Restorative Justice

The Wages of Prison Overcrowding
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Prison populations around the world have increased beyond measure and are troubling the criminal justice systems with massive financial and organizational burdens. The Criminal Justice System as a whole is coming to the realization that incarceration in its most regular sense has been far from being successful in achieving the envisioned social and sentencing goals it was intended for. Now the criminal justice system is looking into the effectiveness of many alternatives to incarceration programs, which offer many advantages in…...
Memories of Gukurahundi Massacre and the Challenge of Reconciliation
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Name : NYONI JOHN T Student number : G0190181T Course : Peace, Leadership And Transformation Assignment: One Q. 'Ethnocentrism best explains the occurance of genocides' using conflict examples explain how ethnocentrism drives genocidal conflicts. Restorative justice is commonly defined as an approach to justice that focuses on addressing the harm caused by crime?? while holding the offender responsible for their actions??, by providing an opportunity for the parties directly affected by the crime??- victims, offenders and communities - to identify…...
Effectiveness of Restorative Justice Interventions
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Restorative justice is a holistic philosophy and a concept as it encompasses the offender, the victim and the society in which the offence was committed. It aims to bring a conclusive end to the offence committed by making some type of reparations for the malice inflicted, the hurt caused and the deepening of the urge to re-offend. Restorative justice, although a part of the criminal justice process, is not a part of the criminal justice system as one of its…...
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Restorative Justice for Young Female Offenders: a critical evaluation
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The criminal justice system has traditionally concentrated on detaining and committing offenders rather than examining the roots of their problems and providing community-based services that effectively addressed them. Crime rates continue to soar under the present system and the search is ever stronger for a solution to deal with a rising prison population, high costs, overcrowding and poor conditions, coupled with an increasingly alarming disproportionate rise in the female jail population linked to “one-size-fits-all” harsh sentencing.This essay examines the concept…...
Historical Background of Victimology and Criminal Justice
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Introduction The nature and extent of victimization is not adequately understood across the world. Millions of people throughout the world suffer harm as a result of crime, the abuse of power, terrorism and other stark misfortunes. Their rights and needs as victims of this harm have not been adequately recognized. The UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration on Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power in 1985. This provides a universal benchmark by which progress…...
Universality and Reversibility: Justice and Fairness
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The categorical imperative incorporates two criteria for determining moral right and wrong: universalizability and reversibility. Universalizability means the person's reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act on at least in principle. Reversibility means the person's reasons for acting must be reasons that he or she would be willing to have all others use, even as a basis of how they treat him or her. That is, one's reasons for acting must be reasons that everyone could act…...
History of Behavior Modification
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Behavior Modification is defined as the use of rewards or punishments to reduce or eliminate problematic behavior, or to teach an individual new responses to environmental stimuli. The goal of a behavior modification program is to change and adjust behavior that is inappropriate or undesirable. Two main tools used in behavior modification are positive and negative reinforcement. Behavior modification can be traced to lab research as far back as the 1800's and 1900's. Most of this research was done through…...
Goals of Community Corrections
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Identify the goals of Community Corrections and determine if the goals are being met. What would be your team's recommendation to improve Community Corrections? Today, 3 out of every 4 persons under correctional supervision in the United States are on some form of community-based custody-mostly probation or parole-although community corrections also includes halfway houses, residential centers, work furlough, and all other programs for managing the offender in the community. It is a legal status, an alternative to incarceration, a service-delivery…...
Sentencing essay
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Sentencing The criminal justice system has many important aspects within, the most important one is sentencing. Sentencing is the imposition of a penalty on a person convicted of a crime. (Schmalleger, 2011) This decision is determined in judicial proceedings by judges and in some cases juries may be involved. In the following paragraphs the philosophical reasons and punishments for sentencing of criminals will be explained. There are four main philosophical reasons that surround the purposes of sentencing a criminal, which…...
Community Base Correction
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Community based correction is a more effective means of criminal punishment in comparison to incarceration. Community based corrections is a program which supervises people who have been convicted or are facing conviction. It is a non-incarcerate system of correction. These offenders have been convicted or are facing conviction. Some offenders have entered these programs before being in jail and some serve a part of their sentence in jail before entering the program. Community corrections have gained acceptance across the United…...
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