Plato Essay Examples


Defense of Socrates – The Charges
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In “Plato, Defense of Socrates”, Socrates was in trial for his charges for not recognizing the gods of the city or that he was religious or an atheist. Socrates disputed that he is innocent of both charges; corrupting the youth and impiety. Socrates' defense is failed at the end and he is sentenced to death. He concludes that a simple man should have no concern when it comes to death. Socrates defends himself towards the costs delivered in opposition to…...
The Trial and Execution of Socrates
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In Plato’s Apology, the reader finds much interesting information about the philosophic thought that is derived from Socrates’ defense speech. Socrates, Plato’s teacher, and friend is ready to defend himself. Socrates’ mission is to help people to better understand the meaning of life in order to change their lives, placing emphasis on virtue and souls. He says, It is the greatest good for a human being to discuss Virtue every day and the other things About which you hear me…...
Education and Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
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The cave taping that we listened to in class was a metaphor that contrasted real life and the things that we believe to be true. In the tape, Plato has Socrates describe a group of prisoners who are chained to a wall of a cave. They are facing a bare wall, watching the shadows that are cast from objects passing in front of a fire. The imprisoned people believe that the shadows are real and give them names. The named…...
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Understanding the truth of Reality in the light of Plato, Aristotle and The Matrix
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Have you ever had the feeling where you are uncertain if you are awake or is still dreaming? Those are not phrases from a metaphysical book but perhaps a popular Hollywood film "The Matrix." Nevertheless, freedom is not about having a really good illusion, but about realizing it's all just an illusion. Furthermore, the philosophies in the movie and the truth borrowed from eastern philosophies from the great philosophers including Plato and Aristotle. There are several similarities between Plato's "The…...
Plato’s Conception of Reality
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In Plato's Allegory of the Cave, Socrates depicts a gathering of detainees being affixed to a divider watching these shadows which are truly individuals strolling behind them, making them believe them to be anything they desire them to be. They know nothing else with the exception of what they believe is their very own world. When one of the detainees is discharged he understands that what he thought was the truth, was extremely simply his own mind going on with…...
Plato’s Allegory of the Cave: Life Lessons
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The cave taping that we listened to in class was a metaphor that contrasted real life and the things that we believe to be true. In the tape, Plato has Socrates describe a group of prisoners who are chained to a wall of a cave. They are facing a bare wall, watching the shadows that are cast from objects passing in front of a fire. The imprisoned people believe that the shadows are real and give them names. The named…...
Why did Plato think women could be legitimate political Guardians?
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  Thus, though he asserts that women in general are not as capable as men in general, especially in physical strength, individual members of both sexes will be capable of performing all the functions needed by the city, including guardianship and philosophy. The only way to ensure that persons are assigned the jobs for which they are best suited is to asses the merits of each, independently of sex (gender)'. 4 The three primary types of desires are divided into…...
What is truth according to Platos allegory of the cave?
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    If truth was objective then there would be absolute truth and there shouldn't be any dispute to this viewpoint. Truth should be evident based on fact according to people who believe that truth is objective. 15 However Sophocles had a different view to this and he portrayed this in his play called the 'Antigone'. 16 Creon was the ruler of the cit of Thebes. He wanted to leave the body of Antigone's brother Polyneices out in the open…...
Summary of Plato’s ‘The Republic’
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“The Republic” is a work of “Plato” that talks about his “ideal society” (Plato et. al. , 2003, pp. 1 – 496). According to him an “ideal society” is: 1) one that is ordered/structured, just/reasonable, wise/sensible, courageous/spirited, temperate/controlled; 2) a society that is geared towards the well-being of the whole population and not just one class; and last but not least 3) a society that is ruled by the “philosopher-ruler” (Plato et. al. , 2003, pp. 1 – 496). Plato…...
Plato: the Republic (Book 1)
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Introduction to Philosophy Plato is one of the many philosophers who have had an influence on the ideas of humane thinking. Born in Athens, believed to be around 428 BC, Plato has expressed various works pertaining to idealism and the theory of forms. Plato has made many allegories and metaphors of life. One of his many famous writings would be included in his collected dialogues. The Republic, Book 1, is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato around his mid-life. The…...
Justice Through the Eyes of Plato and Hume
