Kindergarten Curriculum Essay
I. INTRODUCTION “The first years of life are important because what happens in early childhood can matter in a lifetime. ” (Harvard, 2009) The Department of Education (DepEd) having been a strong advocate of early childhood education has implemented various programs for preschoolers for decades now. The Department further strengthens this through the inclusion of kindergarten in the K to 12 basic education curriculum in the country. DepEd believes Kindergarten is a transition stage between informal literacy and formal literacy (grade 1-12).
This is the period of greatest growth and development, when the brain develops most rapidly, almost at its fullest. It is a period when walking, talking, self- esteem, vision of the world and moral foundations are established. Children at this stage should be immersed with activities, games, and plays to naturally acquire the skills/competencies appropriate for their holistic development as emergent literates and be ready for formal school.
According to National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) kindergarten is a critical year where children’s experiences nurture positive approaches to learning and prepare children for the more rigorous academic expectations of the primary grades (NAEYC, 2009). Therefore, kindergarten teachers should guide the learners using an engaging and creative curriculum that is developmentally appropriate. Republic ACT 10157 also known as the Kindergarten Education Act which was signed into law by President Benigno Aquino III on Jan.
20 makes kindergarten “the first stage of compulsory and mandatory formal education. ” For public schools, the kindergarten education program will be free of tuition and other school fees. With the Kindergarten Education Act, the kindergarten education program will be comprised of one year of preschool education for children aged five and above. The act also pushes for the conceptualization and development of a regular training program for kindergarten teachers to ensure that teaching styles, methodologies and approaches are always in line with modern trends in and issues on education.
K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 1 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN II. FRAMEWORK The Kindergarten Curriculum Framework draws from the principles and goals of the K to 12 Philippine Basic Education Curriculum Framework. It is likewise aligned with National Early Learning Framework (NELF). It clearly depicts the developmental tasks and milestones of 5 to 6 year-olds and how educators can guide them to develop holistically. Figure 1. The Kindergarten Curriculum Framework K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 2
K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN The framework is composed of two parts. The rectangular figures show the teaching-learning theoretical bases, beginning with the comprehensive Developmentally Appropriate Practices (DAP), then moving up to the principles and leading to the approaches. The circle consists of three main components, (1) Developmental Domains, (2) Learning Areas, and the (3) Curricular Themes. At the center is the Filipino child who is envisioned to be functionally literate and holistically developed. A.
PRINCIPLES A developmentally appropriate curriculum is one that is age-appropriate, individually appropriate and socio-culturally appropriate ( NAEYC, 2009) This Kindergarten framework considers the developmental benchmarks of Filipino five-year-olds, recommends the use of strategies that address needs and interests of the learners, and uses the mother tongue as medium of instruction. Kindergarteners are constantly developing in the different domains (cognitive, language, physical, creative and aesthetic, socio-emotional, and values and character).
The National Early Learning Framework (NELF), formulated by the Early Childhood Care and Development Council, views the Filipino Child as the most important asset of the nation. NELF furthers its view of the Filipino Child as… …as a human being who loves God, parents, and country; is proud to be a Filipino; honors the customs , traditions and good values of the people, knows his/her basic rights; respects other cultures and is able to live in peace and harmony with all. Thus beginning at an early age the child must be cared for and given all the opportunities to address current developmental needs and prepare him/her for lifelong learning.
Kindergarten classrooms, therefore, should multi-level because kindergarteners will differ in their development in each domain. The following are situations that a kindergarten teacher should put to mind. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. every classroom is a multi-level classroom every teacher is a multi-level facilitator every learner is unique every learner has particular intelligence or intelligences every learner has his/her own learning styles every learner has his/her own particular needs a. cognitive b. physical c. socio-emotional 3 K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012.
K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN 7. every learner has his/her own particular wants and interests 8. every learning has a right to develop uniquely from the others This framework upholds the sixteen (16) general principles of the NELF as guides on (1) child growth and development (2) learning program development and (3) learning assessment development: 1. ON CHILD GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT The following are the general guiding principles on child growth and development: 1. Every child is unique. Growth and development varies from child to child of which the first six years of life are most vital.
He/she has an innate desire to learn and is best done through meaningful and real experiences. 2. Every aspect of growth and development is interrelated and interdependent. The child needs to be nurtured in a good and caring environment that enhances healthy and dependable relationships with other children and most significant adults. 3. The learning and development of every child involves a series of complex and dynamic processes that are best attended to in a more positive and responsive manner. 4. The child must be encouraged to aspire beyond one’s own level of achievements and to practice newly acquired competencies.
