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Art History Essay Examples

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Patchwork Architecture of the Neues Museum

“The relationship between the object and the intervening spaces is not formal: it is always rooted in the context of a particular setting” Dalibor Vesely (in Brooker and Stone, 2007, p. 57). The Neues or New Museum was completely built in 1855. The building was design by a Prussian architect, Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The purpose of the building was originally built as an extension house to accommodate Altes Museum. Most of Karl Friedrich Schinkel’s works were Neo-Classical, such as, Neue…...

Formal Analysis of Art The Terracotta Krater

The terracotta krater originated in Greece between 750-700 BCE, known as the Geometric period. They were said to have been monumental grave markers. Most kraters were typically large, some over forty inches. They were made of ceramic and painted with linear designs, separated by registers. These vases were used to depict art in order to reveal a story. The artist wanted its viewers to capture the sense of realism in their design. The designs on the krater demonstrate what is…...

Shoe Horn Sonata: Distinctively Visual

Photographs are a chilling reminder of the truth behind these women’s recounts, and an acknowledgement of their strength. Misto uses photographic images to achieve several things within his play. Firstly the images transport the audience to the world which these women are describing through their dialogue of memories. In Act One, whilst Bridie describes the evacuation of Singapore and the naivety of the British to attack, the images of Singapore allow the audience to understand the magnificence of the city…...

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Art history formal analysis Renoir luncheon of the boating party

The subject matter of the painting consists of a group of people assembled on an outside deck that has a wooden railing and a red and white striped canopy. The deck is surrounded by marsh grass and some trees with a river visible beyond them. Upon the river a few boats can be seen, one of them a sailboat. In the immediate foreground there’s a square table with a white tablecloth on which rests several empty wine glasses with apparent…...

Canova's Perseus as Part of Art History

Perseus with Head of Medusa This piece, made to replicate the Greek classical style, stands tall above entrance to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This sculpture, created by Antonio Canova in marble, was done in the early 19th century. Historically, the tale of Perseus and how he killed the beast-woman, Medusa, is from eons before, however, the artist chose to recreate this scene from Greek mythology. In addition, Canova uses many techniques that were used by Greek sculptors, he use…...

The Definition of Avant-Garde

In Twentieth Century Theatre from the time of the Renaissance on, theatre seemed to be striving for total realism, or at least for the illusion of reality. As it reached that goal in the late 19th century, a multifaceted, antirealistic reaction erupted. Many movements, generally lumped together as the avant-garde, attempted to suggest alternatives to the realistic drama and production. Paralleling modern art movements, various theoreticians turned to symbol, abstraction, and ritual in an attempt to revitalize the theatre. Although…...

Euthymides' Three Revelers, a Masterpiece of Greek Art

Euthymides' Three Revelers is a Greek red-figure vase painting which dates back to about 510 BC. It was found in an Etruscan tomb in Vulci, Italy, where it had probably been imported from Athens. This is proof of the virtuosity of ancient Greek artists, and is quite ironic since the Greeks learned vase painting from the Corinthians. The earliest ancient Greek vase paintings were created using the black-figure technique. This involved using a clay-based slip to draw on the figures…...

David by Michelangelo: Renaissance Statue

David "" Analysis and Structure It is obvious that Michelangelo was precise when developing this sculpture. His sculpture, David, should have been done after studying the human type a lot. The lines he has actually used are extremely natural, and though his figure is rather chiseled, the lines seem extremely gentle. Michelangelo has actually paid unique attention to shape. Every ligament, muscle and bone seems as though it lives. I especially observed the shape of the legs, the back of…...

"Watson and the Shark" by John Singleton

John Singleton Copley's interpretation of a horrifying disaster in Brooke Watson and the Shark stands out as a romanticised horror painting. Watson and the Shark, an oil on canvas painting, was completed in 1778 and belongs to the '18th Century American political' period. The painting is an oil on canvas and stands 182 cm tall and 230 cm wide. It can be found in the National Gallery of Art in Washington .The interpretation was inspired by an event which took…...

Renaissance and Baroque Comparison

Exist two main periods in the history of Western art. Many artists were working on the creation of music, paintings, literature pieces, etc. Many features are characterizing these art periods. There can be both similarities and differences detached while analyzing these two art streams. These cultural movements influenced each other significantly and contributed to the enrichment of the world art heritage. Italian painter, architect, historian of art, Giorgio Vasari determined the cultural movement of the historical epoch, which started to…...

