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The Philosophy of Socrates

If I lived during the Socrates times, I could be his great follower and would not have or would not condemn him any other time. Some of the reasons include; not putting into consideration the time spent in the military, Socrates lived his entire live in Athens where he was well known for his moral integrity, thirst for wisdom and self control. Additionally, through his best student’s ...

Human ideal

Human ideals seem to play a big role in culture, literature, and religion. However, there is of course no true human ideal because no two people think exactly the same way. The ideals ranged from fighting for your home and to kill for glory to achieving the ultimate good of happiness. Perfection in this world is merely an idea and it has a hard time fitting in with anything since nothing is truly ...

We Were Soldiers vs. Platoon

Platoon is semi-autobiographical. Stone, who served as an infantryman in Vietnam, has grafted many of his experiences into the film, and the primary characters are based on individuals Stone served with. The lead, Chris Taylor (Charlie Sheen), represents the filmmaker. One could reasonably argue that the reason Platoon is so good is because it has such a deeply personal meaning for Stone. Conseque...

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Compare and Contrast Plato and Decsartes

In conclusion, both Descartes and Plato in their attempts to challenge the prevailing doctrine of their respective times introduced two of the most influential concepts in the world of Philosophy. Descartes through his examination of systematic doubt uncovers the limitations of the physical senses in acquiring knowledge and introduces further challenges to understanding external reality with the d...

Crito Analysis

Throughout Socrates’ discussions, he often has conversations with himself and the “Law”. Plato personifies the “Law” by giving it human-like qualities and speech; it is suggested that the Law can be hurt, and angry. He does this to distinguish it as a character that has feelings. For example, “’…you will leave this place, when you do, as the victim of a wrong done not by us, the La...

Plato’s “The allegory of the Cave”

Both the leaders and the public are ignorant and corrupt, without true knowledge of themselves or the world, motivated by self-gratification. They are chained in slavery to ignorance and passions, to mob hysteria for or against fleeting issues, believing in the illusions, the shadows. We live in a time of loss of meaning, of crumbling values of truth and morality, of corruption in political life a...

Crito Analysis

Throughout Socrates’ discussions, he often has conversations with himself and the “Law”. Plato personifies the “Law” by giving it human-like qualities and speech; it is suggested that the Law can be hurt, and angry. He does this to distinguish it as a character that has feelings. For example, “’…you will leave this place, when you do, as the victim of a wrong done not by us, the La...

Plato vs. St. Augustine of Hippo

Augustine. "The City of God-excerpts on the Two Cities", Medieval Sourcebook, July 1998. Stephen, Cooper. Augustine for Armchair Theologians, 2002. Print. Plato. “The Allegory of the cave”, The History Guide, May 2004. Goheen, Michael W., and Craig G. Bartholomew. Living at the Crossroads. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing Group, 2008. Print. Gonalez, Justo L. The Story of Christianity. Peabody: ...

Aristotle Biography

Members of the Lyceum wrote up their findings in manuscripts. In so doing, they built the school’s massive collection of written materials, which by ancient accounts was credited as one of the first great libraries. In the same year that Aristotle opened the Lyceum, his wife Pythias died. Soon after, Aristotle embarked on a romance with a woman named Herpyllis, who hailed from his hometown of St...

Augustine and Skepticism

Although the ideas of academic and total skeptic ism sought to disprove a need or even the logic behind philosophy, scholars such as St. Augustine attempted to prove that despite the fact that we do not have total knowledge in everything, we are not totally void of knowledge. The three refutations of Augustine serve to help us remember that just as there is an opposite to nearly everything, the co...

Only a belief in embodied existence after death is philosophically justifiable. Discuss

For many, the fact that we cannot think of our minds not existing is a far stronger argument than that of say, Peter Geach as looking back over past scriptures is just like copying off of someone in a test who has made their answers up, we would just be looking at something which may or may not be true. While I was slightly swayed by the first argument in favour of the given statement, due to its ...

Philosophy Questions

•That even if it is comprehensible, it cannot be communicated Gorgias’s propositions are said to be logical contradictions, how can they be logical if they contradict each other? How is it that "nothing exists"? I'm definitely puzzled, and if it does exist, it's incomprehensible? Was he questioning his/our own existence? How can something be comprehensible but cannot be communicated? I have no...

Analysis of Plato's Allegory of the Cave

Finally the word light or the Sun, used to represent the ultimate truth, the answers found to those erroneous beliefs that you thought were true. I completely agree with Plato and I think we can apply this logic to many equations we face in life as intelligent, moral and empathetic people. I learned that people see reality as the visible world when reality really is more than the visible world. T...