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Name Course Instructor Day Month Year Justice through the Eyes of Plato and Hume The philosophic debate of justice goes back millennia with many points of view on what it actually is and why we have it. Both Plato and Hume had ideas on justice and both differed. Plato, in his Republic, searches for justice by building a city from the ground up in our imagination. He starts with merely five to ten people each with their own job and…...
Famous Speeches
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Throughout time speeches have allowed the ideas and the voices of people to be heard. It has allowed action to have started and awareness for others. Through a speech an underlying message is present and the distinctive voice allows this message to be heard. In this assignment I have talked about eight speeches and the way their distinctive voice reflected their ideas about various issues. Martin Luther King 'I have a dream' "I have a dream" are the famous words…...
Movie “The Matrix”: Plato’s and Aristotle’s Philosophies
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The Matrix, a Wachowski fellow's movie, conforms many modern and traditional ideas regarding theВ truth behind the facts. Moreover, the dominant framework of the film is adapted from 'Plato's Allegory of the Cave.' (Jowett) The film reflects the philosophy of Plato almost exactly in structure. The theory is about prisoners who are shackled in a cave since childhood, facing just a wall. Throughout the wall, their shadows of different shapes of animals and plants and a sound of fire that…...
Plato’s view of reality as an order of one’s appearance or character
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Plato's view of reality, as an order of one's appearance or character and the reality, is not the sense of presence that for real. In this deference, it is likely to point to composition and thoughts of eminent philosophers, such as Descartes and Gandhi who improved source opinion on presence and fact, but they have indubitable similarities in their conception. However, unlikely Plato, Descartes did not repose on account and correct analysis only. Perhaps most important according to both of…...
Plato’s concept of schooling is an try to touch the evil at
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Plato's concept of schooling is an try to touch the evil at its very supply. It is an try and remedy a intellectual illness by a intellectual medication. Barker rightly says that Plato's scheme of schooling brings the soul into that environment which in every degree of its boom is quality appropriate for its development. Plato's concept of training is crucial in his political principle.It is vital in to date because it 'presents a foundation for an appropriate country designed…...
Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy
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Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy is unjust and full of corruption. It goes back to the understanding that some rulers gain power when they are not deserving. Aristotle argues that the person who should rule is the one who is a best fit in order to rule effectively. Both plato and aristotle agree that honor should be given to those who possess knowledge of the good. It is therefore unjust when honor to rule is given…...
The Path to Enlightenment: Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
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Question 1: Theory concerning human perception put forward by Plato (Interpretation). Introduction: Plato presents concepts that still hold to this day. In the allegory of the cave, three main ideas are proposed: We live in a form of a matrix which would represent the cave structure since birth, what happens when one who was in this matrix gets enlightened and ultimately that we tend to reject new knowledge that challenges us in our comfort zones. Interpretation: Living in the matrix…...
Plato’s Allegory from “Republic”
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Educators are now facing a number of controversies. Though the modern education system in Korea has enjoyed remarkable growth over the past few decades, it has started to reveal lots of drawbacks especially in teaching students efficiently. Focusing on the process of the enlightenment given from Plato's allegory from "Republic", it is discernable that some values which Plato regards important contrasts with those of the current education structure. Modern students don't get the opportunity to face the concept in reality,…...
The Symposium By Plato
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PROLOGUE: This started with the introduction of a character, a man namely, Apollodorus of Phalerum. While traveling in a city, Apollodorus encountered an unnamed acquaintance and asked him about the famous story of a drinking party called the "Symposium". This party involves Socrates and his other followers. Although Apollodorus did not really attended the said event, he agrees on telling his companion the happenings and the interaction that happened in the event via the stories told to him by Aristodemus,…...
Plato’s idea of what we love, how we love
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In this paper, I will agree with Plato's account of the dynamic and indeterminate nature of romantic love. For his account of romantic love in the Symposium, Socrates's speech, states the real elements of love and what it represents in a person's life. This type of love may seem irrelevant to those not pursuing it, yet Plato demonstrates how our willingness to find this love is our perseverance to thrive. Making this type of love an unconscious goal or idea…...
Compare Plato’s concept of Ethics and Justice
