Essays on Altruism

Altruism & helping behaviour
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However, Darley argued that there is no such thing as true altruism and the true and basic motive for human behaviour is self interest. This led to the development of the egoist model which suggests that if a person feels discomfort, anxiety or are upset by seeing a victim in need, they help to reduce their own distress. This theory is supported by various studies, including Cialdini (1987). It is also supported by Piliavin's Arousal: Cost-Reward Model of Bystander Behaviour.…...
Outline the main assumptions of Batson’s empathy altruism hypothesis
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The main assumption of Batson's empathy altruism hypothesis are that altruistic behaviour can be explained through feelings of empathy. Empathy would involve a person experiencing the same emotional state as another person's situation or state. An example of this is feeling sad when another person is feeling sad. Batson also stated that when feelings of empathy are experienced other feelings of sorrow, concern and compassion will also be felt. According to this hypothesis if a person were observing another person…...
Heroic act
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Research on bystander intervention suggests that guilt also plays a role in real life acts of altruism or heroism. Regan, Williams and Sparling (1972) found that subjects who already felt guilty about 'breaking' a confederate's camera, were more likely to help a second confederate to collect her upset shopping bag. Thus, these studies suggest that some people help in order to alleviate their own feelings of guilt. However, incidents of life-threatening heroism would seem to be an extreme means of…...
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Altruism – Concern for the welfare of others
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Professional ethics - Document usually created by the profession that provides guidance for the ethical behavior of its members. Bioethics - Deals with the ethical implications of biological research and applications. Distributive justice - Just distribution in society, structured by various moral, legal, and cultural rules and principles. Formal justice - Ethical concern of formal justice is that the criteria are applied equally to all similar cases. Paternalism - Intentional limiting of the autonomy of one person by another. Values…...
AltruismJusticePhilosophical TheoriesPhilosophy
Volunteer Work in Schools
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Many schools nationwide now require a mandated amount of volunteer work as a graduation requirement. To volunteer means to freely offer to take part in an enterprise or undertake a task. When students are forced to volunteer to meet arbitrary guidelines, it takes away the intrinsic value and the reward of doing a good deed out of one's own volition. While the act of volunteering itself promotes community engagement and motivates selflessness, evidence from a natural experiment in Canada found…...
Equity Theory and Interpersonal Attraction
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Human beings have a desire to be accepted as part of a group. They also have a want to create and hold on to meaningful relationships with other individuals. These interactions with other individuals are known as social relations. According to Polk (2011), trust, honest, respect, and a care for others are the ingredients that most relationships are created and based on (Polk, 2011). In most cases, these relationships that individuals search for and create are sometimes the most important…...
AltruismEquityInterpersonal relationshipPsychologyTheory
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EXAMINING THE ARTICLE WHEN ALTRUISM IS NOT MORALThe purpose of this essay is to critically examine the article When altruism isn't moral written by Sally Satel. The article by Sally provides arguments, explanation and attempts to persuade readers on the importance of creating incentives for benevolent donors in the organ transplant system. To prove this, the author sought to find a middle ground between the poles of selflessness and that of greed in the system by providing the enabling environment…...
Describe the main strengths and weaknesses of Utilitarianism
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Strengths * Utilitarianism is simple. It doesn't have a lot of complex rules, but instead the individual can decide would be the 'best', by how it affects others. * It is flexible: no law or principle is unchallengeable. * It allows for circumstance, so you can decide what is the best thing to do given the current circumstance. * It ties in with the Christian ethic of unconditional love, as preached by Jesus. * If someone believes that both lying…...
AltruismEthicsHappinessStrengths And WeaknessesUtilitarianism
Define the Concepts of Altruism
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Altruism is defined as a selfless concern or act for the welfare and good of others.  An altruistic person is not motivated to do good because of reward or duty.  A purely altruistic person gives without thought to benefits, reward or recognition. Autonomy in the general sense is an individual's capacity to make rational decisions without coercion from any quarter.  In the moral sense, autonomy is the basis of a person's moral responsibility for his actions. Human dignity refers to…...
AltruismAutonomySocial Justice
Evaluation of Voluntourism
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Paper Type:Evaluation essays
A pattern has begun in the current years, where people take part in organizations that commonly claim to be helping developing countries. This trend is sustained by the gap year phenomenon, which is specified as "a time period between 3 and 24 months taken out of education or a work career." (Jones, 2004) With interest of "making a difference", increasingly more people choose voluntourism, combination of tourism and volunteer projects, as their gap year holiday option. In spite of the…...
AltruismGap YearTeacherTourismVolunteering
What Is Altruism And Does It Really Exist?
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"Altruism describes a motive that makes people help because of genuine concern for others, to increase the welfare of others" (Fiske, 2010, p. 321). Altruism is when individuals are motivated to help others around them without expecting anything back in return; altruism comes from someone doing a good deed without having to be recognized for doing it. So the big question is "Does true altruism exist? I think altruism does still exist, we can clearly see that it does especially…...
Does True Altruism Exist?
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The concept of altruism has been around for a long time and the debate on its existence has been for almost as long in both philosophical and psychological circles. Altruism has been defined by Batson et al., (1981); the motivation that arises within in an individual to help another in distress, from the desire to reduce the other’s distress. Some have argued that true altruism does not exist. Those believe that every act of kindness us humans commit has an…...
Definition Essay Altruism
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Eric Gibson, the editor of the Leisure & Arts page of The Wall Street Journal, once wrote that “Anonymity is the truest expression of altruism.” I do agree with this statement but, from my point of view, altruism is much more than that. It is to help a stranger in need even at the expense of your own well-being. A true act of greatness! Altruism, unfortunately, can neither be learnt nor taught, but rather stems directly from the individual’s heart.…...
Book Report – Sway: The Irresistible Pull of Irrational Behavior
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The book, Sway: The Irresistible Pull of Irrational Behavior, by Ori Brafman and his brother, Rom Brafman dives into the way that we make decisions. Why do humans make the horrible decisions we do when logic would tell us to act otherwise? There are several psychological influences that sway our decision-making ability according to the Brafman brothers. The authors look at several different factors, with a lot of fascinating and logic-breaking examples. This book will help you understand the decisions…...
Altruism: Research perspectives from Current psychology
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Altruism which can also be termed as selflessness is a principle of practice that concerns the welfare of others. This is one of the traditional virtues that were upheld by several cultures, secular views and religious traditions. This is a malleable notion that is understood differently in many disciplines although the common denominator of all the definitions is the ideology of unidirectional helping character. Within the clinical setting, altruism is a value that nurses as professionals poses. Despite the enormous…...
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FAQ about Altruism

...EXAMINING THE ARTICLE WHEN ALTRUISM IS NOT MORALThe purpose of this essay is to critically examine the article When altruism isn't moral written by Sally Satel. The article by Sally provides arguments, explanation and attempts to persuade readers on ...
What Is Altruism And Does It Really Exist?
...Determine with Which Concept you Agree with and Provide the Rationale for Your Determination I agree with both concepts, there are some people who would like to receive recognition for helping others in a time a need, and then there are others who wi...

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