A Critical analysis of The film "Platoon"

Platoon was instantly acclaimed upon it's release as the first truly authentic look at Vietnam since the end of the war. It was nominated for many academy awards including, best picture, best film editing, best sound, best director, best cinematography, best writing, and best supporting actor. The film won Academy Awards for Best Picture, Best film editing, best sound, and best director. Richard ...

Critical Analysis "The School of Athens"

This art would have been well acknowledged at the time, as the paintings shows great thinkers and represents time of knowledge. This is what the Renaissance was about a passion for knowledge and skill. During the Renaissance people had an interest in classical antiquity, it centered around man, his earthly environment and his visual world. The human figure, the landscape, the treatment of deep spa...

Plato's View of Justice in the Republic

In this post world war two and post 'Brave New World' time, it is easy to take The Republic as a strange Nazi/Taliban-esque tyrannical state on a first glance. As a state the polis would most definitely have failed. As macrocosm for justice in the individual it is unsurpassed. Its influence to this day was evident recently when it was voted best philosophical work ever by readers of the web page h...

Criticisms of Plato's Theory of the Forms

Plato criticises his own theory a few times but eventually reaches answers to the things he criticised. This can either cause other people's criticisms to be more valid or less valid depending on the way you look at it. Often, when people criticise their own work before somebody else does, it lowers the value of the criticism as it shows Plato already knew people would criticise him for that. On t...

Theory of recollection from Plato's writings about Socrates

In another example of why the recollection theory does not work, Socrates asks a slave boy, who had no prior schooling, certain questions about geometry: "Tell me now, boy, you know that a square figure is like this?" Here we can tell that Socrates is indeed controlling the boy's answers by asking him a leading question. He does not ask what is this figure, but instead gives the answer within the ...

Plato's "Myth of the cave"

In Plato's "Myth of the cave" points a person who is set free, and goes out to see the real world, and what lies behind the shadows of light that we see. Having been enlightened to the nature of reality, it is not easy to explain this to others. Humans in their unenlightened beginnings are symbolized as imprisoned at the back of a dark cave. The shadowy environment of the cave symbolizes for Plato...

Plato's Three Parts of The Soul

The charioteer should be in charge of the whole system deciding about when to give each horse it rein or when to hold it back. The horses should not govern the whole system; the whole system should be run by the rational decisions of the charioteer. Plato believed this was the perfect balance of the soul and would lead to harmonization and happiness of the soul creating a good and just person....

Amistad: Natural Law vs. Positive Law

Steven Spielbergs Amistad is an excellent representation of the many ways the law can be interpreted. Thomas Hobbes believed all law and justice is based on the fact that people are born evil, while Plato believed that humans are born naturally good and laws are created by the use of reason. Natural law and Positive law are two very diverse views, which in the case of Amistad contain one crucial s...

"Only the Lover Sings" by Josef Pieper

This, for instance, is the meaning of Plato's statement that 'music imitates the impulses of the soul', or as Aristotle puts it: music is similar to ethics and related to it. The same tradition continues in remarks by Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche when they say that music 'invariably is the expression of an immediacy as no interfering medium is involved'; or (Schopenhauer) that of all th...

Plato Vs Aristotle Theory Of Knowledge

By giving an example of an artist, Aristotle explains how ideas in the mind of an artist become a work of art in the physical world- his classical example, the piece of marble, which becomes a sculpture through the work of the artist. The marble though it has shape and form (in passive potency), loses it to become a sculpture which was only an idea in the mind of the artist. Aristotle thus identif...

Aristotle's Critique of Plato's Theory of Limited Communism

In the Republic, it is clear that a communism of children and women will only occur amongst the rulers . The argument of Aristotle is simple and clear that Plato does not take a clear position in his limited communism ideology . This reveals the fact that Aristotle’s criticism of Plato's theory of limited communism as put forth in the Republic is justified and thus fair. Bibliography: Plato, The...

Know Thyself and Goals in Life

Plato’s beliefs were more on rational beliefs than on sensory beliefs and a theory of forms. In the theory of forms he believed souls were reincarnated into another body and the new body may still have recollections of the past body making it difficult for the soul to comprehend (King, 2009). He had his own metaphor “the eye of the soul” where he felt the world was perceived through memories...

Critique on Plato’s Apology of Socrates

There was no way they would be swayed from their convictions because of the threat of punishment. Neither will they stop from doing what is right to be saved from harm. They will die for a friend, be hanged for a good cause and beaten for their beliefs. The Philosophers were no ordinary mortals. They endured because of their faith, their tenacity and wisdom. They may have been misunderstood but th...

