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One of the foremost necessary environmental phenomena within the world that got an excessive amount of attention from all individuals particularly scientists is the ozone hole. The ozone layer that is located at the underside of the stratosphere layer comprises purely of blue gas. The essential function of this layer is to safeguard the world from the harmful rays by facing the ultraviolet rays that come from the outer sphere. Some years past, scientists discovered a hole during this layer that permits harmful rays to passes through.
With time., the opening within the layer becomes more substantial due to the indifference of humans whereas exploitation the factories and releases the toxic chemicals to the atmosphere like Chlorofluorocarbons. Ozone hole phenomena have three substantial negative impacts like affecting human health, the climate, and the environment.Firstly, the foremost vital issue that may be affected like a shot from the harmful radiation that comes from the sun through the hole is human health.
According to Colles, Jermy, and Tiwary (2009), individuals are often affected during a negative approach from the ozone hole phenomena particularly from the harmful rays like UV lights that pass through the hole. Indeed, that the UV lights that come from the sun emissions are actively harmful and unhealthy to humans’ body, as well, skin burning can happen from these radiations and dangerous diseases like melanoma which is known as the most serious skin cancer. It is happening due to damaging in DNA structure in the human’s cells body. As well the skin injury, harmful emissions will affect eyes and the most important system in the human body which is the immune system.
Health Effects of UV Radiation (2015) connected between the rate of the amount of UV lights that come from the outer sphere due to the ozone hole phenomena and getting problems in eyes and immune system. Ultraviolet UV beams go through the ozone layer at a minimal rate, yet with the presence of the gap in the layer, increasingly unsafe beams pass and damage the retina of the eye and break the DNA molecule in the immune system. The weakness within the system results in the dearth of protection to the bodies from pathogens. According to that, once the harmful rays affect the eyes, the system cannot repair the retina of eyes, and therefore the cataracts malady can happen. Hence, UV beams that come from the outer sphere will affect people’s harmfully and create several diseases like cataracts, immune system weakening, and skin cancer.Secondly, the ozone layer guards the world against harmful emissions; however, with the existence of the hole in the ozone layer, additional beams will arrive at earth and create climate changes. There is a connection between the ozone gas reduction and the global climate change particularly in growing the temperature of the earth’s surface. Nevertheless, the layer supports the world by protective it from the dangerous beams (Allen, 2004). The climate affected once any flaws happen within the earth surface or in the layers of the atmosphere, and the hole in the layer permits harmful rays to pass in the world and raise its temperature which can cause an increase in the earth’s temperature. Once the action is completed, the water level is affected straight off as a result of once the temperature increase, and it ends up in melting the ice within the Polar regions which will lead in the future to sink the seaside cities. Whereas temperature dynamic affects the water level, the water vapor pressure cycle can also be affected once the temperature will increase. In results, Anderson and Keith (1999) explained that once the temperature rises due to the presence of the hole in the ozone layer, the water vapor cycle will be affected. In alternative words, the damaging beams that come back from the sunrise the temperature on the ocean surface then it will raise the vapor within the atmosphere which makes changes in the climate. For example, the essential cause for the atmospheric greenhouse phenomena is the hot temperature of the atmosphere. The high quantity of vapor within the atmosphere reacts with the deadly chemical gases in the air that affect the atmosphere negatively. The hole causes a massive rise in temperature that causes too several climate changes like the hot temperature of the air, greenhouse phenomena, and islands and coastal areas drowning.Finally, another harmful effect of ozone layer reduction and the harmful beams that pass to earth and atmosphere it is the effect on the habitat and creatures that live on this planet. UV beams that return from the sun have an on the spot result on the producer creatures’ such as plants and sea life (Jain, 2015). Mostly, ultraviolet radiations that are damaging beams will influence the organic procedures and photosynthesize activity within the plants. Additionally, it will influence the sea life by killing the planktons that create issues in food chains within the life nature. As an example, some little varieties of organisms that live at the under the sea would die from these radiations which cause death to the sea animals that consider them as food. Similarly, the plants that get exposed to these beams are not a healthy food for the animals to eat. So, it will be harmful to them in case they eat these plants. In different words, all these creatures are living perfectly. So, any changes happening due to harmful beams will affect the whole cycle off life and the food chains that connected.In conclusion, the ozone hole phenomena is a critical case to be studied by scientists, especially chemists. It has a real effect on Human health, climate changes, and the habitat. The earth is getting not healthy and suitable planet to live in. We do not have an alternative planet to live in. As an example, some animals have a limited list of food. They do not have any other choice. By decreasing the number of many species, this will make the rest also die. Still, the ozone hole is being more massive with time. Thus, there should be specific and straight activities and movements from governments to search out solutions for this disaster and a severe calamity would face us if it is very late.
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