Essays on Geology

The Naze cliffs
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Pages • 8
All along the exposed side of the Naze cliffs, and to a smaller extent on the managed areas, erosion is constantly taking place. These are as such: Slumping The Naze cliffs are made up in layers. The base off the cliffs is a thick layer of very soft but impermeable London clay. Sitting on top of this are two permeable layers. The first is the Red Crag. This is made of reddish coloured sand and shells, which are the remains…...
Trampling Survey
Words • 365
Pages • 2
When we were carrying out the trampling survey, we realised that good parts of the survey were that it did give us a general ides of what the surface consisted off in that area. It also gave us an idea of weather the surface had anything present on it that should not be & weather this was an indication of erosion. It also gave us an idea of how well the site was managed. Overall this was the correct method…...
Surface Water And Groundwater Environmental Sciences Essay
Words • 1936
Pages • 8
The hydrological rhythm describes the uninterrupted motion of H2O above, on, and below the surface of the Earth. The H2O on the Earth 's surface - surface H2O - occurs as watercourses, lakes, rivers every bit good as bays and wetlands. The H2O below the surface of the Earth chiefly is ground H2O, but it besides includes dirt H2O ( Sphocleous, 2000 ) . Interactions between groundwater and surface H2O play a critical function in the operation of riparian ecosystems.…...
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Is porlock bay affected by longshore drift?
Words • 2402
Pages • 10
Aims To investigate coastal processes along Porlock Bay, Exmoor National Park. To make a comparison of coastal management schemes inside & outside Exmoor National Park. Introduction As part of our geography coursework project we had to travel to somerset, Nettlecombe on the 9th July 2009. Our study is on coastal processes and management at Porlock Bay. During our stay in Somerset we visited many places, which include Porlock Bay, Hurlstone point and Porlock Weir where. During the weekend we also…...
Faults, Folds and Maps of Geology
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Pages • 3
There are different phenomena happening in the earth’s crust and some of those are the occurrence of folds and faults. Both phenomena are caused by forces like tension and compression. Folds are bends in the rock surfaces while Faults are fractures in the earth’s crust which allows blocks of rocks to move relative to one another. When this movement becomes rapid, it results to earthquakes ("What is a fault? ," 2008). Since there are two blocks of rocks involved in…...
A Description of Nature
Words • 367
Pages • 2
The word nature is derived from the latin word nature or “essential qualities, innate disposition”, and in ancient times, literally meant “birth”. Nature was a Latin translation of the Greek of the Greek word physics ,which origionally Related to the intrinsic characteristics that plants , animals, and other features of the world develop of their own accord. The concept of nature as a whole,the physical universe, is one of several expansions of the original notion; it began with certain core…...
Mineral resources
Words • 1404
Pages • 6
1.INTRODUCTION Based on great economic significance of mineral resources for a nation, and the view that shallow resources have been gradually exhausted, their exploitation is currently constantly developing to deep, where mineral resources were not exploited at the beginning of mining industry due to the limitation of early mining techniques and suitable equipment. As positively related, the depth of mining increases with the increase of ground stress (Kouame et al., 2017; Liu and Wang, 2018), as show on Fig 1.…...
Geological Methods and Archaeological Methods
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Pages • 4
This is regarded as faunal remains. Radiocarbon dating is one technique that could be utilised to determine whether feature 202, is a pit that can be dated back to either the Bronze Age or the Late Iron Age. Aurochs is a species that was virtually extinct in Britain by the Late Bronze Age. Finds of aurochs on British Iron Age and Roman sites are extremely rare. Dating this artefact will help investigate the given scenarios and answer the research question…...
PHSC-210 Age of The Earth
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Pages • 4
Age of The Earth: Old-Earth vs Young-EarthAshleigh ClarkDr. Timothy R. BrophyPHSC 210-D13December 3, 2018IntroductionThe age of the earth has been a topic of discussion between both the Old Earth and Young Earth scientific communities for many years. While the Old Earth view puts the age of the Earth at around 4.6 billion years the Young Earth view is far less, with scientists estimating it at only 6,000 years give or take a few thousand years. So which point of view…...
Disadvantages of Dams
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Pages • 3
Dams are extremely expensive to build and must be built to a very high standard. 2. The high cost of dam construction means that they must operate for many decades to become profitable. 3. The flooding of large areas of land means that the natural environment is destroyed. 4. People living in villages and towns that are in the valley to be flooded, must move out. This means that they lose their farms and businesses. In some countries, people are…...
