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In this article they talked about how you can use positive reinforcement to potty train a child. The article starts off by first talking about the average age when children become potty trained, this is around 24 months. The article then starts to talk about how you need to have a plan when you finally decide to potty train your child.
The plan of potty training a child starts off very slow. You cannot push your child or force them to learn these skills fast because that will decrease the effectiveness of your plan.
You then begin to start off with positive reinforcement by praise. Whenever he moves on to a new step or tries to use his potty, tell him he’s doing well and that you’re proud of him. It is very important not to use too much praise because this could make the child afraid and nervous to fail. Compliment him now and then on his dry underpants or diaper.
This is a perfect example of positive reinforcement because it will increase the behavior.
This article is relevant to what we learned in class because it gave a real life situation on how positive reinforcement is used in child development. Another reason it related to what we learned in class is because we were taught to use praise as a form of positive reinforcement and this article also used the strategy of praise to reinforce this behavior.
In this article, they focused heavily on the dangers that spanking could have on a child’s development.
The article focused mainly on three questions… What does spanking do to the parent? Does spanking control the child’s behavior in the short term? What are the long-term effects of spanking?
The article answered the first question “What does spanking do to the parent?” in this way. They said that when a parent spanks a child, they do it because they are angry. An angry person is determined to assert control in a situation, and doing something physical feels like it will bring some relief. However, they bring up the point that parents do not like to spank and they report that after they have done this, they do not feel rewarded at all. Spanking usually happens in a stressful situation.
The next question this article touched on was does spanking control a child’s behavior in the short- term? The answer to this question was yes. It does and this article explained that when you spank a child, their limbic system goes into alarm mode. The child’s brain perceives this as danger and the knowledge that pain is coming soon changes their behavior. Overall, this makes a child fear the parent, even though it changes the behavior, it puts a strain on the relationship.
This article made me realize that spanking is not always the correct form of punishment when it comes to a child. It can make a child develop a fear of the parent. It also does not benefit the parent in most cases; studies have shown that parents do not feel rewarded after they have spanked their children. Overall I have concluded from this article I will not spank my children, just how I felt after we talked about this topic in class.
In this article they talked about the 4 different types of parenting styles, which are, Authoritarian, Authoritative, Permissive and Uninvolved/ neglectful. Authoritarian parents are very strict and controlling. They are very stern and have a strong need for obedience. Authoritative parents are a lot warmer and less controlling than Authoritarian parents, they seek balance in punishment and parenting and they are very effective in communicating. Permissive parents are extremely warm in parenting and allow their children to get away with a lot of things. They are very lenient and try to have their children look at them more of a friend rather then a parent. This type of parenting revolves around the parent being a little confused which could have a negative effect though. Finally, the last type of parenting style is the uninvolved/ neglectful parenting. This type of parenting style describes parents that are not involved in their children’s life and are very low demanding and responding to their children.
The reason why I chose this article and how it relates to what we learned in the child guidance class, is because all these parenting styles have a very big impact on the children I had to write about. In the PDA, cluster A and cluster B both had students that were being raised with all these different types of parenting styles. These parenting styles had a very big impact on how big of a power demand some of my students were. Usually, the bad cluster had parents who used the neglectful and some had parents who used the permissive parenting style. Where a lot of my students who were in the good cluster had parents that were using the Authoritative parenting style.
In this article the main focus was to never punish a child for a behavior that is out of their control. They make the point that it is not your child’s fault for some of the actions they do but it is the ADHD’s fault. It is very important to accept your child for who they are because a child and especially a child with ADHD needs to feel supported in order to give them confidence in their abilities. It is very important to understand that if your child is diagnosed with ADHD, they can still be very successful in life. Finally, the last part of this article discussed how important it is to get your child on the right medication for this disability. Medication will help a lot and allow your child to get one step closer to being at the same level as children without ADHD. But It’s a parent’s responsibility to send the clear message that, while medication will improve the skills she already possesses, it won’t magically fix all of her troubles.
The reason why I chose this article and the way it relates to what we learned in class, is because having a child with ADHD is a challenge and we talked about this. Not only as a parent, but also as a teacher, social worker, etc. In a career in family and child sciences, I am going to have to deal with children with ADHD and this article informed me of what parents who have ADHD children go through. I also thought this related to class because in the PDA, we had ADHD children in cluster B. Having ADHD children in cluster B made me create the goal to minimize distraction in this cluster especially for the ADHD children. I thought this article was very informative.
In this article they talked about ways that can reduce noise within a classroom. Noise can be a very big distraction for students in a classroom so it is at the teacher’s best interest to try to avoid having distracting noise as much as possible. The first way you can reduce noise distraction is by getting sound absorbing paint. There is also furniture and elements in the ceiling can help to lower the volume in the classroom as well. You can also get plants in your classroom. This is a very cost effective way you will be able to reduce sound because plants can be noise absorbent. Sometimes you just have too many children in a classroom to reduce the noise, but educating the children on how loud they are and making them aware of the intensity of their voice can lower sound in a classroom. Having an incentive to lower their voice is a good tool as well. Finally, the last way to lower sound is to physically show your children how loud they are being. SoundEar has sound monitoring equipment, which in a very visible way shows when the noise level is too high. This helps both teachers and kids to self-regulate the noise level in class.
The reason I chose to talk about this article is because it relates to what I just wrote about on the Power Application exam. Noise is a very big distraction and if you can reduce that, you can accomplish the goal of minimizing distraction. Noise absorption and noise buffering tools are very important when setting up a classroom and can cause a huge power demand if the noise if too loud.