5. Every child is a thinking, moving, feeling and interactive human being able to actively participate in the learning and development of self in the context of one’s family and community including cultural and religious beliefs. 2. ON LEARNING PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT The following are the general guiding principles on learning program development: 6. The learning program is child centered. It promotes the holistic way by which young children grow and develop; and recognizes the role of families and communities to support the child through various stages of growth and development.
K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 4 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN 7. The learning program is appropriate for developing the domains of development identified in the NELF; and must sustain interest in active learning of all young children including those with special abilities, are marginalized and/or at risk. 8. The learning program is implemented by way of diverse learning activities that may be enhanced with technologies such as interactive radio and audio/video clips for learning areas. 9. The use of learning materials and other resources that are locally developed and/or locally available is encouraged.
10. The mother tongue shall be used as the child’s language of learning in the early years and shall be recognized as a bridge language of learning. 3. ON LEARNING ASSESSMENT The following are the general guiding principles on learning assessment development: 11. Assessment is done to monitor learning, know where the child and inform parents of the child’s progress. 12. Assessment is essential to identifying the child’s total developmental needs and does not determine academic achievement. 13. Assessment is best conducted on a regular basis so that a timely response may be made to improve learning areas.
14. The results of the assessment of learning of a child shall be kept strictly confidential 15. Ratings should be qualitative/descriptive and not only numerical. 16. The family and community may be informed of the general outcomes of learning in the early years so as to encourage further cooperation and partnerships The framework espouses teaching-learning approaches that are constructivist, integrative, thematic, collaborative, i n q u i r y – b a s e d and reflective, in order to be aligned with Developmentally Appropriate Practices, NELF and K to 12 Framework.
K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 5 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN B. Component 1: The Developmental Domains and Benchmarks/Expectations Component 1 : shows the developmental domains represented by the six interlocked ellipses. They are arranged to form a flower in order to emphasize Erikson’s epigenetic principle. This principle states that development happens through a gradual unfolding. The child is seen as being in the process of blossoming, a little like a rose bud, that should not be hurried, lest it loses its chance to fully develop.
These domains are the developmental tasks or milestones that kindergarteners are expected to attain. These includes: (1) Physical Health, Well-being and Motor Development, (2) Social-Emotional Development, (3) Character and Values Development (4) Cognitive/ Intellectual Development (5) Language Development, and (6) Creative and Aesthetic Development. The following are the six domains. 1. Physical Health, Well-being and Motor Development refers to a child’s physical growth, health and safety, and the development of skills related to the use of large and small muscle groups.
Domain 1: PHYSICAL HEALTH, WELL-BEING AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Sub-domain Physical Health • • • • • Benchmarks/expectation from 5 to 6 year-olds The child demonstrates adequate growth (weight, head circumference) The child has adequate sensory systems to participate in daily activities. The child has adequate stamina to participate in daily activities. The child shows control and coordination of body movements involving large muscle groups. The child can control and coordinate hand and finger movements.
o Copies a simple pattern of different basic shapes o Draws a human figure (head, eyes, mouth, trunk, arms, legs, etc. ) without prompts o Draws a house without prompts using geometric forms o Colors with strokes staying within the lines The child participates in basic personal care routines o Feeds self-using fingers without spillage o Prepares own food o Dresses without assistance, including buttoning and tying o Wipes/Cleans him/herself after a bowel movement 6 Gross Motor Skills Development Fine Motor Skills Development • Personal Care and Hygiene
K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN o o Brushes teeth after meals without having to be told Washes and dries face independently without having to be told 2. Social – Emotional Development refers to the child’s ability to know one’s self, express and understand feelings, and relate to others. Domain 2: SOCIAL AND EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT Sub-domain Emotional Expression • • • • • • • • • • Benchmarks/expectation from 5 to 6 year-olds The child expresses different basic emotions.
The child demonstrates ability to self –regulate feelings/emotions and follows schedules as well as rules and regulations. The child comprehends and displays self-appraisal emotions (shame, pride, guilt). The child is receptive to the different emotions of other people and shows empathy. The child expresses knowledge of self and basic roles of people in his/her immediate environment. The child forms healthy attachments to primary caregivers and other significant adults and children in his/her life.