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INTRODUCTION Plato was born in the Athenian family in 427 BCE. Plato's mother was Perictione who was related to Solon , architect of the Athenian Constitution. His father, Ariston was a descendent of the Codrus and dies when plato was young. Therefore he belonged to a aristocratic family. He had two brothers; Glaucon and Adiemantus who also appeared in 'The Republic'. He had a sister Potone whose son later became the head of Plato's school 'The Academy'. He was an…...
Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle
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One of the subject ideas we were provided to write about was how we thought Plato, St. Aquinas or Aristotle most represents my town/family which I intrigued me because during this time of year, around the holidays, everyone's thoughts turn to how can help provide for and protect our fellowman, how can we make sure all the children we know have gifts from Santa, how can we make sure that everyone has a special meal on Christmas Day, how can…...
Plato’s Philosophical Concept of Cave
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a group of prisoners who have been chained from birth in a cave. They are chained so that they are unable to move. All they can see in front of them, for their entire lives, is the back wall of the cave. So, there are men, who pass by the walkway and carry objects made of stone behind the curtain-wall, and they make sounds to go along with the objects. These objects are projected onto the back wall of the…...
Plato and Aristotle: Democracy and Corruption
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Plato and Aristotle both shared the understanding that democracy is unjust and full of corruption. It goes back to the understanding that some rulers gain power when they are not deserving. Aristotle argues that the person who should rule is the one who is a best fit in order to rule effectively. Both plato and aristotle agree that honor should be given to those who possess knowledge of the good. It is therefore unjust when honor to rule is given…...
Allegory of the Cave by Plato
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As the philospoher Seneca once said, “It is the power of the mind to be unconquerable. ” Raymond Carver’s Cathedral is a story about a man who started out as a closed-minded man but, throughout the story his character changes as he begins to bond with his wife’s friend, Robert, a man who is blind. Plato’s Allegory of the cave is a story about a prisoner who is freed from being locked in chains living all of his life underground…...
Essay on Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
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Marlo Diorio Dr. Mishra – College Writing I “Allegory of the Cave” “Allegory of the Cave”, written by Plato, is story that contrasts the differences between what is real and what is perceived. He opens with Glaucon talking to Socrates. He has Glaucon imagine what it would be like to be chained down in a cave, not able to see anything other than what is in front of him. He tells a story of men that were trapped in a…...
“The Comedy of Errors” Plato
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“The Comedy of Errors” Plato states that: “The measure of a man is what he does with his power. ” But is this true? Or does it depend on a person’s money and possessions? Perhaps it is the family they were born into, or even their gender. And how can reputation affect your class standing? In “The Comedy of Errors” William Shakespeare explores the interplay of these various possibilities that can determine a person’s class. Shakespeare shows us that a…...
Describe Plato Allegory of the Cave
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Describe Plato allegory of the cave (25 marks) Plato is one of the most important Greek philosophers and a pupil of Socrates. He founded the Academy in Athens, an institution devoted to research and instruction in philosophy and the sciences. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics which were very influential. The complex meanings that can be perceived from the "Cave" can be seen in the beginning with the presence of the prisoners who are chained in the darkness of the…...
Epistemologies; Plato vs. Aristotle
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Plato, the father of philosophy, was a rationalist. He was the first systematic metaphysician and epistemologist. He believed that we had innate knowledge; a priori. So to him learning was only a matter of remembering. Plato believed that the “ideal” world existed beyond our own physical earth because according to him realty could not be changing or imperfect. From his point of view what we see are only the particulars, the mimics of the real thing, therefore, we have to…...
Plato’s Theory of Forms: Concept Explanation
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Qu.1. A] Explain Plato's concept of the Forms. B] Evaluate carefully Forms as a way of understanding the world. Plato, Socrates' famous pupil, created the Theory of Forms. This essay will explore the ideas of Plato's theory, the strengths and weaknesses of his thoughts, and how they affect our understanding of the world. The Theory of Forms states that everything has a Form- whether it is a chair, a bed, an animal etc; absolutely everything has a Form. Plato also…...
The Ideal State: According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
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         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain society’s dilemmas based on realities they can constitute through reason alone and not through some convention based on mythical uncertainties. Among such men were Socrates,…...
On Plato’s Ideal State
