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Plato Essay Examples

Plato

...It would have been a lot simpler if he stated his defense of the philosophical life in plain language or stating it as it is and not resorting to examples. It is another job to explain the analogy and figure out his thoughts that way. His philosophies are mostly about leading an austere life, devoid of the frills, but steeped in virtues. In the current times, we do not have to deprive ourselves with the conveniences that make life easy. Living the golden rule and all the other virtues is not a m...

Plato - Philosophy

...(pp. 121-122) there are the big questions: Why should we want philosophers to rule? How are we going to get them to rule? Since we are asking them to come back down into the cave-world, won’t we be doing them harm by making their lives worse rather than better? (Text, pp. 122-123) What do you think of the following statements by Plato (Socrates)? “The best rulers of the state are those who know the Good, who don’t look to politics for their happiness, & who live a higher life than the ...

Plato, Crito

...Perhaps not, as Socrates is already 70 and was expected to die soon anyways (the average life span for male was around 40). Dying in the name of justice, instead of old age in a distant place, is definitely more romantic and held more appeal. Furthermore, to live in exile would have no positive effect on his children, it would tarnish his reputation, and such a life in exile will not be enjoyable (Crito 53d – 54d). Therefore, it would be possible that Socrates will still choose to die as a mar...

Platos Apology

...On a more serious note, he rejects prison and exile, offering perhaps instead to pay a fine. When the jury rejects his suggestion and sentences him to death, Socrates stoically accepts the verdict with the observation that no one but the gods know what happens after death and so it would be foolish to fear what one does not know. He also warns the jurymen who voted against him that in silencing their critic rather than listening to him, they have harmed themselves much more than they have harmed...

Platos Kallipolis

...Conclusion In conclusion, given my description of a totalitarian state, I believe Plato’s republic to be to a very large extent totalitarian in its elements. Even though it may not initially be outright totalitarian it has a great potential to degrade into a totalitarian state. As discussed in this essay we see the elements of the Kallipolis very often coincide with those of totalitarianism. However I do not believe that Plato intended for it to be outright totalitarian , but hen anyone who h...

Plato - Epistemology

...THEORY OF FORMS ? Plato’s theory of the Forms is his most significant philosophical contribution. ? There are atleast five questions that we might ask about the forms: What are the forms? ? In his Symposium Plato states that we normally grasp beauty first of all in a particular object or person. But having discovered beauty in his limited form, we soon “perceive that the beauty of one form is akin to another”, and so we move from the beauty of a particular body to the recognition that beau...

Plato Essay

...Plato therefore criticized democracy because instead of philosopher-kings who have true knowledge, the rulers are chosen on irrelevant grounds. The art of ruling, which he thought to determine what is best, became in democracy the art of appealing to the masses with flattery. Plato believed that in a democracy it is impossible to exit the cave or rise to the highest section of the divided line because it is powered by rhetoric. Rhetoric works at the level of opinion and only invokes belief by em...

Plato ethics

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Platonic Love

...Here one important thing to note is that whether something is beautiful or not is objective not subjective. Further by the example of wealth, health and strength, Socrates argues that not only desiring the object once, but also the continuance of the desirability, is a parameter for the object of love. After which Socrates asks Agathon whether good is beautiful or not, to which Agathon replies that he can not refute Socrates, But Socrates replies by arguing that Agathon can not refute the truth ...

Plato Aristotle Comparison

...Sources used: 1- The Republic: Author: Plato Published by: Penguin Classics 2- The Nicomachean Ethics: Author: Aristotle Published by: Penguin Classics 3- Goodness and Justice, Plato, Aristotle, and the Moderns: Author: Gerasimos Santas Published by: Blackwell Publishers 4- Aristotle on equality and justice, his political argument: Author: W. Von Leyden Published by: Macmillan 5- Aristotelian logic: Author: William Thomas Parry, Edward A. Hacker Published by: State University of New York, Albany...