Socrates & Integrity

One of the charges in his trial was that he invented deities, yet the daimon that Socrates referred to was merely his conscience. A man who makes decisions based on his conscience, is a man of integrity. He took responsibility for himself and his choices and was willing to accept the consequences of his freedom of speech. Socrates was the personification of integrity, because he chose honor and co...

Happiness for Aristotle and Plato

Aristotle acknowledges men’s desire to be happy according to the satisfaction of senses so as long as it will not contradict virtue. As Aristotle believes that the soul does not survive after death, people should strive to be happy while they are still alive. On the other hand, Plato claims that true happiness is achieved only in the performance of one’s own duty, especially the duty of exerci...

Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

In conclusion, through the viewing of The Matrix and the reading of both Plato and Descartes, we can see that all three bring to mind many philosophical questions related to actual and perceived reality. Obviously, it is very fascinating to imagine a world where alternative and controlled realities are possible and even very real. The truth is sometimes stranger than fiction and, in my opinion, T...

Human Nature and the Goodness of a Person in Plato’s Republic I

Lastly and most importantly, a good man is a man who does to others what others do to him, whether this is good or bad, although out of kindness he may choose not to do something bad. Nevertheless, a good man believes that a just punishment should serve its necessary purpose. We therefore learn so much from the words of Cephalus: “When a man lives out his days in justice and piety, sweet compani...

Comparing and contrasting “The Matrix” and Plato's “The Allegory Of The Cave”

As far as ignorance being bliss or finding out the harsh reality of illusion, I feel like it depends on the person. I know some people who purposely try to live in a false reality because they just would rather live in a fairytale. They do not want to deal with the harsh realities that come along with knowing the truth. I also know others that no matter how painful or frustrating reality is, knowi...

Socrates Biography

Socrates suggested he be honored by the city for his contribution to their enlightenment and be paid for his services. he jury was not amused and sentenced him to death by drinking a mixture of poison hemlock. ( Bio. 2011 ) while Socrates was awaiting his death some of his friends offered to bride the guard to let him go and go into exile instead of facing death, but Socrates declined to offer. wh...

Plato's Theory of Forms

The form of goodness allows all the other forms to be understood and be valued. We are said to participate in the form but it isn’t something that Plato gave detail or description on, this has become one of the argument and reasons why some people have rejected the theory. Aristotle gave another argument against the theory as the ideal of man would hold traits of man and would therefore have to ...

Aristophanes Account of Love in Plato's Symposium

As I previously stated, I agree with Aristophanes in one way. I think that the idea of two people being meant to be together is plausible. People are always in constant search for a soul mate. Not necessarily the “one” per say, but a person they can spend the rest of their life with. There are billions of people in the world are I think it is very possible to have multiple compatible people wh...

The Comparison and Similarities: Jesus Christ and Socrates

He introduce to us how to repent and admit all our sins, thus, making us clean and worth loving by the Lord God. The truth that Jesus Christ’s teachings are more re-known than Socrates or even all the great philosophers that had ever lived cannot be hidden. Everyone knows Him, and He indeed touches everyone’s life even nowadays. The fact that His words are used for religious purposes really co...

Socrates on Justice, Law and the Obligation to obey the State

Conclusion This paper has found that citizens are under great obligation to obey the laws of the state. Socrates insists that one is obliged to obey state laws even when their application is unjust. He further states that one is morally obliged to honor the state’s legal requirement, and therefore has to accept the court’s sentence. He goes on to say that disobeying these laws would be very wr...

A Comparative Essay on Plato’s and Aristotle’s Philosophies on Beauty, Tragedy and Art

The gods favour him because he is the hero but if in the end, it is discovered that he has a flaw, and then he becomes a tragic hero. But there is a critical point on why this is the case. Tragic heroes and their pathetic demise exists for one thing and that is to “purge” the audience of the feeling of fear and sorrow: “tragedy, in depicting passionate and critical situations, takes the obse...

Aristotle vs Plato's View on Happiness

Aristotle gives us a way to look at the good life in a broad sense, whereas Plato sets out rules and guidelines to follow to achieve justice and eventually happiness. I prefer Aristotle’s view of a good life of one that flourishes, one that is able to perform their function as a human being well. A life of happiness, courage, wisdom, and living up to one’s obligations are necessary for one to ...

Plato and Aristotle: a Comparison

Works Cited 1. Aristotle. Nicomachean Ethics, Second Edition. Translated by Terence Irwin. Hackett Publishing Company, INC. , Indiana: 1999. 2. Nelson, Brian R. Western Political Thought: From Socrates to the Age of Enlightenment. Prentice Hall, New Jersey: 1996. 3. Plato. Euthyphro. Laurier Course Package, Professor V. Burke. p. 14. 4. Velasquez, Manuel. Philosophy: A Text With Readings: Seventh ...

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