Baroque and Impressionism

Baroque art refers to the style that would be found in Europe and North and South America during the 17th and 18th century. The Catholic Church heavily influenced their art, as well as the Protestant rising up during this time. There was an emphasis on unity and harmony in all of the visual arts that often had themes from the Bible or stories. There was realism and more attention was paid to physical details in portrait paintings, there was more…...

Wagner's New Opera

In a letter to his wife Alma, Gustav Mahler wrote, "There are only [Beethoven] and Richard [Wagner]- and after that nobody. Mark that! " (Comini,390) Just as Beethoven revolutionized symphonic repertoire, playing a pivotal figure in the transition from classicism to romanticism, Wagner played a pivotal role in revolutionizing opera, taking it from a frivolous and ridiculous source of entertainment to a constantly evolving art-form which adopted an almost religious following. Beethoven paved the way for Wagner's art-work of the…...

Rachel Ruvigny Painting by Anthony Van Dyke

There are actually two versions of Anthony van Dyck’s painting of the countess of Southampton; Anthony van Dyck, Rachel de Ruvigny, Countess of Southampton, ca. 1640, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne and Anthony van Dyck, Rachel de Ruvigny, Countess of Southampton as ‘Fortune’, ca. 1638, Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge. There have been discussions on which between the two is the primary version. Ursula Hoff argued that the painting located in Melbourne is the primary version basing on three aspects:…...

Parmigianino's Painting Madonna With a Long Neck

"Madonna with a Long Neck" is among the most well-known works of Parmigianino, or Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazolla of Parma. Its beauty, stylishness, lengthened forms represent its coming from the later phase of Quirk. For Quirk, the intricacy of kinds and unnatural distortions were typical, given that there was no function to make the painting similar to nature, but to portray the inner concept of something with the aid of a manner. This type of mindset to art is clearly…...

The Similarities of Alfred Hitchcock and Edward Hopper

Alfred Hitchcock, also understood as, "The Master of Thriller", was a director to a range of award winning movies. Numerous Hitchcock films will be noticeably influenced by many paintings, consisting of the work of renowned artist Edward Hopper. Hopper, born in New york city, was well known for his realist paintings. Comparing the paintings and films, one will see the similarities showed between the 2. Alfred Hitchcock and Edward Hopper are linked by creating an eerie mood through their use…...

Queen Mother Pendant Mask in Art History

The exquisiteness of the material and the sophistication of the carving indicate that it was created by the exclusive guild of royal ivory carvers for the king. This exquisite piece is made out of ivory, iron and cooper. This piece also contains pieces of inlaid metal and elaborate coral carvings. The piece dimensions are as followed; H. 9 3/8 x W. 5 x D. 3 1/4 in. (23. 8 x 12. 7 x 8. 3 cm). The mask is a…...

Diego Velazquez’s Painting Las Meninas

The aim of this paper is to analyze Diego Velazquez’s painting “Las Meninas”, one of the most impressive and controversial art pieces in history. The content and the message of the painting “Las Meninas” provides much food for thought. On the picture we can see the artist himself as he works at a canvas, but we can’t see what exactly he is painting; he is not alone in the studio. A group of seven is situated in the front part…...

Differences between the Italian an Northern Renaissance

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that significantly influenced the intellectual life in Europe from the 14th to the 17th century. It started in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and then spread to the rest of Europe. The Renaissance affected philosophy, religion, literature, art, politics, science and other aspects of intellectual life. Historians consider the “Renaissance not only an era of grand cultural achievements; it was also a period that witnessed an intensified sense of identity and individuality, at…...

Art History Museum Paper

The Statue of Kaipunesut dates back to the 4th dynasty in the Old Kingdom of Egypt. It was excavated at Saqqara, a huge burial ground. This specific piece lay at the mastaba of Kaemheset, which was Kaipunesut's brother. It was carved out of acacia wood which is a native wood of Egypt. The native wood did not create the greatest requirement of sculpture since it was knotty and fibrous which made it tough to use. The wood was normally painted…...

Bruce Davidson

What is the first thing you notice when you look at a photograph? Do you ever notice what’s in the background or even the foreground? How well do you pay attention to detail? When looking at a photograph, we should consider using these tools to help us understand more about a photo. Bruce Davidson puts emphasis on figure-background, focal point, and color in his photograph really bringing about the composition of the photograph for his viewers. One of the most…...

