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Types of Surveys QNT/561 In the following situations, decide whether you would use a personal interview, telephone survey, or self-administered questionnaire. Give your reasons. 1. A survey of the residents of a new subdivision on why they happened to select that area in which to live. You also wish to secure some information about what they like and do not like about life in the subdivision. A self-administered questionnaire is the survey I would choose for the situation. The self-administered questionnaire would give the respondents time to think about their responses.
It would also allow multiple people in the household to be able to respond. The questionnaire can be mailed to the residents of the new subdivision. The addresses will be easy to pin-pointed for mailing the questionnaire in the subdivision. The telephone survey may provide incorrect data. The information may not be from the best person in the household to answer the survey. The information will be given without time to think about the response.
The time to set up the telephone survey may not benefit the survey taker and they may not answer the phone or may give thought-out responses because they are distracted.
The personal interview may not be beneficial for the responder for the survey. They may have a time constraint or they may not have time to plan for a one-on-one survey. The time and place would have to be planned between both the respondent and the one giving the questionnaire. The personal interview would also cost extra for having a place for the survey for the one-on-one interview and the person giving the survey.
2. A poll of students at Metro University on their preferences among three candidates who are running for president of the student government.
A self-administered questionnaire is the survey I would choose for this situation. A self-administered questionnaire would give the students additional time to research the candidates and think about their responses. The questionnaire would also allow the students to read and answer the questionnaire at their conveyance. The self-administered questionnaire could be given by email, text, or in-class. The questionnaire will be kept confidential so that there other classmates do not see their responses. The students at Metro University may take classes online or in-class.
The time to schedule a telephone survey or personal interview may be inconvenient for the administer and the respondent. It may cost the respondent money for gas, baby-sitter, or time to take the survey. The survey given should not cost the respondent money or be inconvenient for them to take it. The personal interview would cost too much to administer and may not be possible to personally interview each student. 3. A survey of 58 wholesale grocery companies, scattered over the eastern United States, on their personnel management policies for warehouse personnel. A telephone survey is the survey I would choose for this situation.
I chose the telephone survey because I would assume that there would be someone available to respond to the survey. The survey could also be administered to the proper individual to complete the survey. The telephone survey is beneficial because it is a wide spread area to complete the survey. The personal interview would be costly to administer. It would be costly to send someone to do the interview across the eastern United States. It would also take too much time for one person to administer the survey and additional people may need to be hired and trained to administer the survey.
The self-administered survey may not reach the proper personal to respond to the survey. This would result in incorrect data for the survey and would produce invalid results. There may be a problem with non-responses due to the wrong person receiving the survey, the survey gets lost, or the survey is thrown away. 4. A survey of financial officers of the Fortune 500 corporations to learn their predictions for the economic outlook in their industries in the next year. A personal interview is the survey I would choose for this situation.
Securing their time will greatly enhance the participant’s responses. The personal interview could be set in a place that will not distract the financial officer’s attention. The personal interview will allow the experienced and trained interviewer to ask additional questions if needed and get additional data for the survey. The personal interview gives the one-on-one attention and lets the financial officers know that it is important data that is being collected. The telephone or self-administered survey may not reach the proper person or the survey. The survey may never reach the financial officer. The survey may be given to another employee to respond, secretary or assistant. The financial officer could easily be distracted from the survey. The survey may not be priority to the financial officer and may take a while for the response. 5. A study of applicant requirements, job tasks, and performance expectations as part of a job analysis of student work-study jobs on a college campus of 2,000 students, where 1,500 are involved in the work-study program.
A self-administered questionnaire is the survey I would choose for this situation. There is too much information needed in the survey that will require thinking and time to answer. It would be beneficial to reach the respondents with the large amount of participants for the survey that are busy in the work-study program by using the self-administered questionnaire. The self-administered questionnaire could be administered be text, email, website, or in-class so that there is only one response from each student.
The self-administered questionnaire also gives time that other students may talk about the importance and their rationale of the survey. The telephone survey and the personal interview would cost more than the self-administered survey. The students may not have a phone or may be busy and cannot answer the call. The personal interview would take time away from the student. The student may not have time from their personal lives or cannot miss class for the personal interview. The telephone survey and the personal interview does not allow time for the students to think about their responses.
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