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Mughal Empire Essay Examples

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India: unity in diversity

India is a big country comprising many racial groups with a great number of spoken languages and dialects. There are several religions and sects. These are reflected in their customs, rituals, dresses and festivals. Indian is the cradle of many cultures. In spite of the diversities, the people are united. Though several foreign invaders attacked India, none succeeded in destroying the basic Indian culture. One the contrary, it absorbed the good qualities of the new cultures and emerged as a…...

Mansabdari system - Mughal Empire

INTRODUCTION Mansabdari system It was the generic term for the military -type grading of all imperial officials of the Mughal Empire. The mansabdars governed the empire and commanded its armies in the emperor's name. Though they were usually aristocrats, they did not form a feudal aristocracy, for neither the offices nor the estates that supported them were hereditary The term is derived from Mansab, meaning 'rank'. Hence, Mansabdar literally means rank-holder. History Instituted by the Mughal emperor Akbar, Mansabdari was…...

Reasons for Mughal Empire Decline

In the words of Stanely Lane-Poole, "As some imperial corpse preserved for age in its dead seclusion, crowned and armed and still majestic, yet falls to the dust at the breath of heaven, so fell the Empire of the Mughals when the great name that guarded it was no more." V. A. Smith writes, "The collapse of the Empire came with a suddenness which at first sight may seem surprising. But the student who has acquired even a moderately sound…...

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I History of Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal of Agra is one of the Seven Wonders of the World, for reasons more than just looking magnificent. It's the history of Taj Mahal that adds a soul to its magnificence: a soul that is filled with love, loss, remorse, and love again. Because if it was not for love, the world would have been robbed of a fine example upon which people base their relationships. An example of how deeply a man loved his wife, that…...

The Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Safavid and Mughal Empires

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires were forces to be reckoned with back in the day. Being powerful entities, their rise was paved with military prowess, religious tolerance, and having meritocratic systems, though this is not always the case. Their fall, however, was the result of their treatment of peasants, a plague of horrid rulers, and shortsighted economic handling. The Ottomans were blessed for forty-six years with one of the greatest rulers of the thirteenth century – Suleiman the Magnificent.…...

Hawa Mahal in Jaipur

Hawa Mahal stands upright as the entrance to the City Palace, Jaipur. An important landmark in the city, Hawa Mahal is an epitome of the Rajputana architecture. The splendid five-storey “Palace of the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor much close to Rajasthan’s culture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1779. The pyramid shape of this ancient monument is a tourist attraction having 953 small windows. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal, the pinnacle of Mughal architecture, was…...

Mongols: Culture and History

Over time the Mongolian army has become synonymous with the term barbarian. The definition of barbaric is unsophisticated, primitive, and savagely cruel. These terms do not give the Mongols enough credit. I believe that they were not completely barbaric though they did have some brutal techniques. They were advanced strategists for their time period. The Mongolian army was run with a strict command and heavy emphasis was placed on living by the rules that were set in place. Their army…...

Urdu - The Origin and History of the Language

The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu. It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari Zaban or language of the…...

The Mansabdari System

The mansabdari system introduced by Akbar was a unique feature of the administrative system of the Mughal Empire. The term mansab (i. e. office, position or rank) in the Mughal administration indicated the rank of its holder (mansabdar) in the official hierarchy. The mansabdari system was of Central Asian origin. According to one view Babur brought it to North India. But the credit of giving it an institutional framework goes to Akbar who made it the basis of Mughal military…...

Agra city

AGRA FORT Also renowned as the Red Fort of Agra, Agra Fort is located near to the Taj Mahal gardens on the banks of River Yamuna. The real specimen of architectural marvel, this fortress was constructed in the 15th century. The construction of this mammoth structure started during 1565 during the Great King Akbar and continued the developments up to the period of King Shah Jahan, the grandson of Akbar. The fort, in a length of 2.5 km marvelous enclosure…...