The Pilgrimage of Grace

The Pilgrimage of Grace was a religious uprising in York, England which started in late 1536 and finished in early 1537, where people lead by Yorkshire lawyer Robert Aske staged protests and demonstrations in opposition to King Henry VIII’s dissolution of monasteries and break from the Catholic Church. This rebellion was mostly aimed at Thomas Cromwell, who was Henry’s High Chancellor; and many of these marchers influenced Cromwell’s policies. The participants of the Pilgrimage of Grace had a goal to…...

James Wilson Morrice

In the painting Street Scene, Pink Sky, Paris, there are several elements that make the painting a unique piece of art reflecting the contemporary feeling of the expressionistic and post impressionistic movements of the early twentieth century. James Wilson Morrice expresses these movements completely in this painting, which is a masterwork of form, color and balance. In this painting, the first thing the eye goes to s the upper right hand part of the painting. Here there is a series…...

Salvador Dali

Salvadore Felipe Jacinto Dali Y Domenech was born on May 11, 1904 . in Figueras, Spain. He was a Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker by trade. Dali is commonly regarded as having been “artistically influential for his explorations of subconscious imagery”. As an art student in Madrid and in Barcelona, Dali assimilated a vast number of artistic styles and displayed unusual technical facility as a painter. It was not until the late 1920's however, that two events brought about the…...

Alberto Korda

The history of Spanish culture and their historic events have been captured through art for centuries. Photography is one form of art that has documented and symbolized historic events that are still used today as historical documents. A Cuban photographer, Alberto Diaz Gutierrez, also known as Alberto Korda, famously documented the events of the Cuban Revolution. Alberto Korda became the world’s most famous Cuban photographer for his photography, documenting history of the revolution with over 55,000 revolutionary themed photographs. Korda…...

Head of Poseidon

The head of Poseidon / Antigonous Doson is a Greek bronze sculpture. The sculpture was created during the Hellenistic period (300-30 BC). His identity was unclear until the discovery of an ancient Greek silver coin. The coin created during 227-221 BC portrays the Macedonian King Antigonous Doson as Poseidon, God of the Sea, which reestablishes the supremacy of Macedonians over sea. Poseidon / Antigonous Doson’s head seemed very interesting, because of its relative size and texture. The color composition and…...

Egypt Art History

The materials used to create these sculptures symbolized the pharaoh’s timelessness and eternal life, the body of the pharaohs symbolized the power given to them by God, and the formal design qualities showed the religious and political qualities in the statues. The statue of Khafre and Akhenaton reflects the political and religious climates of their time through the use of medium which symbolized the pharaoh’s eternal life and timelessness, and through formal qualities which symbolized the hidden religious meanings inside…...

Madonna of the Meadows

In the history of art, one of the main goals of the artists has been to create a realistic and innovative art. Every era invented its own way of achieving this effect and when the paintings are compared, there are always pieces that are more realistic and innovative than the other. The search for exact representation of the real world has lead to very impressive results. The High Renaissance period brought about a great cultural movement in terms of scientific…...

Characteristic of Baroque Art

It’s hard to make a distinction in which the beginning of the Baroque period is clearly distinguished from that of the late Renaissance. Nonetheless, Baroque art is emotional, decorative and a direct result of the Counter-Reformation movement in Europe. During the Baroque period, there was a dramatic religious split in the Church with the formation of Protestantism. Catholics reacted with the Counter-Reformation to revitalize Catholicism. They needed to attract viewers with religious art that more significantly impacted onlookers. Protestant areas…...

Art History Paper

Define the transformations that have taken place between the sculpture of the late archaic period and that of the early Classical period. Note how these imply a change in relationship of the viewer to the work of art. Throughout history, sculptures have developed significantly. The Western tradition of sculptures began in Ancient Greece along with Egypt and many other ancient civilizations around the world. Greece is widely seen as producing great masterpieces in the archaic period and as time evolved…...

Gustave courbet: young ladies on the banks of the seine

Courbet was one of the most influential artists and leader of the XIX century realist movement whose paintings challenged and shocked contemporary art critics and French society. Although widely considered as the founder of Realism, Courbet accepted this title only partly as some of his paintings are a mixture of various genres and styles and reflect elements of realistic, abstract, modern, or postmodern painting (Smith). Gustave Courbet and Realism Jean Desire Gustave Courbet was born June 10, 1819, in a…...

