The differences and the similarities between mitosis and meiosis Essay
The differences and the similarities between mitosis and meiosis
There are certain similarities as well as differences between mitosis and meiosis. The following discussion therefore illustrates the both cases where the differences seem to exceed the similarities. Beginning with the similarities, both are processes where cell division occurs and new organisms are produced as well as enhancing development. The reproduction occurs in two types: the asexual and the sexual. In both processes they begin with the interphase as the first stage where cells replicate thus there is promotion of growth in sexually producing organisms.
In both the microscope is used by the scientists in chromosomal classification of the patterns. They both occur in human, plants and animals, (Veronica, Armstrong. 2007). The difference between the two processes is first illustrated in their definitions. Mitosis is defined as the process where asexual reproduction occurs where somatic cells are used, while in meiosis the process of sexual reproduction which involves use of only sex cell of both the female and the male. Meiosis does not occur in single cell species but mitosis process does, (Veronica, Armstrong.
2007). During mitosis process genetically two identical daughter cells are produced while in meiosis different daughter cells which are four haploids are produced. They are different from parent cells as well as between themselves, (Campbell Neil A. et others 2008). In meiosis there is crossing over of genes and also recombination while in mitosis there is no crossing over or recombination of genes, (Campbell Neil A. et others 2008). Mitosis was first discovered by Walther Flemming while meiosis was discovered by Oscar Hertwig.
Stages involved in mitosis process are as follows: interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and cytokinesis while them that are involved in meiosis are as follows: interphase, prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, prophase II, metaphase II, anaphase II and telophase II, (Veronica, Armstrong. 2007). Works Cited Campbell Neil A. , Reece Jane B. , Taylor Martha R. , Simon Eric J. , Dickey Jean L. Biology: Concepts & Connections. New York: Peason/Benjamin Cummings, 2008. Veronica, Armstrong. Mitosis and Meiosis: The Science of Cell Division. New York: User Friendly Resource Enterprises, 2007.