Plato Essay Topics

The Ideal State: According to Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

         “In general philosophy came into existence when the Greeks discovered dissatisfaction with supernatural and mythical explanations of reality,” (Kreis, 2000). Philosophy, as we know it today, obtained the foundation of its teachings from ancient Greeks who wanted a logical explanation to the order of the universe we live in. These men wanted to explain… View Article

On Plato’s Ideal State

The Republic, though an ancient text that has long been heavily criticized, is a complete philosophical work in itself where the crucial details can be closely associated with one another. It is of equal significance that to succeed at grasping the meaning of one crucial part one is necessitated as well to have an understanding… View Article

Phaedrus as a Discourse on Rhetoric

Plato’s dialogue Phaedrus is primarily about rhetoric. It initially shows rhetoric through speeches about love, (230e-234d, 237a-241d)1 but in the second half, Socrates broadens the discussion, detailing the nature and proper practice of love and rhetoric, bringing the two topics together, and showing how each is necessary for the practice and mastery of the art…. View Article

The Republic of Plato

The Republic by Plato gives interesting and erudite insights about justice, society, and government.  Although written centuries back, I believe that Plato’s explanations and prescriptions are until now relevant in its philosophical arguments.  The conception of justice is in fact very basic and in its own way encompassing of time, as it richly prescribes how… View Article

Plato, Greek Art and Censorship

It is imperative that we begin the illustration of Plato’s pursuit for censorship with the definition of his times, the context by which his beliefs on music and poetry were formulated.  Greece during Hellenic times was distinctively marked by a superior regard to the polis or the city-state. With what the civil wars wrought to… View Article

Plato’s Writings

This paper will discuss several of Plato’s writings such as The Apology, Phaedo, Crito, etc.  The paper will be in part an analysis and in part a presentation of the philosophy of Plato through is writings as well as his writings in accordance with Socrates’ philosophy. Mortality Human nature is a nature of reason, not… View Article

Plato, The Republic of Plato

I thought that Plato’s The Republic was very ambitious in its goals and for the most part, it made a lot of excellent observations about the dynamic of human nature. It is nearly amazing that Plato found things in the ancient times that were not only true in the context of his life, but true… View Article

Platos’ Lysis or Friendship

Socrates advised Hippothales that the latter should not be so generous with his praises for the person he admires and loves because it would only make the beloved egoistic and vain.  Socrates believed that Hippothales will end up losing him that way.  Hippothales adored Lysis and Socrates likened his pursuit to a hunter scaring his… View Article

Platos Apology Of Socrates

INTRODUCTION Plato makes it clear, especially in his Apology of Socrates, that he was one of Socrates’ devoted young followers. In that dialogue, Socrates is presented as mentioning Plato by name as one of those youths close enough to him to have been corrupted, if he were in fact guilty of corrupting the youth,[1] and… View Article

The Meaning, Purpose and Function of Higher Education for Plato

Plato believed in an ‘ideal state,’ the Republic, which is ruled and sustained by an ‘ideal’ group of people whose main objective should be to seek their highest good for the benefit of both the state and the society. “Only those who know what the good is are fit to rule”(Oxford Companion to Philosophy, 1995). … View Article

Socrates’ Failure in Refuting Thrasymachus

In producing a counter argument to Thrasymachus’ claim that justice is the advantage of the stronger, Socrates bases his argument enourmously on sentimentality and prejudice. He assumes that the virtues which are supposedly functioning in the realm of ideas can also work propably in the World. For example, in Socrates’ view, a doctor does not… View Article

Worksheet on Plato’s Crito

1. In paragraphs 43-46a, Crito gives Socrates a number of reasons why he should escape. State one of them in your own words. He will be killed un honorably. 2. Socrates brings up the case of an athlete engaged in professional training. What point do you think Socrates is trying to make here? Although he… View Article

Plato ethics

Every person does not do what he believes as to be the best, but however, there is an open door for a person to act on an appetitive attitude that conflicts with rational attitudes what is good. Some conflicting attitudes are dependent to different objects. This external conflict does not necessarily require an internal division… View Article

Huxley, Plato Comparison on Education

In Plato’s Republic, Plato believed the state was responsible for the education of its citizens for the purpose of their individual enlightenment. Huxley, in his work Brave New World takes this part of Plato’s utopian society and perverts it in order to indoctrinate the citizens of his state. I will attempt to argue that Huxley… View Article