The child plays and has positive interactions with other children. The child has positive relations and interactions with adults. The child takes social cues from the environment and adjusts his behavior accordingly. The child recognizes and respects similarities and differences in people, language, culture. Emotional (Receptivity to Other’s Emotions) Social (Emerging Sense of Self) Social (Forming Attachments) (Interactions with Other Children) Social (Interactions with Adults) Social (Sensitivity) Social (Appreciating Diversity) 3.
Character and Values Development refers to a developing understanding of justice and fairness, right and wrong, love and respect for different arenas of the child’s life. Domain 3: CHARACTER AND VALUES DEVELOPMENT Sub-domain Personal Values (Honesty) • Benchmarks/expectation from 5 to 6 year-olds The child demonstrates honesty in words and in actions. 7 K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN Personal Values (Responsibility) Interpersonal Values (Love of Family) • • The child takes on responsibility and accomplishes these as best he/she can.
o Does his/her share of work in the classroom o Does and finishes assigned tasks without prompting The child loves, respects and feels he/she belongs to a family unit. Interpersonal Values (Pakikipagkapwa) • • • • • Nationalism (Love of Community) Nationalism (Love of Country) The child shows respect for others, children, and adults alike. The child demonstrates concern for others. The child opts for cooperative, non-aggressive means for achieving goals and resolving conflict. O Works well with others The child demonstrates knowledge and love for his/her community or neighborhood.
The child shows respect and love for the Philippines. o Knows he/she is Filipino o Keeps during flag ceremony o Knows name of country The child shows interest in and wonder at nature. The child demonstrates a caring attitude towards nature’s creatures and its resources. The child shows respect and love for the Creator. Spiritual (Appreciation of Nature) Spiritual (Care for Nature and Its Resources) Spiritual (Love for the Creator) • • • 4. Cognitive/Intellectual Development refers to a child’s ability to abstract, understand concepts and their logical relations, and to manipulate them to arrive at new ideas or conclusions.
Domain 4: COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Sub-domain Attention and Activity Level • Benchmarks/expectation from 5 to 6 year-olds The child is able to sustain attention and modulate his activity at age-expected levels. 8 K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN o Sustains attention and concentration on a tabletop activity for 15-20 minutes o Can work on a school assignment with minimal supervision o Can work on a school assignment independently The child develops basic concepts pertaining to object constancy, space, time, quantity, seriation, etc.
and uses these as the basis for understanding how materials are categorized in his/ her environment. o Can tell which is the left and right people facing him/her o Knows the difference between yesterday, today, and tomorrow o Understands the concept of number-quantity relations for 1-10 o Demonstrates concept of addition using finger or objects o Demonstrates concept of subtraction using fingers or objects The child is able to understand the cause –effect relationships. The child is able to recall people he has met, events, and places he has been to. The child is able to store verbal information in short and long –term memory.
o Can recite the days of the week with some errors o Remembers lessons learned in school even after several days have passed o Can recite the days of the week with no errors o Can recite the months of the year with some errors The child is able to follow the logic of events (i. e. , reasons why these happen) and draw accurate conclusion by evaluating the facts presented to him. o Knows that certain elements remain the same even if their positions changes o Able to predict what will happen next in a story o Can predict how a story will end half-way through The child is able to plan and organize a simple, familiar activity.
o Can plan how he/she will carry out an activity without adult guidance The child is able to generate new ideas or concepts, or new associations between existing ideas or concepts. o Can draw things or scenes from experience but with no actual model or reference o Can draw or paint things that do not exist in real life The child is able to shift to more adaptive cognitive processing strategies in order to effectively deal with new and unexpected conditions in his/her environment, including problem situations.
Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Concept Formation) • Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Cause-Effect Relationships) Memory (Memory for Experiences: Episodic Memory) Memory (Memory for Concept-Based Knowledge: Semantic Memory • • • Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Logical Reasoning) • Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Planning and Organizing) Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Creative Thoughts) • • Higher-Ordered Mental Abilities (Cognitive Flexibility) • K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 9
K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN 5. Language Development refers to a child’s ability to understand and use language to communicate ideas, learn to acquire language skills in preparation for reading, writing and counting. Domain 5: LANGUAGE, PRE-READING AND PRE-MATH Sub-domain Receptive Skills Development Expressive Skills Development Pre-Reading and Pre-Math (Matching) Pre-Reading and Pre-Math (Rote Sequencing) • • • • Benchmarks/expectation from 5 to 6 year-olds The child is able to understand both verbal and non-verbal forms of communication.
