A leader is a person who influences group of people towards the achievement of a goal. Leadership is about influencing, motivating, and enabling others to contribute towards the effectiveness and success of the organizations of which they are members. Leaders are form various form of influence particularly persuasion and related to tactics that build commitment to ensure that the follower have the motivation and role clarify to achieve specified goals . Leaders also arrange the work environment such as allocating resources and altering communication patterns, so that employees can achieve organizational objectives more easily.
Biography of successful and unsuccessful leaders. One of successful leader is Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun. He is the Chairman and Chief Executive of Berjaya Corporation Berhad. He was born on 1952. He is from Batu Pahat, Johor. Before him going into business, he worked as clerk and insurance agent in 1980s. He purchased Malaysia’s Macdonald’s franchise and in 1985 he bought Sport Toto when the lottery agency was privatized by the government. He has had close link with Mahathir Mohammad and his family, the ex-prime minister of Malaysia.
He also known as an owner of 7-Eleven Franchise in Malaysia, Crispy Creme Franchise Holder, Burger King Malaysian Franchise and UMobile Operator in Malaysia. On 23 February 2012, he retired from an active corporate role in Berjaya Corporation, the flagship of the Berjaya Group of Companies. Now, he is the current owner of Cardiff City F. C, which recently gained promotion to play in the English Premier League. He come from a poor family and could not even afford a proper tertiary education.
He became success nowadays because he know what it is like not to have a lot of things that the average person these days will take for granted. He therefore considers himself very blessed to be where he is today despite the difficult early days, and ever since he achieved financial success he have felt a sense of responsibility to help those who are less fortunate. He also believe that his wealth and material possessions belong to God and we are merely His stewards, and for this reason he have always felt compelled to use my resources for the benefit of others as well.
Next successful leader is Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow. He is founder of Public Bank, Tan Sri Teh is currently the Chairman of the Public Bank Group, apart from holding leadership in positions in various organizations in Malaysia and Singapore. He was born in Singapore on 14 March 1930. He attended his formal primary and secondary education at the Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore. He has been married to Puan Sri Tay Sock Noy since 1956 and they have four children which are three daughters and a son.
He began his banking career in 1950 as a Bank Clerk in Overseas-Chinese Banking Corporation ltd. nd rose in rank to officer within 5 years. He joined Malayan Banking Berhad as Manager in 1960. Later, in 1964, he was promoted to the position of General Manager at the young age of 34 then he had left the position of General Manager in 1966 to set up Public Bank. One of Malaysia’s wealthiest businessmen, Piow obtained three degrees at the unaccredited Pacific Western University and two phDs at Clayton University (also unaccredited) and University Malaya. His net worth is estimated by Forbes to be US$4. 7 billion, making him the 223rd richest person in the world and the 5th richest in Malaysia.
There are the eight lesson of success from his book which are title ‘Legacy of Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow’ which are as a leaders we have to know your purpose, be passionate about your chosen field be people-oriented persevere against the odd , be proactive in thought and action, practice professionalism, maintain prudence and try to be a be positive towards work and life Next, the unsuccessful leader is Alan Rajendram. He is an experienced and one of the business leader in Malaysia.
He has been Group Managing Director of Stanton Group of Companies since 1988. Mr. Alan Rajendram served as Chief Executive Officer of the Elrond and Kredin Group of Companies from 1983 to 1987. His served Executive positions at Rajendran & Co (Penang) from 1981 to 1982. International Harvester ltd since 1980 and also at Deloities (Melbourne) from 1977 to 1979. He serves as Executive Vice Chairman of Stanton Technologies Sdn. Bhd. He served as an Executive Chairman of Linear Corporation from December 26, 2006 to June 22, 2008. He is an Associate Member of the Malaysian Institute of Accountant and Malaysian institute of Taxation and a Fellow Member of the Australian Society of Certified Practicing Accountant.
He get his Bachelor of Commerce degree from the University of Melbourne, Australia in 1997. He had failed his responsibility as a leader and become unsuccessful when he was fined RM300,000 and jailed a year for each of the four charges against him, with the prison terms to run concurrently. He had been charged with four counts of knowingly permitting the furnishing of false statements in relation to LFE Corp to Bursa Malaysia Securities Bhd in the unaudited consolidated income statements for all four quarters of its financial year ending Dec 31, 2007.
The offences took place on various dates in 2007 and 2008 at the Bursa Malaysia Securities headquarters in Bukit Kewangan here. Alan faced two charges under section 122B of the Securities Industry Act 1983 and two charges under section 369 of the Capital Markets and Services Act 2007. Thirty-five prosecution witnesses were called, with the defence calling four witnesses, including the accused himself. Lastly, another one of the unsuccessful leader is the famous politician Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim. He was born on 10 August 1947 in Cherok Tok Kun, a village on the mainland side of the northern Malaysian state of Penang.