Geology Report on Research
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Pages • 2
In article 64, "Beach Placers Containing Radioactive Minerals, Bay of Bengal, East Pakistan" the geologists have thoroughly researched the rocks and minerals of beach placers that extend 100 miles southeastward along the Bay of Bengal near East Pakistan. During the 1961 study the geologists discovered that the placers contain heavy radioactive minerals including monazite, ilmenite, and zircon. In the sands along the beaches, the geologists, found 10 to 30 percent of heavy minerals that exceed 2. 8 specific gravity. Of…...
Universe, Earth and the Study of Uniformitarianism
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Pages • 5
The origin of life on Earth is a fundamental scientific question, but we do not know as much as many biology textbooks would like you to believe. (Pigliucci) Uniformitarianism is vital to the world of science. It is a geological doctrine. It states that the same natural laws and processes that operate in the universe now, have always operated in the universe in the past and apply everywhere in the universe. It assumes that geological processes have essentially not changed…...
Archeozoic Era
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Pages • 13
The Archeozoic Era stretches from about 3.8 billion to 2.5 billion years ago. Traditionally, the beginning of the Archean is defined to coincide with the oldest rocks discovered. As recent discoveries have pushed back the earliest dated rocks to about 4.0 billion years old, the beginning of the Archean has also been pushed back correspondingly. However, most texts still continue to date the beginning to 3.8 billion years ago. As the Late Heavy Bombardment (LHB) ended with the Hadean, the…...
The Evolution of Charles Darwin
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Pages • 2
In chapter two we elaborated on the evolution constructing a fundamental scientific theory. Charles Darwin was one of the most important geologists/biologists in my opinion. Charles Darwin was heavy on five scientific disciplines of his time and they were geology, paleontology, taxonomy and systematics, demography, and biology. Geology which consists of study of the earth's structure, history and how it got to be the way it is now. Some interesting facts that we know are things like the world is…...
Geotechnical Engineering
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Pages • 5
Starting primarily on the formal definition, geotechnical engineering is a branch of civil engineering that deals with the elements of the behavior, characteristics, and nature of earth materials involved in each structure construction and formation. Among the functions and services involved in this aspect are the critical investigation and observation of subsurface condition and materials, design of earthworks and structure foundation, analysis of their physical, mechanical and chemical properties of the earth materials in the site, and the review of…...
Formation of Grand Canyon
Words • 1901
Pages • 8
Most physical features that surround the environment took time to be the state it is know. This means that there are certain eroding factors and contributing factors that resulted to their development. Mountains are formed due to factors such as volcanic activity and continental drift while others are formed due to erosion factors. An example is the Grand Canyon. Geological Foundation Geological foundation of Grand Canyon started with a primitive sea floor that is positioned near a large continent. It…...
A Short History of Nearly Everything
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Pages • 22
A Short History of Nearly Everything is a popular science book by American author Bill Bryson that explains some areas of science, using a style of language which aims to be more accessible to the general public than many other books dedicated to the subject. It was one of the bestselling popular science books of 2005 in the UK, selling over 300,000 copies.[1] instead describing general sciences such as chemistry, paleontology, astronomy, and particle physics. In it, he explores time…...
Schematic view of the ocean bottom
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Pages • 3
1. In the Figure 1 schematic view of the ocean bottom, the vertical scale is given in kilometers (km). This vertical scale is vastly different from the horizontal scale. The vertical distance between scale markings is [(1)(10)(100)] km. 2. The ocean trench in the schematic view has a maximum depth of [(8)(80)(800)] km below sea level. 3. The distance between scale markings on the horizontal scale is 100 km. Comparison of the vertical and horizontal scales indicates that the vertical…...
Field Trip Report
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Excursion at the Montauban mine (September 21st, 2014) Montauban is a Zn-rich VMS deposit that has been exploited from 1910 to the 1960s including several gold-rich zones. The deposit is hosted in highly deformed volcanic rocks metamorphosed to the upper amphibolite grade. Part of the deposit is observable on outcrops and a section from the altered footwall to unaltered basalts in the hanging wall has been visited by a group of six student from the Université Laval and the INRS-ETE.…...
Geology Study Guide
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Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) What are the basic differences between the disciplines of physical and historical geology?|1)| A)physical geology is the study of fossils and sequences of rock strata; historical geology is the study of how rocks and minerals were used in the past B)physical geology involves the study of rock strata, fossils, and deposition in relation to plate movements in the geologic past; historical geology charts how and where…...
The Role of Geology in Influencing Water Chemistry
Words • 3509
Pages • 15
Water is and remains one of the important wants of the people, animals and the nature at large. Without water, they would be no life. Water is an unusual compound which has unique physical properties, and this makes it the compound of life, yet it’s the most abundant compound in the earth’s biosphere. The chemistry of water deals with the fundamental chemical property and information about water. Water chemistry can elaborate in terms of the following subtitles: composition of water, Structure, and…...
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