The child is able to use words and gestures to express his thoughts and feelings. o Draw and tells a story about his drawing The child is able to match identical objects, colors, shapes, symbols. Pre-Reading and Pre-Math (Copying Letters and Numbers) The child is able to recite the alphabet and numbers in sequence. o Sings the alphabet song perfectly o Names more than 5 letters o Associates 2 letters with their sounds o Counts from 1 to 10 perfectly o Associates more than 5 letters with their sounds • The child is able to copy letters and numbers.
o Prints complete name without model o Prints upper case letters with a model with no reversals o Prints lower case letters with a model with some reversals o Prints numbers 1-5 with a model with some reversals o Prints upper case letters without a model and with no reversals o Prints lower case letters without a model and with no reversals o Prints numbers 1-5 without a model and with no reversals 6. Creative and Aesthetic Development refers to the child’s awareness of and development of their innate talent and creative skills. The domain includes music, visual arts, drama, dance and creative movements.
This domain is a recent addition because it is recognized as equally important as the other five domains in the development of the young learner. Thus, the benchmarks and expectations particular to this domain are yet to be finalized. K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 10 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN C. Component 3: The Curricular Themes Component 3 provides the curricular themes for integrating the five (5) learning areas to develop the six (6) domains for the holistic and functional development of the kindergartner.
These curricular themes adheres to Brofenbenner’s Bio-ecological Theory, that defines “layers of environment, each having an effect on a child’s environment. ” 1. Myself – concepts and ideas that help the learners understand himself/herself better so that he/she will develop as an individual. 2. My Family – concepts, ideas, practices that guides the child to be responsible and proud of himself and his family. 3. My School – concepts, ideas, practices, and situations that help the child understand how to be an individual and socialize with other learners, teachers, school personnel and other members of the school.
4. My Community– concepts, ideas, practices, situations, and responsibilities that the learner should acquire and understand so that he/she will become functional and responsive member of the community. 5. More Things Around Me – all other concepts, ideas, practices, situations, and responsibilities not covered by themes 1 to 4 but which may be relevant to the community, culture, and interest of the leaner. Figure 2 The Curricular Themes K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 11 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN III. OVERALL GOAL AND OUTCOMES A.
Overall Goal: Five-year old Filipino children will be prepared for life. B. Outcomes: By the end of the KINDERGARTEN year, we will have children who are: effective communicators in their mother tongues; healthy and physically active; respectful, honest, God-loving; proud of themselves, their family, culture, heritage and country; creative and appreciative of the arts, and caring of the environment; inquisitive, enthusiastic and engaged learners. K to 12 Curriculum Guide – Kindergarten – version as of January 31, 2012 12 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN TRANSITION FROM KINDERGARTEN TO GRADE 1 Figure 3. Kindergarten-Grade 1 Transition Paradigm
Transition Paradigm Kindergarten Education generally addresses the different developmental domains of the 5-year olds. But, as mentioned earlier, the domains are amorphous or do not have shape; hence learning areas are identified. The learning areas transition the domain-based curriculum of kindergarten to the content-based curriculum of grade 1 to 12. This design allows for a smooth transition from Kindergarten to grade 1 thereby making it seamless. IV. CONTENT AND PERFORMANCE STANDARDS Domains : CHARACTER AND VALUES DEVELOPMENT Strand Content Standards Social –Emotional Development Ang bata ay … ? Kagandahang Asal ? ? ?
Nagkakaroon ng kaalaman sa pagpapahalaga sa sarili Nagkakaroon ng kaalaman ukol pakikipagkapwa Nagkakaroon ng kamalayan sa konsepto ng disiplina Nagkakaroon ng pagpapahalaga sa Panginoon Nagkakaroon ng kamalayan sa pananagutang panlipunan (tungkuling pantahanan at pampaaralan Nagkakaroon ng kaalaman sa sariling damdamin Performance Standards Ang bata ay inaasahang…
• • • • • • • • • • • nakapagpapakita ng paggalang sa sarili sa lahat ng pagkakataon nakapagpapakita ng katapatan sa kanyang ginagawa nakapagpapakita ng pagmamahal at paggalang sa mga kasapi ng maganak nakapagpapakita ng pagmamahal at paggalang sa kapwa nakatatanggap at naisasagawa ang mga itinakdang tungkulin nakapagpapakita ng pagmamalasakit sa kalinisan at kaayusan ng kapaligiran nakapagpapakita ng pagmamahal sa Panginoon nakikisali nang may sigla sa mga pangkatang Gawain nakakatulong sa mga gawaing tahanan at paaralan sa kanyang gawin ? ? ?
