Medicinal Uses Of Cayratia Trifolia

Categories: Medicare

Whole plant of C. trifolia has been reported to contain yellow waxy oil, steroids/terpenoids, flavonoids, tannins upon preliminary phytochemical screening. Leaves contain stilbenes (piceid, reveratrol, viniferin, ampelopsin). Stem, leaves, roots are reported to possess hydrocyanic acid, delphinidin and several flavonoids such as cyanidin is reported in the leaves. The plant also contains kaempferol, myricetin, quercetin, triterpenes and epifriedelanol; seeds and fruits have cyanogenic compounds. Fruits contain calcium oxalate responsible for severe irritation in the mouth.

Whole plant is astringent, used as diuretic, in tumors, neuralgia and splenopathy.

The bark extract shows the antiviral, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, hypoglycemic, anticancer and diuretic activity. Leaves are aphrodisiac, rubifacient, and anti-inflammatory.

All parts of Cayratia trifolia are used as diuretic and astringent by tribes and is useful in treating tumors, neuralgia, splenopathy and leucorrhea. Leaf, root and seeds are used as poultice to be applied on ulcers and boils. Hot decoction of leaves and root is used as diaphoretic and recommended in high fevers. Sap of stems and leaf juice are aphrodisiac.

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Leaves, which have rubifacient, property, are used to stop bleeding due to injuries. Leaf decoction or the juice of fresh leaves is used for the treatment of cure scurvy in the Philippines, to prevent head itch and dandruff in Java, to relieve inflammation and high fever in Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia while the young leaves are eaten as vegetable in Moluccas. Infusion of seeds mixed with the extract of tubers is taken orally to treat diabetes. Paste made from fresh leaves of Gymnema sylvestris and C.

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trifolia is applied locally for the treatment of eczema. The aqueous extract of C. trifolia leaf is reported to possess antimosquito and potent larvicidal properties against Culex quinquefasciatus. Paste of tubers is applied topically for treating snake bites and for early cure of wounds and edema. Extract of tuber along with infusion of seeds is taken orally to treat diabetes whereas powder made from tubers is taken orally with the milk for treating fractured bones. Root bark is found to be useful for muscular pain and as an antidote against snake bites; the stem is used as an aphrodisiac. Root is used in anemic conditions, stomachic diseases, and as an astringent; root paste topically applied as an antidote in snake bites, and also in complains of caruncles. The root, ground with black pepper, is applied to boils. Roots are grounded with black pepper and applied as poultice on boils; root paste is mixed with coconut oil and applied as decoction.

As a veterinary medicine, poultice of leaves is applied on the yoke sores of bullock and also used to cure swelling, injury and other infections. Climbers are wrapped around the neck of uncontrolable bullocks and leaf poultice is used for curing yoke sores.

Updated: Feb 29, 2024
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Medicinal Uses Of Cayratia Trifolia. (2024, Feb 29). Retrieved from

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