Platonic Love

In the Symposium, which is normally dated at the beginning of the middle period, Plato introduces his theory of love. First thing to note is that in Plato’s theory, love is given and its existence is not questioned. The word love leaves the matter ambiguous as to whether we are discussing love in the normal,… View Article

Critical Analysis of Plato’s the Good

Defining the Good according to Plato is not an easy undertaking. The best approach to understanding the Good is to first understand it as a Form, and then define Plato’s theory of Forms. From there is possible to gain insight of the Good as a Form and its theoretical implications, especially concerning ethics. According to… View Article

Plato’s Crito

To justify Socrates’ decision to stay in prison according to the law and obey even the unjust punishment that was given to him by his accusers or to escape from the prison is an issue that has been for debates for long. Socrates was sure to obey the law and accepted the punishment of drinking… View Article

Plato’s the Republic

By the beginning of Book II of Plato’s The Republic, many questions have been brought upon the table involving the definition of justice. Polemarchus argues that justice is doing good to your friends and harm to your enemies. Thrasymachus argues that justice is the advantage of the stronger. Socrates finds flaws in both of these… View Article

Living a Virtues Life

In the book A World of Ideas by Lee A. Jacob, we come across a wise man Aristotle. He explains that there are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. Our virtue is what makes us different. Intellectual virtues is what we are born with and what we learn in the world and it is… View Article

Plato’s 4 Virtues

In the Republic, Plato sets up a framework to help us establish what the four virtues are, and their relationship between them to both the city and the soul. According to Plato, the four virtues are wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice. There are three classes within the city: guardians, auxiliaries, and artisans; and three parts… View Article

Plato&Socrates Excellence in Virtue

“Socrates’ positive influence touches us even today” (May 6) and we can learn a great deal about him from one of his students, Plato. It is in Plato’s report of Socrates’ trial a work entitled, Apology, and a friend’s visit to his jail cell while he is awaiting his death in Crito, that we discover… View Article

Virtue: Ethics and Virtuous Life

Virtue is the key to a meaningful and happy life. According to ancient philosophers, Socrates and Aristotle, developing virtue is vital in order to lead a successful, fulfilling life. Though both men differ in their interpretations of a “good life,” they both agree that the supreme life is one of virtuous meaning. Each of the… View Article

Meno Virtue

Meno, an influential speaker, is traveling through Athens when he encounters Socrates. Meno is a well known individual who has spoken in front of large crowds the meaning of virtue. He is a student who studied under Gorgias, another well know teacher of virtue. Socrates provokes a discussion regarding virtue when he states that, “I… View Article

Truth in Management and Power Relationships

Throughout history, philosophers have come up with their versions of the actual definition for ‘truth’. The Greek philosopher Aristotle had explained truth as “To say of what is that it is not, or of what is not that it is, is false, while to say of what is that it is, and of what is… View Article

Francis Bacon and Plato

The arguments presented by both Francis Bacon and Plato both call for different approaches in pursuing knowledge. In doing this, one must be accurately point out the important facets present in each argument and deduce what style is appropriate for an individual’s use. Looking at Francis Bacon’s arguments, it can be said that he is… View Article

Critical Analysis of The Apology of Socrates by Plato

Socrates was an orator and philosopher whose primary interests were logic, ethics and epistemology. In Plato’s Apology of Socrates, Plato recounts the speech that Socrates gave shortly before his death, during the trial in 399 BC in which he was charged with “corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the… View Article

Political Philosophy

Introduction: Abu Nasr Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Tarkhan al-Farabi was born at Wasij, a village near Farab, a district of Transoxania. He was one of the greatest philosophers that the Muslim world had ever produced. He mainly studied in Baghdad and after gaining considerable proficiency in the Arabic language, he became an ardent pupil of… View Article

Plato Republic the Noble Lie

As with all other topics discussed in “The Republic of Plato,” the section in which he discusses the myths of the metals or the “noble lie” is layered with questioning and potential symbolism, possible contradiction, and a significant measure of allusion. In Chapter X of “The Republic,” Plato presents “The Selection of Rulers: The Guardians’… View Article