He is currently the Leader of Opposition of Malaysia (Pakatan Rakyat), economic advisor to the state government of Selangor. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1993 to 1998 and Finance Minister from 1991 to 1998 when he was in UMNO, a major party in ruling Barisan Nasional coalition. He is internationally renowned speaker on the subjects of democracy, freedom, governance, Islam and the need for accountability. He undertook his secondary education at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar.
He was educated at the University of Malaya, where he read Malay Studies. He is married to Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and they have four daughters and a son. His eldest daughter, Nurul Izzah Anwar, is also a Member of Parliament nowadays. He became unsuccessful leader when He was arrested on September 20, 1998. He was subsequently charged with corruption for allegedly interfering with police investigations into allegations of sexual misconduct made against him. In April 1999, following a trial widely believed to be unfair, Anwar was sentenced to six years’ imprisonment.
Two months later, he was sentenced to nine years’ imprisonment, which he was ordered to serve after he completed his six-year sentence for the sodomy case. In 2004, the Federal Court reversed the second conviction and he was released. In July 2008, he was arrested over allegations he sodomised one of his male aides, but was acquitted of the charge in January 2012. His trial and conviction were widely discredited by the international community. Amnesty International stated that the trial proceedings “exposed a pattern of political manipulation of key state institutions including the police, public prosecutor’s office and the judiciary”.
Many world leaders, including US Vice President Al Gore, called for his release from prison. His conviction was overturned by the Malaysian Supreme Court and Anwar was finally released from solitary confinement on 2 September 2004. While he was in police custody in 1998, Anwar was beaten by the then Inspector General of Police, Rahim Noor. Rahim was subsequently found guilty of assault and jailed for two months in 2000. He made a public apology to Anwar and paid undisclosed damages. Similarities and differentiation for successful leaders.
For the successful leader, there are three similarities between Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun and is Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow. Firstly, from the aspect of early career, both of them had been worked as a clerk before become the Chairman and Chief executive of their company. Such as Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun has been worked as a clerk during 1980 and Dato’ Sri Dr. Teh Hong Piow also had been work as a bank clerk at overseas Chinese-Banking Corporation ltd it 1950. This shows that both of them had successfully worked hard to achieve their position todays.
Mean that, from the lower level, they have become a listed of wealthiest person in Malaysia. Secondly, the similarity is their achievement in Malaysia Corporate sector. Both of them were listed as the most admired corporate leader in Malaysia because of their high achievement. That’s show that both of them are one of the people that Malaysian respect due to their spirit in achieves their goal. Both of them are very successful because they have striven a lot for success. Lastly from the aspect of their personality, both of them are very openness to experience.
They had achieve their goals by using all the experience that they got before become the CEO of the big listed company. Experienced from their early years was be used effectively and efficiently to strengthen their knowledge in their own field such a business for Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun and banking system for Tan sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow. Next, there are also a few of difference from Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun and Tan sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow. Firstly, one of difference is their position field. Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun is major in business field.
Instead become Chairman of Berjaya Corporation Berhad, Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun also have joined venture in business franchise such as he had become the owner of 7-Eleven Franchise in Malaysia, Crispy Creme Franchise Holder, Burger King Malaysian Franchise and U Mobile Operator in Malaysia. However today he has retired from become a Chairman of Berjaya Corporation Berhad and he currently is owner of Cardiff City F. C, which recently gained promotion to play in the English Premier League. However, Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow major field participation is Banking system.
He had appointed as in 1964 to the position of General Manager at the young age of 34 then he had left the position of General Manager in 1966 to set up Public Bank. His major knowledge is in banking system till he become a founder of public bank instead of Chairman of Public Bank Group. Secondly, the difference is from their ranking in the top ten richest people in Malaysia. The ranking shows that Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow was ranked in top six as his asset are estimated to RM 14. 93 billlion.. Besides Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun was ranked at top eight as his asset are estimated to RM 3. 97 billion.
That statistics show that both of them are difference in term of their wealthiest. That mean, Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow is wealthier than Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun in term of his assets. Lastly, both of them are difference in close link. That show by, Tan Sri Vincent Tan Chee Yioun has a close link Dr. Mahathir Mohammad and his wife. But Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow didn’t have any close link. Similarities and difference between the unsuccessful leaders For both of unsuccessful leaders, there are three similarities between them. One of that are both of them had been charges for corruptions.