The Mughal Dynasty

The Mughal Empire was the dominant power in the Indian subcontinent between the mid-16th century and the early 18th century. Founded in 1526, it formally endured up until 1858, when it was supplanted by the British Raj. The dynasty is sometimes described as the Timurid dynasty as Babur was descended from Timur. [citation needed] The Mughal dynasty was founded when Babur, coming from Ferghana (Modern Uzbekistan), attacked parts of northern India and beat Ibrahim Shah Lodhi, the ruler of Delhi,…...

Role of Youth in Enriching and Conserving Your Cultural Heritage

A safe and secure society is needed for blossoming of arts and sciences. India has a rich cultural heritage. Though it has been subjected to a series of cultural invasions, yet it has retained its originality and traditional character even after absorbing the best of the external influences. India is the cradle of one of the earliest civilizations of the world – the Indus Valley Civilization. Cultural Heritage India is rich in spiritual aspect and we should not fall prey…...

About India: History and Culture

The history of India begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens as long as 75,000 years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectusfrom about 500,000 years ago. The Indus Valley Civilisation, which spread and flourished in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent from c. 3300 to 1300 BCE in present-day Pakistan and northwest India, was the first major civilisation in South Asia. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture developed in the Mature Harappan period, from…...

Kathak Dance

Kathak is the classical dance of north indian style that was characterized by rhythmic footwork danced under the weight of more than 100 ankle bells, spectacular spins, and a representation of themes from Persian and Urdu poetry alongside those of Hindu mythology. The word kathak means "to tell a story". It is derived from the dance dramas of ancient India. Kathak arose from the fusion of Hindu and Muslim cultures that took place during the Mughal period. More than any…...

The Rise Of The Mughal Empire

Introduction             No period in the Indian history has enjoyed as much attention and scholarly research efforts as the period in history that corresponds with the Mughal rule. The Mughal Empire is known as one of the largest centralized states recorded in pre-modern history1. At its zenith, the Mughal Empire commanded resources unprecedented in Indian history and covered virtually the entire subcontinent. The empire lasted from the date of Babur’s victory over the Lodis in 1526 to the time of…...

Islamic Art

To start this topic, the first question that arises in the mind is that what is art? Basically art is not a word, which has a specific definition, but in literal meanings art can be defined as a spiritual sense of a human being, which he or she notes down in an artistic way. Art refers to creativity. Creativity is something very similar to art. The human mind is a congregation of many ideas. These ideas when get note down…...

Understanding transgender people

We appear to be at an impasse: a strongly vocal sector of the trans lobby insists that one is simply the gender one identifies as being, while an ever louder association of straight men or women insist both that birth sex is inextricably linked to gender and that , in effect, gender isn't something we can choose solely on the basis of our private mental content. What we need to understand is that transgender people are just as human as…...

The new capital was Akbar's finest work

A'bul Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar sat in the shade of the red sandstone and dome above him. He watched the trembling pool as his subjects flocked around Fatehpur Sikiri in the midsummer heat. His palanquin sat on the ground. His nobles sat in silence around him. The new capital was Akbar's finest work. It's towering minarets, long detailed hallways, and arched entrances were the most traditional and beautiful of Mughal architecture. His empire was vast, stretching from Madras in…...

Situatåd in Chhota Bazaar oppositå old St. Ståphåns Collågå

Situatåd in thå crowdåd Chhota Bazaar oppositå old St. Ståphån's Collågå building, thå Såth Ram Lal Khåmka Havåli must havå båån quitå a statåmånt of powår and wåalth whån it camå up in thå 1850s. Dåspitå båing so closå to Kashmårå Gatå, thå scånå of håavy fighting during thå siågå of Dålhi in 1857, thå havåli withstood thå plundåring of råbål såpoys as wåll as subsåquånt Ånglish råtribution. It changåd hands såvåral timås båforå thå pråsånt ownårs got it in…...

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal societies all relied on bureaucracies that drew inspiration from the steppe traditions of Turkish and Mogol people and from the heritage of Islam, they adopted similar policies, they looked for ways to keep peace in their societies which were made up of different religious and ethnic backgrounds, and they were associated with literary and artistic talents. Military and religious factors gave rise to all three of these empires.The Ottoman Empire: The Ottoman dynasty, in which,…...

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