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The aim: of the present study was to investigate the effect of yoga training on vital capacity among tribal and non-tribal school students and to compare the effect of yoga training on vital capacity between tribal and non-tribal school students. Methods: to achieve the aim of the study 10 tribal and 10 non-tribal school boy’s students were randomly selected from seva Bharati Vidyatayan in Kapgari, Jhargram district in West Bengal.
The participants aged were ranged from 12 to 16 years. The all participants were underwent a yoga programme for 3 days per week for a period of 16 weeks.
The variable vital capacity was tested by wet spirometer and data was recorded in millilitre (ml).
The dependent t-test was applied to find out significant of yoga training and independent t-test was applied to compare the effect between tribal and non-tribal school students. Result: the vital capacity was significantly increase among tribal and non-tribal school students and when result was compared between tribal and non-tribal school students, there was no significant different.
Keywords: Yoga Training, Vital Capacity, Tribal, Non-Tribal
The literal meaning of the yoga is yoke. It means for uniting the individual sprit with the universal spirit or God. The word yoga is derived from Sanskrit Yuj, means to joint. When the senses are stilled, when the mind is at rest, when the intellect wavers not then, say the wise, is reached the highest stage.
Yoga, an ancient Indian science, aims to bring about functional harmony between body and mind through three main practices: Asanas, Pranayama and Meditation.
Now a day yoga is popular form of physical workout for develop physical fitness. When the yogic exercises was conducted on school students to find its impact on physiological variables (pulse rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate), there result was significant.
Yokesh PT found that the yoga was significant for physical and physiological variables namely flexibility and breath holding time of obeys school boys, but when he compared its effect with aerobic exercise the outcomes was the aerobic exercise was better than the yogic.
The three months yoga training was increased the speed among secondary school students but when it compared with the physical exercise training the result shown the yoga training was better than physical exercise training for speed development.
Objective of the Study
To achieve the aim of the study 10 tribal and 10 non-tribal school boy’s students were included in present study.The participants were selected from Seva Bharati Vidyatayan in Kapgari, Jhargram district in West Bengal and there aged were ranged from 12 to 16 years. The random sampling method was used to select the participants.
The participants both tribal and non-tribal were underwent a specific yoga training programme for three days per weeks fora period of 16 weeks. The dependent variable vital capacity was tested by wet spirometer and data was recorded in millilitre (ml).
The depend t-test was applied to find out the significant of yoga training on vital capacity among tribal and non-tribal school students and independent t-test was applied to compare the effectof yoga training on vital capacity between tribal and non-tribal school students. The level of significant was set at 0.05 levels. The data were calculated by Microsoft Excel 2007.
Table -1 (Yoga Training Schedule for 16 weeks)
Sl.No Yoga Asanas Duration Rest between Each Asanas Total Duration
The every yoga training session was 60 minutes duration and conducted in afternoon session at the play ground of Seva Bharati Vidyatayan, Kapgari.
(Pre Test and Post Test result of Vital Capacity of Tribal and Non-tribal Students)
Group Pre Test (Mean ± SD) Post Test (Mean ± SD) Mean Difference P value
Tribal 2340 ± 130.12 2730 ± 115.51 390 6.73
Non-Tribal 2350 ± 112.79 2610 ± 136.17 260 5.56
The significant set at 0.05, the level of confident 95% (df 9) = 1.83
The result of table 2 indicated the tribal subject’s pre test and post test mean value of vital capacity was 2340 and 2730 respectively and p value 6.73 > 0.05 level of significant.
Non -tribal subjects pre test and post test mean value of vital capacity was 2350 and 2610 respectively and p value was 5.56 > 0.05 level of significant.
(Compare the Post Test Result of Vital Capacity between Tribal and Non-Tribal Students)
Group Post Test (Mean ± SD) Mean Difference t value
Tribal 2730 ± 115.51
Non-Tribal 2610 ± 136.17
The significant set at 0.05, the level of confident 95% (df 18) = 2.10
Table 3 represented the comparison of post test result of vital capacity between tribal and non-tribal subjects. The tribal subjects post test mean value was 2730 and non-tribal subjects post test mean value was 2610 and the calculated t-value was 0.51
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