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The Republic, though an ancient text that has long been heavily criticized, is a complete philosophical work in itself where the crucial details can be closely associated with one another. It is of equal significance that to succeed at grasping the meaning of one crucial part one is necessitated as well to have an understanding of the other chunks of his philosophical work. We are then called forth to carry out a rough analysis of his remaining conjectures in order…...
The Meaning, Purpose and Function of Higher Education for Plato
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Plato believed in an ‘ideal state,’ the Republic, which is ruled and sustained by an ‘ideal’ group of people whose main objective should be to seek their highest good for the benefit of both the state and the society. “Only those who know what the good is are fit to rule”(Oxford Companion to Philosophy, 1995).  To know what is good, one has to “undergo long and rigorous intellectual training that will yield this knowledge” (p. 1541). Plato believed that the…...
Plato/Socrates & St. Augustine
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The realm of the reasoning man, according to Plato in his work Phaedo, is extrapolated by Socrates, that is, a man who is within reason also must admit to the fundamental truths regarding life after death (the viewpoint of Plato in this paper will be seen through Socrates as Phaedo was written to express Plato’s viewpoint through Socrates, so, henceforth, whenever Socrates is mentioned it is Plato’s perspective). That is to say, in Socrates explanation of immortality, there remains the…...
Understanding the Challenges of Glaucon and Adeimantus in Plato’s Republic
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A significantly large aspect of Plato’s dialogue entitled Republic is the discussion of the concept of justice. On a preliminary note, the significance of such a concept makes itself manifest in our deepest questions concerning the many aspects of the political order and political life. In the Republic, Socrates’ interlocutors Glaucon and Adeimantus, challenge the view that it is always more preferable for an individual to be just than unjust. At this early part of the paper, it is an…...
Plato ethics
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Every person does not do what he believes as to be the best, but however, there is an open door for a person to act on an appetitive attitude that conflicts with rational attitudes what is good. Some conflicting attitudes are dependent to different objects. This external conflict does not necessarily require an internal division of psychology attitudes (Irwin, 1999). The psychological theory of Plato is a bit complicating than the basic division that might be suggested by an individual.…...
Plato’s Theory of Forms
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Explain and define Plato’s theory of Forms with your personal Criticism. Plato was born in Athens on 428 BC. He was a Greek philosopher who laid foundations of western philosophy. He raised basic questions and problems of western thought, goodness and virtue, truth and knowledge, body and soul, ideal political state, and use of Literature and Arts were some of the pre dominant topics of interest to Plato. Plato devoted himself completely to philosophy. He was a student of Socrates.…...
Plato’s Objection to Poetry
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He was the first systemic critic who inquired into the nature of imaginative literature and put forward theories which are both illuminating and provocative. He was himself a great poet and his dialogues are full of his gifted dramatic quality. His Dialogues are the classic works of the world literature having dramatic, lyrical and fictional elements. According to him all arts are imitative or mimetic in nature. He wrote in The Republic that ‘ideas are the ultimate reality’. Things are…...
Platos Kallipolis
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Plato’s Republic is to a very large extent totalitarian, or rather on the “surface” appears to be totalitarian in the way he formulates it and lays down it blue prints. This is due to the fact that it seems that Plato is more concerned about the happiness of the state as a whole even if it means some individuals must suffer, the government is not elected by its citizens and the interests of the ruling class rule over the city.…...
Analysis “Meno” by Plato
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In Meno, Socrates poses the question 'if a thing had neither teachers nor learners, we should be right in surmising that it could not be taught' (Meno, 89e). Thus, we will begin to look into Socrates speaking on how virtue cannot be taught by using several wealthy and good men as examples to prove his theory. First, speaking of Themistocles and his son Cleophantus, Socrates lays out his theory that virtue cannot be taught. 'Have you never heard how Themistocles…...
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FAQ about Plato

Why did Plato think women could be legitimate political Guardians?

...3 Christopher Rome, Political thought from Plato to Nato (London: BBC books, 1987) 4 Susan Moller Akin, Women in Western Political thought, (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1979) pp. 39-40. 5 Christopher Rome, Political thought from Plato to N...

What is truth according to Platos allegory of the cave?

...12 A. R. George, The Epic of Gilgamesh: the Babylonian Epic Poem and Other Texts in Akkadian and Sumerian (London: Penguin Books, 2003) 13 Fredrich Wilhelm Nietzsche, R. J. Hollingdale, Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the future Frie...

Plato’s idea of what we love, how we love

...I've come to understand that Plato's narrative does show the dynamic of romantic love. We search for love in the form of wisdom or beauty, once we find it we feel content and therefore do not act out for attention to be given love. One 'settles' for ...