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Godden and Baddeley (1975) Psychology

Paper type: Essay
Pages: 2 (394 words)
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Godden and Baddeley (1975) Godden and Baddeley under took a field experiment in which they examined if being in the exact same environment when learning/remembering something affects their recall in appose to being in a different environment from where the words are discovered. They did utilizing an independent group style. Godden and Baddeley found 18 deep-sea scuba divers whom were offered 38 unassociated two or three syllable words, they all had the very same time to try and remember these words. They were then arbitrarily allocated to 4 conditions, one being to learn and recall the words on the beach, the 2nd being to discover and remember the words undersea, the 3rd being discover on the beach and recall undersea and the last being discover under water and recall on the beach.

The mean variety of outcomes remembered for dry land learning and recall were 13.5, the mean variety of results recalled for undersea knowing and recall was 11.4, the mean number of results recalled for under water knowing and dry land recall was 8.

4 and the mean number of outcomes remembered for dry land learning and under water recall was 8.6. The results of this experiment resulted in showing that when discovering something in a specific environment, that when recalling/being tested on because very same environment, the results will be better than remembering in a different environment.

Godden and Baddeley’s experiment had many strengths, one being that the experiment had ecological validity, meaning the experiment can be generalised to real-life situations, another being that order effects are limited, as the participants are less likely to suffer boredom as they were each assigned 1 condition therefore the validity of the test is not affected, a final strength being that Godden and Baddeley randomly allocated the divers to their conditions making the experiment unbiased.

With much strength, the experiment had a few limitations, these being that the participant variables may have affected the experiment as some divers may generally be more intelligent or have good memory, therefore their results would be better than most in either environment, also, when divers were travelling to a different environment from which they learnt their words, they may have been distracted causing them to forget. Finally, the results cannot be applied to the whole population, only divers as the test was specifically done on divers, and not average people.

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Godden and Baddeley (1975) Psychology. (2016, Nov 25). Retrieved from https://studymoose.com/godden-and-baddeley-1975-psychology-essay

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