Essay, Pages 3 (615 words)
Culture, normally, has a varied meaning; nevertheless, throughout times, individuals has frequently applied culture to illustrate an exceptional taste in humanities and arts; or a set pattern of human habits, belief, and understanding that depends upon the skills for social knowing and symbolic thought; or the set of shared practices, goals, values, and mindsets that differentiates a group, company or organization. With this regard, this paper intends to study the standard but obvious differences of the Arapesh and Tchambuli cultures. Arapesh
The Arapesh are individuals from the north-western location of New Guinea.
Arapesh are unproblematic individuals, provided that the entire journey of presence is focused on growing animals, plants and children. Arapesh are ethnologically low profile, and grownups are temperate and good-natured. I. Duties Both males and females in Arapesh culture are accepted to be equal (Voelker, 2007). Cooperativeness, responsiveness, submissiveness, and gentleness are the basic qualities that both sexes are inculcating in doing their particular jobs.
Furthermore, Arapesh culture is very trouble-free considered that both parents are ready to raise their kids, and although mothers commit more time than fathers, both parents are often happy in the aforesaid job.
II. Marriage Practices Marital relationship involves bride-wealth payments and initiates an associate by moving raw meat and shell belongings from the groom’s ancestry group to the bride’s group. Polygamy is prevalent and guys with a minimum of 2 better halves advantage in several social, economic, and political ways; however, polygamy is commonly the result of levirate.
Tchambuli Tchambuli culture is part of the far-reaching Iatmul culture.
Contrary to Arapesh culture, which acknowledge the equal autonomy of males and females, divergent dispositions is developed among the Tchambuli men and women, with the man being responsive and the woman being dominant. Accordingly, the women are the hearty and vigorous, while the men are generally responsible of the household (Voelker, 2007). I. Responsibilities
In Tchambuli culture, the women are the more dominant sex, are emotionally independent, and are the managers of business and money in the home. The men are in every respect dependent on women, emotionally and financially, as well as on women’s decisions. Moreover, women consider men as annoyances during the early stages of child rearing. Tchambuli boys and girls are treated in a similar way until they reach the age of six or seven, when the women start to include these girls in various work activities.
As a result of being left out, the boys grow up passive, gossipy, devious, dependent on the judgments of others, and fearful. II. Marriage Practices The neglects and jealousies during childhood shaped the Tchambuli men’s disposition; accordingly, polygamy among men is rare, even though permitted. All the same, a man chooses his own bride and pays bride-price to the latter’s family. During courtships, women feel entitled to be pleased, so men do their best in order to charm and please the women. Conclusion
Taken as a whole, women are more dominant than men in the Tchambuli culture; while in Arapesh culture, both men and women are expected to be equal. The dominant feature of Arapesh culture is basically the result of its customary division of labor, which resulted to an equal treatment among the men and women; whereas the Tchambuli culture is basically the result of the early exposure of women to various work activities, which in turn resulted to women being in charge in most indispensable responsibilities of the household.
Without a doubt, these two diverse cultures developed a different set of shared practices, goals, values, and attitudes that ultimately characterized their respective members’ personalities and identities. Reference Voelker, M. L. (Ed. ). (2007). Margaret Mead. Minnesota State University. Retrieved May 20, 2009, from http://www. mnsu. edu/emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mead_margaret. html