Phaedrus by Plato

...In part 229c-230 b, Socrates reflects an affirmative belief on stories of myths such as the story of Bores and Orithyia. Socrates showcases his reasoning that he doesn't have enough time as well for himself to give explanation about such occurrence that happened in the place where the story was foretold thus he results to might as well be believing in it. He believes that skeptics don't have the luxury of time challenging and explaining the truth about other creatures, monsters and occurrences a...

PLato and Education

...Every person would know his duty and his responsibility. Bibliography Annas, J. (1993). The Morality of Happiness. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Franck, Matthew. (n. d). "Aldous Huxley’s City in Speech: Brave New World and the Republic of Plato" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the The Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois, A Kahn, C. (1996). Plato and the Socratic Dialogue. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Numan, M. (2003). Foundation o...

Plato - Short Biography

...The university was closed because it was believed to not follow the Christian religion. Another major accomplish of Plato's was the many groups of writings that he completed. These mainly consisted of a fundamental belief of his, that education is extremely important for a persons moral values. Somewhere around 347 B. C. Plato died. Through out history Plato has not only been remembered as Socrates's greatest pupil but also for his philosophical writings on education and for how he created a sta...

Plato's 4 Virtues

...Similarly, the high-spirit of the soul should use anger, as the auxiliary class does in the city because they both demonstrate the virtue of courage allowing them to maintain proper order and harmony needed to establish justice. When the two parts of the soul and the city work together, the virtue of moderation is exhibited; because the soul’s appetitive part and city’s artisan class will be working together to maintain a state of unity. As seen with the city, justice will only emerge in the...

Plato's Theory of Forms

...The form of goodness allows all the other forms to be understood and be valued. We are said to participate in the form but it isn’t something that Plato gave detail or description on, this has become one of the argument and reasons why some people have rejected the theory. Aristotle gave another argument against the theory as the ideal of man would hold traits of man and would therefore have to have a perfect form on which it is based as would that being. This idea could be back traced continu...

Mimesis: Plato and Aristotle

...Aristotle believed that mimesis – and the catharsis it created – fostered growth and prosperity. Works Cited Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1997. Print. Plato, The Republic, Book 10, pp 11-28, Aristotle, Poetics, pp 29-44. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthetics: The Classic Readings. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 1997. *Plato. [ 2 ]. Ibid [ 3 ]. Ibid [ 4 ]. Cooper E. David [Ed. ]. Aesthet...

Plato and Stephen Hawking

...14. Toy corporations which promote the purchase of toy guns give children a clear message that the best way to deal with frustration and conflict is with a gun. Yes, toy corporations spend millions on developing new toy weapons every year. What message are we sending our youth? The purchase of toy guns give children a clear message that the best way to deal with frustration and conflict is with a gun. Toy corporations spend millions on developing new toy weapons every year. Toy corporations whic...

Short note on plato

...How we think and what we take to be real having an important role in how we act. Thus, Plato came to believe that a philosophical manner toward life would lead one to being just and, ultimately, happy. DAVID HUME LIFE Born in Edinburgh, Hume spent his childhood at Ninewells, the family's modest estate on the Whitadder River in the border lowlands near Berwick. His father died when he was two years old, he left the wife with the responsibility of taking care of the family, Hume’s mother a woman...

Research Paper on Plato

...References Kraut, R. (2009, Sept) Plato Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/plato; Plato. (1984) Great dialogues of Plato New York: Mentor Books trans. by Benjamin Jowett Blackburn, S. (1945) The republic of Plato. (45 ed. ). London: Oxford University Press, USA. trans. By Desmond Lee Descartes. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/descartes-works; Alfred North Whitehead. Stanford Encyclopedia ...

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

...However, he was no advocate of oligarchy or monarchy either; in fact he condemned Sparta for empowering women, and felt that government should be run by wealthy men who have been trained by philosophers. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle are among the greatest philosophers of all time; their ideas have been passed through the ages and have been integrated within many modern day societies. As stated, the three men continually added toward the growth of religion, politics and the human soul in a proc...

