an abolitionist who loved blacks.
How did the Mexican-American War affect American politics?
It divided the nation based on the issue of slavery in the territories.
What effect did the shift to “geographic” parties have on political debate in the United States?
The shift increased polarization.
What did Abraham Lincoln personally believe about slavery?
Slavery was morally wrong.
What happened to John Brown after his raid on Harper’s Ferry?
He was executed.
The American Party, or Know-Nothings, appeared in the mid-1850s as
a reaction to large numbers of Roman Catholics coming to the United States.
What did the Whigs do in an attempt to reunite their party during the presidential
campaign of 1848?
Remain silent on the issue of slavery
What was the result of Preston Brooks’s caning of Massachusetts senator Charles Sumner
It further inflamed sectional passions over the institution of slavery.
Senator Lewis Cass of Michigan proposed the doctrine of popular sovereignty, a measure
that would allow
people who settled the territories to decide whether or not they wanted slavery.
How did the increasingly confident Republican Party prepare for the election of 1860?
It expanded its platform to address other issues.
What did the Supreme Court rule in its 1857 Dred Scott decision?
Dred Scott was not a citizen of the United States.
The presidential election of 1856 revealed the
strength of the new Republican Party.
Which issue in the debate of 1849-1850 led to the Compromise of 1850?
The balance of power between the North and the South in Congress
How did a Nashville convention of southern businessmen shock the nation in 1860?
The meeting called for the reopening of the African slave trade.
What made Abraham Lincoln an attractive candidate for the Republican nomination?
He represented the crucial state of Illinois.
What was a requirement of the Fugitive Slave Act, part of the Compromise of 1850?
All citizens were expected to assist officials in apprehending runaway slaves.
Per the Compromise of 1850, which state entered the union as a free state?
How did Stephen A. Douglas respond in 1857 when proslavery forces in Lecompton,
Kansas, drafted a constitution that many felt was fraudulent?
Douglas came out against the proslavery constitution.
What did the Wilmot Proviso of 1846 propose?
Slavery would be prohibited throughout the entire area ceded by Mexico.
Which Southerner argued that “I consider slavery much more secure in the Union than
out of it?”
The United States negotiated the Gadsden Purchase in 1853
to support the dream of a southern route for the transcontinental railroad.
What did the federal government do to the Plains Indians who lived in what became
The federal government pushed them farther west.
In 1854, Stephen A. Douglas sponsored the Kansas-Nebraska Act and included a section repealing the Missouri Compromise because
Douglas needed southern support to pass his legislation.
Southerners felt so much hostility toward the Republican Party during the presidential
election of 1860 that
ten states refused to allow Lincoln’s name to appear on the ballot.
Which Senator argued that, when it came to ending slavery, there was “a higher law than
the Constitution”—the law of God?
Why did the Democrats remain a national organization after 1954?
Gains in the South offset losses in the North.
What did Douglas argue in what became known as the Freeport Doctrine?
Settlers could ban slavery by not passing the laws necessary to protect slave
Northern women supported the Republican Party by
marching in Republican parades.