Pagpapaunlad sa kakayahang sosyo-emosyunal ? ? Nakikilala at natatanggap ang nakapagpapahayag ng iba’t ibang damdamin sa tamang paraan nakapagpapahayag ng kakayahang mapigil ang mga damdamin at emosyon at nakasusunod sa mga pang-araw-araw na gawain/tuntunin • nakauunawa at nakapagpapakita ng sariling emosyon • nakapagpapakita ng pagtanggap at pag-unawa ng emosyon ng ibang tao K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN emosyon ng ibang tao • • ? Nagkakaroon ng mabuting pakikipag-ugnayan sa kapwa at nakatatanda • • • ?
Nagkakaroon ng kamalayan ukol sa pagkakaiba ng tao •at nakapagpapahiwatig ng pagdamay sa damdamin ng iba (empathy) naipahihiwatig ang akma at katanggap-tangap na reaksiyon sa damdamin ng iba naisasaalang-alang and damdamin ng iba at nakikisali sa kasiyahan /
Nakikiramay sa kalungkutan ng iba nakapagsisimula ng laro naipadadama at naipakikita ang pagmamahal sa mga nakatatanda at mga bata nakikisalamuha sa mga kilalang nakatatanda sa pamamagitan pakikipag-usap at pakikipaglaro nakikilala at natatanggap ang pagkakaiba ng tao o wika o kasuotan o kagamitan o kakayahan o kulay nakikilala ang mga kasapi ng pamilya nailalarawan ang iba’t-ibang bahagi ng bahay natutukoy ang mga tao sa paaralan natutukoy ang mga lugar sa paaralan natutukoy ang mga katulong sa pamayanan(community helpers)
Natutukoy ang mga lugar sa pamayanan naipapakita ang paggalang sa pambansang watawat at pambansang awit Pamilya Paaralan Pamayanan Bansa ?
Pagkilala sa sarili bilang kabahagi ng pamilya ? Pagkilala sa sarili bilang kabahagi ng paaralan ? Pagkilala sa sarili bilang kabahagi ng pamayanan ? Pagkilala sa sarili bilang kabahagi ng bansa • • • • • • • Domains: HEALTH, WELL-BEING AND MOTOR DEVELOPMENT Strand Content Standards Physical Education and Health The learner… Health ? acquires and practice sound health habits ? acquires attitudes, knowledge, and skills about physical activity for maintaining physically fit lifestyles Safety ?
identifies and practices appropriate K to 12 Curriculum Guide Science – version as of January 31, 2012 Performance Standards The learner… • demonstrates health habits that keep their bodies clean and sanitary. • shows sufficient energy to participate in daily activities (Physical Fitness) • demonstrate safety practices at home, in school, at the playground and 15 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN safety procedures ? demonstrates fundamental gross motor skills properly • • • ?
Demonstrates competence in various fine motor skills ? demonstrates sensory perceptual skills • • • • the neighborhood. demonstrates locomotor skills such as walking, running, skipping, jumping climbing correctly demonstrates non-locomotor skills such as pushing, pulling, turning, swaying, bending correctly.
demonstrates receptive and projective (manipulative) skills such throwing, catching, kicking correctly demonstrates fine motor skills such as cutting, writing, drawing, using spoon and fork correctly demonstrates awareness of the position and movement of one’s body. (Body awareness) demonstrates visual discrimination skills like, identifying same and different, missing parts, which does not belong (Visual Discrimination) creates representations like shapes, letters, pictures (Form perception representations)
Physical Education Sensory-perceptual Domains: CREATIVE AND AESTHETIC DEVELOPMENT Strand Discovery Content Standards The learner… ? appreciates the beauty of nature Exposure ? appreciates the different art forms (music, dance, drama and visual arts) ? evaluates music, dance, drama and visual arts ?uses a variety of materials, tools, techniques and processes in the arts (music, dance, drama and visual art)
Performance Standards The learner… • • • • • • • • • • • observes things and occurrences in nature shows interest in examining various things found in nature identifies the various art forms demonstrates interest and enjoyment in viewing, and listening to artistic performances and works of art chooses music, dance, drama and visual art that they prefer describes the characteristics of music, dance, drama and visual art that they prefer participates in the creation of music, dance, drama and visual art creates visual arts using different materials creates rhythm responds to different beat, pitch, melody, dynamics, tempo, mood, dynamics using creative movement role plays a story.