In this article the author talked about what is considered a good punishment and which is considered a bad punishment. It is important to find a balance too lax punishments and too severe punishments. One way to give a punishment is by natural punishments. For example, if a child loses their phone, they don’t get a new one and they are without a cell phone. If a child forgets to do their homework, they are stuck with getting a zero. Another type of punishment is logical consequences. For example, if a child refuses to go to bed when you tell them their bedtime, the next night you make their bedtime even earlier. Another form of punishment, which is very mild, is to change your town of voice. Instead of talking in a very light, calming manor, you speak to your children in a deep, disappointing manor. This is effective if you have developed a certain relationship with your child.
This article relates to what we talked about in class but it does give very different forms of punishment than what we discussed in class. I found it very interesting how this article did not mention any for of physical punishment what so ever. This article versus the material we learned in class shows that there is an enormous amount of ways you can punish a child. Some ways can be physical hurting, some can be mentally hurting and some can just be a mixture between both and an absent of all. Overall, what I read about in this article and what I learned in class, I have come to the conclusion that punishment is the correct way to get a child to decrease their behavior.
This article talked about how to decrease aggressive behavior in your toddler. Support and Guidance are the two components to having your child manage their strong emotions. The first step to managing your child’s aggressive behavior is to learn and observe. Learn where the behavior is happening, the setting it is taking place in and exactly whom the aggressive behavior is being directed toward. The next step this article says to do, is to respond to the behavior with your best understanding. Prevention is a very important step. For example, if your child is shy and gets aggressive when meeting new people, show them pictures of the people they are going to meet so they have a better understanding of the situation they are about to enter. The last step mentioned in this article is to find a way to respond to their aggressive behavior. It is very important that you stay calm. You have to use words and gestures to communicate your message and the most important, is to never use aggressive behavior in response. The last and final step to controlling your child’s behavior is to offer non- aggressive punishments in order to decrease the behavior.
This article relates to what we learned in class in many ways. In class we did talk about how to deal with aggressive behaviors in children and how to decrease the behavior through punishment. In the PDA and in the PSA there was a cluster that always had aggressive students in it. This is very important to understand because most likely in my career I am going to come in contact with aggressive children and I am going to have to learn how to approach them.
In this article the author discusses 7 ways to handle a teenager that has drug abuse problems. The first step they talk about is to love your child unconditionally; your child is going to test you so the best way to handle this is to love them. People think that giving your child a break when they are addicted to drugs is the best way to handle it, but indeed it is actually the worst. Another way the author discusses how to handle teens with this problem is to act as a team with your spouse and never to give up on your goal. Another option and a very important way to deal with this, is to come into contact with a professional for help. Finally, the article talks about keeping your calm and never show your addicted teen that you are panicking or becoming distressed and are considering giving up.
This topic relates to the material that we learned in class in many ways. The first way is this article talks about being reliable with your goals. Even though this is talking about a drug addiction, there are still goals involved in this situation just like what we wrote about it the PDA and PSA. In the PSA cluster B did deal with drug addiction, so this topic is very relatable to this class. It is also very important in child guidance that when you make a goal, you follow through with it. Another way that this article relates to what we learned In class is they talk about keeping your calm with your teen, This is basically mentioning that as a parent of a teen with drug addiction problems, you need to have emotional regulation. That was a very big key term when talking about guidance in class, and it is also a very big concept that you must do when talking about child guidance.
This article was on of the most interesting articles I have in this assignment. It wasn’t so much about a specific topic, but it told a story from a teachers standpoint how her students disrespected her. In the beginning of this journal the teacher talked about how she always felt that her student respected her and she was never worried for the day when someone from the school district would be observing her. Finally, this day came where she was going to be observed and her students were absolutely monsters to her. The students showed three things this day. They showed they didn’t respect her, they didn’t care about her class and they didn’t care if she wasn’t their teacher the next day.
After reading this journal I found a lot of flaws in her teaching strategy. Her first flaw was she said that she had not developed a relationship with any of the students. That was one of the biggest flaws I saw, I learned from this child guidance class that it is extremely important to develop a relationship to achieve mutual regulation with students. Another flaw she said was she stated “she never expected this out of her students”. That is something we learned in the PSA that you can never trust your students cooperative power, you can hope but you can never turn your back on them. Overall, I found a lot of flaws in her strategy to control her class. If she had taken this course on child guidance, I am sure that she would never have had such a miserable experience when being observed.
In this article they talk about ways on how to control your child’s emotion. They make a very important statement that you cannot actually keep your child from getting upset. For example, sending your child to their room to calm down won’t make them feel better, in fact it will make them feel worse, thinking they are all alone with these unknown emotions. It is important to teach children words for the emotions they are feeling. It is also important to teach children to be able to communicate the emotions they are feeling and to not allow all of it to build up inside. Spankings, time outs, consequences, and shaming don’t give kids the help they need with their emotions. In fact, the message kids get is that the emotions that drove them to ‘misbehave’ are bad. This was a very interesting concept because there are so many different opinions on whether or not you should use physical punishment towards your children.
I found that this article was very relatable to this child guidance course because emotional regulation is an extremely important part of child development. It also has been a goal on my PDA and my PSA assignments as well. I think that it is very important that you teach a child to regulate their emotions, but I also think it is even more important that when being a parent you maintain emotional regulation as well. This course taught me a lot about child guidance and I will remember the material I learned in this class for a long time.
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