A short introduction to the initial pack consisting of objectives and objectives
Include a definition of extra needs
Discuss why it is essential for care specialists to be knowledgeable about the different extra needs that individuals might have (150 words) P1– Overview reasons why individuals may experience additional needs – Produce a newsletter
What are additional requirements– What is a physical special needs and how does it have an effect on an individual to be classed as an extra requirement? What is a sensory special needs? Give examples
What is a cognitive special needs? Give examples (200 words).
Specify and explain the various types of impairments, symptoms and signs, reason for the extra need and why they have an additional requirement– e.g. Down’s syndrome; cystic fibrosis, autistic spectrum, individuals with mental health issue, asthma, numerous sclerosis, paraplegia (1000 words).
Attention deficit hyperactivity condition (ADHD) & & (ADD) are conditions which result in problem behaviour and bad attention span. Children find it hard to control their behaviour.
They might be impulsive, restless and inattentive. Children can have problems learning and hanging out. The causes of ADHD are unclear. Possible causes are thought to be brain injury, chemical imbalance in the brain, hereditary links, environmental elements and a possible link to diet. A few of these kids provide more tough behaviour than others and might need support when hanging out and in the learning context. This might lead to one-to-one assistance in class.
P2– Describe models of special needs– Booklet to include.
Define the distinctions in between impairment; impairment.
Discuss the various designs of disability – such as medical; social, charity and holistic or person centred model and provide examples of that corroborate your understanding. Secret questions to think about: Is it a positive or unfavorable technique?
Does it concentrate on the capability or special needs of people with extra needs? Exists an objective to the model?
Is the handicapped person identified as a victim?
Give an example of the impact on service provision because of the model of disability
P3- Explain the barriers which may be experienced by people with additional needs Define what a barrier could in reference to health and social care settings Identify the barriers that people with additional needs may face e.g. attitudinal barriers; discrimination, barriers to access and opportunities, cultural, stereotyping and discrimination, impact on self-esteem and the effects of this on a disabled person’s well-being and give examples of each barrier described
P4 – Explain positive working practice with individuals with additional learning needs – written piece What is an additional learning need? Give examples of this with an explanation What support services can a client with additional learning needs access? What are the principles of positive working practice?
E.g. explain empowering care and explain the importance of this when working with clients with additional learning needs What do you understand by person centred planning and why this is an example of positive working practice when working with clients with additional learning needs? What is safeguarding and how significant is this when working with people with additional learning needs? What is positive reinforcement and explain the relevance of this when promoting independence? What is ‘Guidance’ and how can this influence positive working practice / the conduct of carers? Why is it important for care workers to be registered with a regulatory body as positive working practice for people with additional learning needs? ( 2,000 words for p2, p3 and p4 )
Boys D and Michie V (2008) BTEC National Health & Social Care Book 2: Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes (in your college library pages 196-237 has unit 26 Caring for people with additional needs – be aware the legislation may vary)