Evaluation Production K to 12 Curriculum Guide Science – version as of January 31, 2012 16 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN Domains : LANGUAGES DEVELOPMENT Strand Listening and Viewing Content Standards The learner… ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
discriminates sounds listens for directions listens to stories expresses oneself asks and answers questions shares information tells stories gives directions analyzes meaning sounds (Phonemic Awareness) Performance Standards The learner…
• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • distinguishes different types of sounds follows simple directions comprehends simple and familiar stories increases his/her vocabulary for describing things and expressing ones feelings answers and responds to questions accordingly increases his/her vocabulary in sharing information narrates simple and familiar stories gives simple directions Identifies and distinguishes sounds distinguishes vowel and consonant sounds blends and segments words blends and segments words matches letters to their sounds (and vice versa) recognizes and names all uppercase and lowercase letters of the alphabet.
Decodes basic sight words identifies common words understands that printed materials provide information reads using correct directionality reads using proper intonation analyzes and comprehends simple narrative analyzes and comprehends simple information/factual texts writes words and phrases using a mix of invented and conventional spelling writes words and phrases using manuscript form composes own stories with a clear beginning, middle and end composes own stories using pictures composes informational/factual texts using own words composes information/factual texts using illustrations Speaking Reading ? decodes words ?
Demonstrates book knowledge and print awareness ? comprehends simple texts Writing ? writes using the correct mechanics ? writes narrative and informational/ factual texts K to 12 Curriculum Guide Science – version as of January 31, 2012 17 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN Domains : COGNITIVE / INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT Strand MATHEMATICS Number Sense of Whole Numbers Content Standards The learner… ? begins to understand the relationship between numbers and quantities up to 10. ? begins to understand, to describe simple addition and subtraction, and to use them to solve problems.
The learner… • recognizes sets of objects up to 10 • compares two or more sets of objects up to 10 • recognizes, represents, matches, names, reads, counts, and writes whole numbers up to 10 • compares and orders whole numbers up to 10 • uses the words “put together,” add to,” and “plus” to understand the concept of addition • uses the words “take away” and “minus” to understand the concept of subtraction • uses manipulative to explore the concepts of addition and subtraction with sums or differences between 0 to 10 • uses concrete objects to determine answers to addition and subtraction problems • divides a whole into two or four equal parts.
• explores the environment to observe, identify, describe, and compare 2- to 3- dimensional objects • compares shapes, sizes, and positions of 2- to 3-dimensional objects • uses manipulative to create 2- to 3-dimensional objects • observes sunrise and sunset to tell the time of the day (morning, noontime, evening) • tells the number of days in a week and the months in a year • measures and compares the length, mass, and capacity of familiar objects using non-standard units • participates actively in gathering information about objects or events in their environment.
• makes a graph or chart based on the information gathered • answer questions about the graph or chart Performance Standards Operations of Whole Numbers Number Sense of Fractions Geometry Measurement? understands the concept of dividing wholes into equal parts. ? begins to identify the common 2- to 3dimensional objects in the environment and describes their shapes, sizes, and positions. ? understands the concept of time, length, mass and capacity and the nonstandard units to ?
Measures them. ? starts to make a graph or chart based on the information gathered about objects or events in their environment. Statistics K to 12 Curriculum Guide Science – version as of January 31, 2012 18 K TO 12 – KINDERGARTEN Strand SCIENCE Content Standards The learner… The learner… • • • Performance Standards Scientific Thinking and Practice • understands the processes of scientific investigations uses observation and questioning skills in the science inquiry asks and answers questions about surroundings and share findings with classmates records observations and data with pictures, numbers and/or symbols People, Animals and Plants.
Knows the similarities and differences of living things knows that living things are made up of parts that have specific functions knows the changes in living things over time • Earth (Weather) • knows that weather changes and that it affects people People • identifies the similarities and differences of people • identifies the body parts of living things and its specific functions • identifies the five senses and how they are used • uses the senses to observe surroundings and classifying objects observed.
Subject: Early childhood education,
University/College: University of Chicago
Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter
Date: 6 October 2016
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