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Bioethics in the Use of Experimental Animals

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 3 (560 words)
Categories: Animal Testing, Ethics, Medicine
Downloads: 1
Views: 283

Undeniably medicine has advanced a lot and has given answers to difficult medical conditions of the past. But in order to reach this point a lot of experiments have been performed on animals and people. The question that is now posed is whether medicine follows the rules of ethics and what’s the limit that should be trespassed. The rise of ethical dilemmas due to the evolution of medicine has brought mankind to a point of reconsidering ethics, deontology, and ethical boundaries.

Some medical practices that face criticism are transplants, experiments on people euthanasia, the matter of eugenics, and whether religious perception should be taken into account.

Ethics is defined as a group of values principles and rules which can regulate human behavior and concern the degree up to which the human actions can influence significantly not only their lives but Oslo the lives of others. The main aim of ethics is to assist with the dealing of ethical puzzling, to form criteria and rules of ethical behavior, and lead humans to make the right choices.

The way people perform medicine consists of an indication of people’s civilization and their ability to perceive important terms such as life and death. Looking back in time the Babylonian law and Hammurabi codes n’implémentera harsh repercussions to the doctors in case they provoked the death of a patient. In ancient Egypt medical responsibility was defined in the Bible and its rules which the doctors were obliged to follow and in the case they acted improperly they were punished with death. The oath of Hippocrates which consists of the first text of bioethics and contains important issues of medical ethics such as patient’s confidentiality and the forbidding of abortions is still the foundation of medical deontology. In modern times now the code civil in France consists of briefing part of the law and the same goes for 1894 in Germany. After the end of WW2, there has been an important development on issues concerning medical experimentation. In the well-known trial of Nuremberg, a code was formed where the consent of the individual is absolutely necessary in order to perform experiments on them. Another important text of bioethical content, although it has no legal action, is the declaration of the International Health Organization in Helsinki in 1964. Some more codes and declarations which concern the medical sector are the following:

  • 1949: International Code of Medical Ethics- London
  • 1968: The Declaration of Sydney
  • 1970: The Declaration of Oslo
  • 1975: The Declaration of Tokyo
  • 1977: The Declaration of Hawaii
  • 1981: The Declaration of Lisbon
  • 1983: The Declaration of Venice

The emphasis given to codes of ethics and deontology in the medical sector is a phenomenon of modern times that came as a consequence of the experimentation done on people during WW2.

We should take into consideration before judging that medicine in based on experience. It’s progress, the medicine even the training of the future doctors is based on the execution of complex experiments. What was the first surgery if not an experiment on humans for the first time? The same goes for medicine. We monitor a patient after giving him treatment. Furthermore, in some cases, it is important to perform an experiment such as a blood test in order to make an accurate diagnosis. It is the rapid frequency of experiments on people that lead to further thinking.

Cite this essay

Bioethics in the Use of Experimental Animals. (2020, Oct 15). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/bioethics-in-the-use-of-experimental-animals-essay

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