Strengths and weaknesses of the theory Essay
Strengths and weaknesses of the theory
As discussed, Bandura’s theory has many points of strength, notable of which being that it describes the relationship between behavior and the environment. In addition, the theory gives a clear picture of how behaviors are learned and developed. On the other hand, it is evident that the theory puts too much emphasis on what happens to people rather than what the people do. Along the same line, the theory does not address consistent differences among individuals as they go through different developmental stages. Conclusion.
Behavior is affected by and also affects personal determinants and the environment. According to Bandura’s cognitive theory, there are five basic capabilities that facilitate the learning process in human being, namely symbolizing capability, vicarious capability, forethought capability, self-regulatory and self-reflection capabilities. All these contribute to self-efficacy. Bandura’s cognitive theory highlights that people with high opinion of themselves usually accomplish more and encounter less distressing situations.
The theory also identifies different personalities based on how they perceive different situations and how they behave.
References Bandura A. (2006). Psychological modeling: Conflicting theories. Chicago: Aldine Transaction. Bandura, A. (1997).Self-Efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman Company Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thoughts and action: A social cognitive theory. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Professional Technical. Bandura, A. (1976) Social learning theory. New York: Prentice Hall Bandura, A. (1971). Psychological modeling: Conflicting theories. Chicago: Aldine- Atherton.