Alan Rajendram who are the director of the Linea corporation berhad has been charges on fraud. He has transfer out the money without the approval of the board as much RM 36 million. He doing that for two times in the same company. Besides, Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim also had been charge on corruption during his position as finance Minister 0n 20 September 1998. He was subsequently charged with corruption for allegedly interfering with police investigations into allegations of sexual misconduct made against him. In April 1999, following a trial widely believed to be unfair; he was sentenced to six years’ imprisonment.
Next, the similarities between both of them are having the same knowledge on commerce. That reasons why both of them are appointed in position to accountable in manage their trustee company. Besides, they are responsible to manage the finance of their members. Lastly, the similarities between them are both of them are not honesty and not objectivity. They use the money that had been trusted to them for their own interest. Such a Alan Rajendram, he is not independence with his responsibility as an Director of the Linear Corporation. Besides, Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim also did not accountable for his fiduciary duties.
He has used the money for his interest and to hide from his mistake. Next, there are also a few of difference between them. One of that is their field of accountability. Alan Rajendram is a businessman and responsible towards the company that he was lead. However, for Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim he is the minister who is responsible as a whole in administer the finance of the company. Next, the difference is from their career. Alan Rajendram is a Director of the company that only led a company to ensure that the company will achieve their goals.
However, for Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim, he now become an opposite leader and he is fight for democracy for Malaysian and he became the representative of Opposite supporters. Lastly, the difference is from sex case. Alan Rajendram has never been related and charges for any sex misconducts. However for Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim, he was charges for sex cases which are in 2008, Saiful Bukhari Azlan has been make a police report claiming that he had been sodomised by that minister. However, there DNA test was unreliable and he was uncharged for that case. Theory of perspective in leadership
One of the perspective that are related with the successful of Tan Sri Vincent Tan and is competency perspective. This perspective show that personal characteristics that lead to superior performance in a leadership role such as their knowledge, skills and values. Tan Sri Vincent Tan is success because his knowledge in a business is very well such as in businessman and entrepreneur with a suite of interests in property development and investment, gaming, stockbroking, manufacturing, trading, hospitality, internet-related businesses, utilities, media, telecommunications, insurance and education.
Mean that, he understands very well the external environment of the business. Besides, Tan Sri Vincent Tan success also can be related to leader behavior perspectives. He practice the people oriented perspective which by showing the mutual trust and respect, concern for employees needs t to look out for employee well-being. At Berjaya Corporation group of companies, he believes in striking a balance between profitability and their social responsibility to the communities in which they operate. By the nature of their businesses, Berjaya companies come into contact with the lives of many in the community on a daily basis.
So, to increase the spirit of caring and sharing, he had always encouraged its staff to share their skills and talents in service of others by contributing their time and energy voluntarily towards the Group’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activities. Next, the perspective that are related with the successful Tan Sri Dato’ Sri Dr Teh Hong Piow is leader behavior perspective. He more focuses on people-oriented behavior rather than task-oriented behaviors. In the public bank, the organization has a good environment.
He as a Director and leader, he had taking care of his employee welfare because he thinks that the welfare is an important care for his employee. He believe that the satisfaction of the employee will increase the performance of their group. Such an example, since 2005, he had provide the health services welfare to the Public Bank Group. Besides, he also promoting the well-being of its staff through attractive remuneration and by promoting good staff morale through proper staff training and development and provision of opportunities for career advancement. His successful also can be related to the competency perspective.
This shows by he is very successful in manage the public bank because he has knowledge for the banking system. Before he become a Chairman, in his early life he had work as bank clerk. So, from that he has a deep understanding of the environment in very well and use his experienced very well. Next, there are also a few of theory perspective for the unsuccessful leader. One of the perspectives that are related with Alan Rajendram’s failure is leader behavior perspectives. He is practice the path goal theory. This theory states that the leader is provide the structure to jobs that will carry out by the employee.
These theories more focus on task-oriented behaviors. Alan Rajendran are more focus on task rather than his employees oriented. Besides, he also make a decisions on his own opinion without obtain any opinion from his employees. This has been prove by when the company performance when there were no any correct procedures for projects to be ready and submitted for approval by the board of directors. He is more autocratic and always thinks that his ideas is very perfect. Besides, the theory perspectives that are related with failure of Datuk Sri Anwar Ibrahim is transformational perspectives of leadership.
Transformational leaders are a leading by changing the organization to fit environment. He is the politician with an opposite opinion in government. He fails to lead the government. This has been show by his loss in 13th General Election. Besides that, as an element in transformational leadership, he had been fails to be a model of vision. That’s is happened due to his hidden tape allegations, corruptions for hidden the sex tape charges, allegation for sodomy and so many other charges against him. He fail to become a role model to the people. That mean, from his charges, he fails to obtain the trust from the people who are the Malaysian.
University/College: University of California
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 2 October 2016
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