Mark Rothko

Mark Rothko is one of the important figures in the generation of painters. His work still draws attention to many people around the world. Born in Dvinsk, Russia (in what is now Latvia), Marcus Rothkovich was the fourth child of Jacob Rothkovich, a well to do pharmacist and his wife Anna Rothkovich. As Russia was a hostile environment for Zionist Jews, Jacob immigrated to the United States with his two older sons in 1910, finally sending for the rest of…...

Art History Paper - “the Denial of St. Peter”

I chose the artwork “The Denial of St. Peter” attributed to Master Jacomo in the early mid-17th century made using either French or Italian style which consisted of oil on canvas. The physical condition of the painting looks good for how old it is and it looks clean. The painting represents a scene of a Roman guard interrogating St. Peter and a servant girl. St. Peter denies the fact that he is a follower of Jesus to the Roman soldier…...

Vmfa Museum Paper - Art History

After visiting the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, I will write about four art works. The first one is called Salome Receiving the Head of St. John the Baptist by Andrea Solario. The work is very colorful, and it shows chiaroscuro with the dark background and light on the faces of Salome and John the Baptist. The focal point is on John’s head. This is one of Solario’s most notable works, and the figure style is influenced by Leonardo Da…...

“Woman Holding a Balance” by Johannes Vermeer

The nationalgalleryofart.gov website features an artist by the name of Johannes Vermeer. Johannes Vermeer’s “Woman Holding a Balance” exhibit consists of that single art piece, which was created in 1664 with oil on canvas. This realistic piece of art shows a woman holding a balance, seemingly lost in her thoughts. In the background is a painting of “The Last Judgment”. Vermeer made it hard to perceive what the woman may be balancing, whether it is the gold chains and the…...

Roman Sculpture in Art History

Roman sculpture effects life and plays an important role in Ancient Rome, Julius Caesar, and modern-day society. Statues were an important and influential part of art and architecture in roman culture. Although, most of roman art and architecture came from Greek culture and habits, most people today think of the statues and sculptural techniques as roman. Ancient Rome used statues as ceremonial pieces, public gathering places, frivolous beautifying accessories in public areas, and honorable tributes to the rich or important…...

Visual Analysis of the Marble Statue of Aphrodite

Aphrodite statues were very popular in Greece during the Hellenistic period. The marble Aphrodite of Knidos was the most renowned among the many Greek goddesses. Also written as the Aphrodite of Cnidus, the marble sculpture was created by an Attic sculptor known as Praxiteles during the 4th century BC. Arguably, it is believed to be the earliest major sculpture to show the goddess in the nude. Praxiteles also created another draped version of the marble Aphrodite of Knidos. It is…...

Comparing Classic Folktales

Before reading and writing were common practice; history was told in the form of legend; fiction was told in the form of myth; and lessons about life were taught to children through folktales and fables. Folktales not only served a role in teaching children, but often helped define the common themes of life in general for that particular culture. Most folktales have a specific message which they try to portray through symbolism, writing style, and plot. Many folktales from different…...

Jerome Robbins

Born on October 11, 1918, Jerome Wilson Rabinowitz - a. k. a. Jerome Robbins - is one of the icons in two very important fields of visual arts; film director, and an area which he established to make a name for himself: choreography. Career - The excellence in his career in choreography spanned five decades during its peak, starting with the his 1930's career all the way to the 1980s, during its entirety Robbins experimented in every different possible types…...

Art History - Modern Art:The Scene Since 1945

Which of the following best describes how pop art is made? a. by borrowing mass-produced images What emotional tone can be detected in pop art images? c. ironic and cynical Who is often considered the founder of the pop art movement? d. Richard Hamilton What characteristics distinguish Lichtenstein's work? d. all of the above (primary colors, benday dots, comic book style) What different technique did Warhol use to reproduce the image above? c. silkscreen What theme did the artist of…...

Art History - chapter 22

The term "sublime" was considered to inspire which of the following feelings? awe mixed with terror In Courbet's The Stonebreakers it has been said that he reveals to the viewer the drudgery of manual labor. What technique did he use to convey this message? use of a palette of dirty browns and grays Thomas Eakins was an artist who had a desire to portray things as he saw them and not as the public might want them portrayed. Which of…...

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