Imitation Plato and Aristotle

...” Philosophy and Literature. October, 2003: 382. Michael Moor. An introduction to Plato and Aristotle and their significance to the performing arts. 6 October, 2007. < http://web. ukonline. co. uk/michaelmoor/an_introduction_toplato_andari. htm> Plato and Aristotle. 25 October, 2005. . Plato and Aristotle on Art as Imitation (Mimesis). 8 November, 2007. . Plato. Republic. Peking: China Social Sciences Publishing House, 1999. Stephen Conway. Plato, Aristotle, and Mimesis. 8 November, 2007...

Plato's Objection to Poetry

...2) He is the first critic to point that literature represents in a refined version the raw material supplied by life itself. Poetry may be called imitation of recreation. But the basic fact is that it derives its subject from life itself and from the world. It cannot invent anything that is never observed. R.A Scott-James is quite right when he says: “To him we owe the first statement of the mimetic or imitation character of art.” 3) Plato also right in saying that the only aim of the poet i...

Plato, Aristotle and Descartes

...IEP , 21 2005. Web. 3 Nov 2012. Gill, N. S.. "Plato - Greek Philosopher. " Ancient / Classical History. About. com. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Greek Philosopher Plato. " AllAboutPhilosophy. org. AllAboutPhilosophy. org. Web. 3 Nov 2012 . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Plato. " Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Richard Kraut , 16 2011. Web. 3 Nov 2012. . "Plato. " Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. IEP, 9 2009. Web. 3 Nov 2012. Shields, Christopher...

Plato/Socrates & St. Augustine

...Augustine created this same room for a shift in the combining good and evil of the human body and the divine soul. By suggesting that intent was the source of sin, rather than actions themselves, one would be able to absolve himself of sin by believing that he was following a righteous path.  Thus Augustine’s philosophy suggests, as Plato suggests that there is redemption for humanity.  Both philosophers then meet an agreement point by expressing the truth of the evil nature of humanity.  B...

Plato's Theory of Forms

...Similarly all horses are copies of one horse which exists at some higher land of truth. Likewise all beds are only copies of an ideal bed which lies in heaven probably. These examples are given by Plato to prove that world of forms is different from world of reality. It concludes that forms are relative and they are mere imitation of the real. The basic function of theory of forms is unification. It serves to unify ‘groups of objects or concepts’ by connecting them to a pure essence of the r...

Plato's Theory of Forms

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On Plato’s Ideal State

...The reason to this is that, since the decisions which are to be taken are essentially of crucial significance to the development of the state and of the entire populace, all decisions ought to be based on wisdom or intellectual thinking from no less than the individual possessing the most reason. Another reason is the assumption that those who surpassed the probation phase are those who are intellectually and morally superior as opposed to the lower class of citizens who have little to do with t...

Epistemologies; Plato vs. Aristotle

...Aristotle would argue that we gain knowledge after experience (a posteriori) but Plato would certainly disagree and say that we gain knowledge before experience (a priori). Plato believes that there is a world of ideas where ideas exist perfectly, the objects in our world are just mimics whereas Aristotle says that the ideas we perceive are inside the particular object. By saying that matter and form combined is what makes an individual Aristotle brings Plato’s Forms “down from the heavens t...

We Were Soldiers vs. Platoon

...Platoon is semi-autobiographical. Stone, who served as an infantryman in Vietnam, has grafted many of his experiences into the film, and the primary characters are based on individuals Stone served with. The lead, Chris Taylor (Charlie Sheen), represents the filmmaker. One could reasonably argue that the reason Platoon is so good is because it has such a deeply personal meaning for Stone. Consequently, his tendencies to over-direct and show off, which have marred some of his other efforts, are n...

Plato, Descartes, and The Matrix

...In conclusion, through the viewing of The Matrix and the reading of both Plato and Descartes, we can see that all three bring to mind many philosophical questions related to actual and perceived reality. Obviously, it is very fascinating to imagine a world where alternative and controlled realities are possible and even very real. The truth is sometimes stranger than fiction and, in my opinion, The Matrix and the thoughts contemplated by Plato and Descartes are just stories that will never be r...

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