Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Comparison

When comparing the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia during 8,000 BCE to 1,000 BCE, there are many similarities and differences. One way in which they are similar was that they both farmed next to fertile rivers. One way in which they are different was that both their trade partners were different.

One way in which they are similar was that they both farmed. The Egypt civilization was located all along the Nile River, while the Mesopotamia civilization was located by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.

The Egypt civilization’s location on the Nile River was a good spot because the Nile River flooded regularly. When the Nile River would flood, the flood would provide slit from further up the river and fertilize the ground for farming. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers did flood, but when they flooded it would be violent because the river current is stronger than the Nile’s.

The Mesopotamia civilization built canals and dikes for flood control. Another similarity between the Egypt and the Mesopotamia civilizations was their Religion.

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Both the Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic. The leaders in two civilizations believed to be related to the gods because of the wealth and power they had within the civilizations. The two civilizations also built temples to praise their god. The Mesopotamia civilization built a temple called Ziggurats to praise their god, while the Egypt civilization built temples called pyramids to praise their god. They made the ziggurats out of dry mud bricks while the pyramids were made out of limestone.

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The Egypt civilization believed that the pyramids they built protected the afterlife.

One way in which they are different was that both their trade partners were different. The Egypt civilization traded with mostly the Mesopotamia civilization and Africa, while Mesopotamia had a wide range of trading partners. Another difference the two civilizations had was their technology. The Mesopotamia civilization developed around 8,000 B.C.E, while the Egypt civilization didn’t develop until around 4,000 B.C.E. The Mesopotamia civilization invented many things, including; the wheel, irrigation, and the first written language, and many more things. The first written language was called Cuneiform, the writing was wedged like figures on a clay tablet.

A similarity between the two civilizations is that they bother had slavery, but the two civilizations used their slaves differently. In the Egypt civilization they used their slaves to build pyramids. The slaves were not the only ones helping building the pyramids, everyone except the leaders built the pyramids. If you lived in the Egypt civilization and if you had a specialized job, you would still have to help build the pyramids, it is basically like taxes. In the Mesopotamia civilization, the king would make slaves work in his fields.

As stated above, there are many similarities between the Egypt and Mesopotamia civilizations. The similarities and differences included; religion, Farming, locations aspects, technology, trading partners, and also slavery.

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Mesopotamia and Egypt Civilization Comparison. (2016, Mar 25). Retrieved from

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