What is Human Services?
What is Human Services?
The goal of Human Services is to help people meet their basic physical and emotional needs that for whatever reason cannot be met without outside assistance. The goal of Human Services is to provide services to all human beings. Human beings sometimes are in need for food, health, shelter and safety and necessarily do not know where and how they can find such assistance. Some people also face the fear of asking for any type of assistance do to financial burden. They rather not face their important needs because lack of communication to what is available. People are all different and face different types of needs even the most basic needs cannot be met at times. The goal of Human Services provider is to sit down and figure out what area the person is in the most need and work up ladder to make everything better for that person to feel reassurance.
The goal of Human Services is to approach the objective to meeting human needs through education and training focusing on removing all the problems and maintaining a promise to improve their quality of life. The Human Services roles are as follows: counselor to those who need support, a teacher of daily living skills, advocate for those who are unable to advocate for themselves, a caregiver to children, elders and disabled adults. The goal in Human Services is of support and encouragement can empower individuals to increase ones individual’s strengths. There has been a need to help others since the beginning of time. The history of helping others has been traced back the early 1800’s, more recent history of Human Services shows that it can be traced back to the 1950’s when there was a new consciousness that there were parts of our population that were in more need of these services.
One of the key moments in the history of Human Services include a presidential act in 1798 that was passed for the relief of sick and disabled seamen, resulting in a federal network of hospitals for the care of the deprived seamen. This act eventually evolved today’s U.S. Public Health Service. Another key moment was the passage of the Social Security Act in 1935; this act instilled a sense of future financial security for citizens once they reach their senior years. One of the most recent acts was in 1990; which was National Health Service and Community Care Act it sets out how the National Health Service should assess and provide for patients based on their needs, requirements and circumstances.
So therefore the history of Human Services goes fairly far back, it was just never addressed properly. The nature of generalist practice is unique to the Human Services field because the professional is the tool. Most people that enter this field is because the face some inclination toward counseling, advocacy, and care giving. One might question, then, why someone who is natural counselor needs a professional education to become a human services professional. Even the most naturally talented counselor needs training and refinement, needs to be taught useful techniques and will be able to benefit from the results of broad-based research, the knowledge of others concerning professional issues, such as multicultural considerations, and collaboration with other professionals with years of practice experience. (Martin, 2007)
A conceptual framework that is most commonly associated with human services generalist practice is one that views clients in the context of their environment, specifically focusing on the transaction or relationship between the two. Several theories capture this conceptual framework, and virtually all are derived from general systems theory, which is based on the premise that various elements in an environment interact with each other, and this interaction (or transaction) has an impact on all elements involved. This has certain implications for the hard sciences such as ecology and physics, but when applied to the social environment its implications involve the dynamic and interactive relationship between environmental elements such as one’s family, friends, neighborhood, culture, and church on the thoughts, attitudes, and behavior of the individual. (Martin, 2007)
Common intervention strategies that Human Service professionals should do are that if a problem arises within one of the individuals that are seeking help they should always approach the situation with open eyes and not expecting anything in return. So therefore the most common strategies are to: first find out what exactly is happening? , Second: What do they wish to accomplish, and third how will this intervention meet the desired goal.
Finally there are Ethical considerations to always keep in mind. Human Services professionals and those who educate them, regardless of whether they are students, faculty or practitioners, promote and encourage the unique values and characteristics of Human Services. (NOHS, 2009) You could find a complete guideline to the set of standards that Human Services professionals should follow on the NOHS website.